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10 Cards in this Set

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Neonatal (birth to 28 days)

Behavior largely reflexive and develops to more purposeful behavior.


Parents should assist to I.D. and meet unmet needs

Infancy (1 months to 1 year)

Physical growth is rapid.


Nurse should encourage parents to control infants environment so that physical and psychological needs are met.

Toddler (1 to 3 years)

Motor development permits increased physical autonomy.


Psychosocial skills increase.


Nurse should assist parents to I.D safety issues and create risk-taking strategies which promote normal growth and development, but minimize risk of injury.

Preschool (3 to 6 years )

The Preschoolers world is expanding.


New experiences and the preschoolers social role are tried during play.


Physical growth is slower.


Nurse to assist parents to provide opportunities for play and socialization.

School age (6-12)

Stage includes the preadolescent period (10-12 years )


Peer group increasingly influences behavior.


Physical, cognitive and social development increases, especially in face of conflicts.


Nurse to assist parents in developing ways in which to allow time and energy for the school-age child to persue hobbies and school activities. Nurse also assist parents to recognize and support their child's achievement.


Adolescent (12-20 years )

Self-concept changes occur due to life events - ( children leave home, occupational goals change, etc )


Nurses assist adolescents to develop coping strategies and conflict resolution skills to deal with life events.



Young Adulthood ( 20-40 years old )

A personal lifestyle develops.


Person establishes a relationship with a significant other and / or a commitment to something.


Nurse recognizes the person's commitments. Nurse should assist young adults in making necessary adjustments needed to support important health initiatives.

Middle adulthood (40-65 years)

Lifestyle changes occur due to life events - children leave home, occupational goals change, etc


Nurses assist clients to plan for anticipated changes in life, and recognize risk factors related to health, and to focus on strength rather than weaknesses

Young -old ( 65-74 years )

Lifestyle changes occur due to retirement and changing physical abilities (chronic illnesses can develop)


Nurses assist clients to keep physically and socially active and to maintain peer group interactions.


Old -Old (85 years +)

Lifestyle changes occur due to ongoing changes in physical health and life circumstances (change in senses, declining speed of movement and reaction time, loss of loved ones, etc )


Increasing dependence on others may be necessary.


Nurse should assist clients to adapt to ongoing changes in physical health and life circumstances. Nurse also assist clients with self care as required and with maintaining as much independence as possible.