Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/32

Click to flip

32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
agamemnon
King of Argos who led the Greeks to Troy to retrieve his brother Menelaus' wife Helen. son of atreus. commander-in-chief of the Achaean army, He was married to the unfaithful Klytaimestra and killed upon his return from Troy by her and her lover, Aigisthos.
ahkaians
General terms for all Greeks; in The Iliad and The Odyssey, used interchangeably.
aias/ajax the greater
A Greek hero in the Trojan war whom Odysseus encounters in the Underworld. Aias killed himself after Odysseus was named a greater man than he, and still refuses to speak to his friend even after death.
aigisthos
The treacherous lover of Agamemnon’s wife, Klytaimestra. He conspired with her to kill her husband, agamemnon, and was later murdered in revenge by Orestes, Agamemnon’s son.
akhilles
most important greek hero that fought against the Trojans (member of Achaeans). He’s already dead by the time the Odyssey begins, so we only see him in the Underworld. in the Iliad Achilleus was given a choice: live a long and uneventful life, or get lots of glory and then die. Obviously, he chose get lots of glory, but when we hear him speak as a "shade" it looks like he regrets it. He says he would rather live in the real world as the lowliest slave than be Big Man in Hades.
antikleia
Odysseus’s mother; he converses with her in the Underworld and discovers that she has taken her own life out of grief for his continued absence.
antinoos
the human face we get to put to the otherwise nameless group of evil suitors. As such, Antinoös represents unbecoming greed and impropriety. He eats, drinks, raids Odysseus’s supply of food and has no sense of restraint or respect for the King’s house and name. suitors break xenia, plot to kill odysseus
aphrodite
Goddess of love. In the land of the Phaiakians, the bard Demodokos sings a tale about Aphrodite cheating on her husband (Hephaistos) with the God of war (Ares); she is caught in the act, literally, when her husband catches the lovers in a net and lets everyone see.
apollo
(Iliad)
Chryseis’s father, a man named Chryses who serves as a priest of the god Apollo, begs Agamemnon to return his daughter and offers to pay an enormous ransom. When Agamemnon refuses, Chryses prays to Apollo for help.
Apollo sends a plague upon the Greek camp, causing the death of many soldiers.
Ares
God of war. He is referenced in the Odyssey as the lover of Aphrodite, who was married. He and Aphrodite were caught – during sex – by her husband Hephaistos, and shown to the world while wearing his birthday suit.
argives
general term for greeks
artemis
one of the few goddesses immune to the enchantments of Aphrodite. She is the goddess of childbirth. Known as a fierce hunter as well as protector, Artemis is one of the major Greek goddesses. In the Odyssey, Artemis and her twin were said to have been the messengers of death to the people of the island of Syria. When the fates decided that it was time for a person to exit this life Artemis would swoop down with her silver bow and kill them. 05.123 ...Kalypso (Calypso) reminds Hermes how chaste Artemis had killed Orion with her painless arrows because he was the lover of Eos (Dawn).
06.151 ...Odysseus compares Nausikaa with the goddess Artemis in beauty and stature
11.324 ...Artemis killed Ariadne
astyanax
the only son of Hector and Andromache, killed by {odysseus} by being thrown over troys highest wall
Athena
daughter of zeus, loves odysseus. disguises herself as Penelope's sister, Telemakhos, a shepherd girl, Mentor, a little girl, Nausicaa's friend, and a seaman that advises Telemakhos.
atreus
the son of Pelops and Hippodamia, a king of Mycenae, and the father of Agamemnon and Menelaus. Collectively, his descendants are known as Atreidai or Atreidae.
Atreus and his twin brother Thyestes were exiled by their father for murdering their half-brother Chrysippus in their desire for the throne of Olympia.
bryseis
a Trojan woman captured by the Greeks in the Iliad. She was first Achilles' prize of the Trojan war; he fell in love with her. She was then taken by King Agamemnon, but later returned to Achilles.
calchas
on of Thestor, was an Argive seer, with a gift for interpreting the flight of birds.
the priest of Apollo and a Trojan renegade who foretold that the city of Troy could not be taken without the aid of the young Achilles.
danaans
greeks, acheaens, argives
demeter
The fair haired earth goddess. daughter Persephone is kidnapped as part of a secret agreement between Zeus and Hades. Although she is one of the six Olympians and brother to Zeus and Hades, she was not told of the fate of her beloved daughter until it was (almost) too late. flower was trap, she went to underworld. she made the earth die for a year, hades loves persephone, gave her pomegranite when she left that made her love him. zeus decided that 2/3 of the year persephone spent with mom, 1/3 spent in underworld (winter)
Hades
zeus and him kidnapped persephone, hades loves her, trickd her into wanting him. 1/3 year spent with him(winter). god of underworld.
hektor
son: asynayax
mom and dad: king and queen of troy (hecuba and priam)
brother: paris
Hektor fights primarily out of a sense of responsibility to his city and his family
helen
Menelaos’s wife and instigator of the entire Trojan war.
Helen was the most beautiful woman ever. Seriously. She was married to a Greek king named Menelaos, which as far as we know was going swimmingly until Paris, the most handsome Trojan guy ever, decided he wanted her.In the Odyssey, we meet Helen when Telemachos visits Sparta for news of his father. She’s very gracious, telling him stories of Odysseus
helios
ALSO, God of the sun. You might be wondering what’s up with all this cattle – basically, Helios was famous not only for controlling the most essential body of matter in our solar system, but also for having some really awesome cattle that no one was allowed to touch, much less kill and eat. This is why Odysseus’s men’s doing just that was a big problem, and by "big" we mean "punishable by death."
hephaestus
Aphrodite’s crippled blacksmith husband. Luckily, he married a beautiful goddess. Unluckily, she cheats.
hera
wife of zeus, gets pissed as hell when he talks to other women/goddesseses. she was goddess of women and marriage.
ares' momma
herakles
in underworld odysseus sees his armor that has naughty pictures allover it (of war and bloody shit). and herakles is still alive but hes just an image of something that will happen and hes all like "yo oddysseus, am i gonna die and shit?"
hermes
he flies, he gets compared to a duck eating fish, he is the messenger god. he has a large PENIS!
homer
THE SON OF A BITCH WHO WROTE ALL THIS SHIT, ALSO, THE SOLE REASON WE ARE FAILING ENGLISH.
ilium
AKA troy
iphigenia
she is best known as the daughter Agamemnon, leader of the Greek forces at Troy, had to sacrifice in order to appease Artemis. supposed to marry achilles but was sent to taurus right before wedding and an animal sent in her place
kalypso
dumbass bitch who kidnapped odysseus and kept him on ogygia for goddd knowssss how long!....4 years.
kharibdis
she was once a nymph-daughter of Poseidon and Gaia who flooded lands for her father's underwater kingdom until Zeus turned her into a monster and have her suck in and out water three times an day. She lived in a cave at one side of the Strait of Messina, opposite the monster Scylla, the two of them forming a dangerous threat to passing ships.