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15 Cards in this Set

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Hydrothermal Vents

an area where ocean water sink thorough cracks in the ocean floor,is heated by the underlying magma,and rises again through the cracks.

Upwelling

an area flow of cold water from the ocean depths

Neritic Zone

The part of an ocean that extends from the low tide line out the edge of the Continental shelf

Open Ocean Zone

the area of the ocean beyond the edge of the Continental shelf

Plankton

tiny algae and animals that floats in water and are carried by the waves and currents

Nekton

free swimming animals that can move throughout the water column

Benthons

Organism that live in the bottom of an ocean of other body of water

Intertial Zone

the area that stretches from the highest high tide line on land out to the point on the continental shelf exposed by the lowest low tide

Sonar

a system that used sound waves to calculate the distance to an object

Anquacuture

the farming of saltwater and freshwater organisms

Estuary

a coastal inlet or bay where fresh water from rivers mixes with salty ocean water

surface zone

extends as far as sunlight reaches below the surface; it is the only part of the part of the open ocean the receives enough sunlight for the growth of algae

deep ocean zone

begins when sunlight no longer reaches the water (at the end of the surface zone); it is dark and cold

surface currents

is a large a stream of moving water at the surface that flows through the ocean; are mainly driven by winds

biosphere

the part of the earth's crust, waters,and atmosphere that supports life