• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Identify the 2 types of viscera in the abdomen. Which of these percuss tympany?
Solid viscera
Hollow viscera => Percusses tympany
Identify the quadrants in the abdomen.
Identify and describe the 3 regions of the abdomen.
Epigastric - above belly button

Umbilicus - around belly button area

Hypogastric/Suprapubic - below belly button, above pubic region
Identify the nationalities that have increased risk for lactose intolerance at birth.
African Americans, Native Americans, Asians, and Mediterranean groups
large oval cavity extending from diaphragm down to the brim of the pelvis
Identify what organs/structures are in the RUQ.
liver, gallbladder, duodenum, head of pancreas, R kidney 
and adrenal, hepatic, flexure of colon, part of ascending and transverse 
Identify what organs/structures are in the LUQ
stomach, spleen, L lobe of liver, body of pancreas, L kidney and 
adrenal, splenic flexure of colon, part of transverse and descending colon
Identify what organs/structures are in the LLQ.
part of descending colon, sigmoid, colon, L ovary and tube, L 
ureter, L spermatic cord
Identify what organs/structures are in the RLQ.
cecum, appendix, R ovary and tube, R ureter, R spermatic cord
Identify the common chief complaint for abdomen.
Abdominal pain, unspecific
Identify the normal range in frequency for bowel movements.
o Frequent 2-3 times per day
o Infrequent as once every 3-5 times days
Should feces be floating or sinking?
It should be sinking. If it's floating, it means patient is not getting enough fiber.
If a patient is vomiting/having diarrhea more than ______ times a day, you will be concerned about dehydration.
Why must you auscultate before palpation and percussion?
If you percuss or palpate first, you will create gurgles/sounds in the abdomen.
Identify the 4 descriptions of bowel sounds.
Normal (normoactive)
What does it mean when you hear a bruit when checking for vascular sounds?
It could mean there is an aneurysm.
Identify the 2 types of sound you would hear via percussion.
Tympany and dullness
Inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis, caused by bacterial infection.
abnormal enlargement of organs

Pic: Spleen enlargement
Describe the two types of palpation.
Light - 1 cm

Deep - 2-3 inches
accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
bowels are evacuated at long intervals or with difficulty/straining, 
stool is usually very hard
umbilical hernia
soft skin covered mass which is the protrusion of the intestine 
through a weakness or incomplete closure in the umbilical ring

Note: When person is relaxed, you should be able to retract this into belly.
inflammation and usually enlarged liver
gastroesophageal reflux (GER/GERD)
complex of symptoms of 
esophagitis, heartburn, usually occurs 30-60 minutes after eating, aggravated by lying down or bending over, (in infants characterized by spitting up/vomiting)
aortic aneurysm
pulsating mass in the upper abdomen just left of midline; positive bruit, decreased femoral pulses

Note: 80% are palpable during routine physical exam
Describe pain related to appendicitis.
diffuse pain in periumbilical region that later shifts to severe, sharp, persistent pain and tenderness localized in RLQ (McBurney’s point)
Appendicitis pain is aggravated by _________. (2)

It is associated with the following symptoms: __________. (3)
aggravated by movement, coughing

anorexia, N/V, fever
gastroenteritis/gastritis (AGE)
diffused generalized abdominal pain with nausea and diarrhea
inflammation of the gallbladder
Describe the clinical manifestation of cholecystitis and its causes.
Sudden pain in RUQ that may radiate to right or left scapula and which builds over time, lasting 2-4 hours after ingestion of fatty foods, alcohol, or caffeine
Cholecystitis is common in ______.
females > 40 years old.
A bruit indicates _________ in _________ vessels.
turbulent blood flow

in constricted, abnormally dilated, or tortuous vessels
What result confirms rebound tenderness (Blumberg sign)?
Pain on release of pressure
Describe how to perform the following test: rebound tenderness. What is normal response?
Choose a site away from the painful area. Hold your hand 90 degrees, or perpendicular, to the abdomen. Push down slowly and deeply; then lift up quickly.

A normal, or negative, response is no pain on release of pressure.
Describe how to perform the following test: inspiratory arrest (Murphy Sign). What is a normal response?
Hold your fingers under the liver border. Ask the person to take a deep breath.

A normal response is to complete the deep breath without pain.
Describe how to perform the following test: iliopsoas muscle test.
With the person supine, lift the right leg straight up, flexing at the hip (Fig. 21-31); then push down over the lower part of the right thigh as the person tries to hold the leg up.
Identify the 5 locations you would listen for vascular sounds.
L/R renal artery
L/R iliac artery
L/R femoral artery
enlarged liver
Hypoactive or absent bowel sounds typically follow ___________. (2)
abdominal surgery or inflammation of the peritoneum
serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and covering the abdominal organs
An individual is 5' 3'' in height and weighs 120 pounds. What is their BMI?
apple shape vs. pear shape
Apple - Wider waist than hips

Pear - Wider hips than waist
Which of the following has a higher risk for heart disease: apple shape or pear shape?
Apple shape
Describe how to calculate waist/hip ratio.
Ratio = Waist/Hips
Identify the formula for BMI using inches and pounds.
Perform the iliopsoas muscle test when ________ is suspected.
What is the normal result for iliopsoas muscle test?
No pain/change
When the iliopsoas muscle is inflamed (which occurs with an inflamed or perforated appendix), pain is felt the ______ quadrant.

Evidence shows that the Obturator Test, another technique that stretches the obturator muscle, does not work to diagnose appendicitis.
Sharp pain during CVA tenderness test indicates __________.
Sharp pain occurs with inflammation of the kidney or paranephric area.
Describe how to perform the following test: CVA tenderness. What is normal response?
To assess the kidney, place one hand over the twelfth rib at the costovertebral angle on the back (Fig. 21-17). Thump that hand with the ulnar edge of your other fist.

Normal response is no pain.
Identify the disease/condition the following patient may have.

You feel a pulsating mass in the upper abdomen. You hear a bruit in that region and the pt has decreased femoral pulses.
Aortic aneurysm
Identify the disease/condition the following patient may have.

Pt has had increasing pain in the RLQ. The pain started in the preumbilical region and has gotten worse and moved to the RLQ.
Identify the disease/condition the following patient may have.

Pt has abdominal pain throughout belly. He/She is also experiencing nausea and diarrhea.
Identify the disease/condition the following patient may have.

Pt reports pain lasting ~3 hours after ingesting fatty foods and caffeine. The pain is in the RUQ.
Identify the disease/condition the following patient may have.

Pt feels heartburn ~30 minutes after eating. He said it feels worst after lying down or bending over.
gastroesophageal reflux (GER/GERD)
Blumberg sign = _______ test
rebound tenderness
Murphy sign = _______ test
inspiratory arrest