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58 Cards in this Set

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Accent

play the note louder, with more emphasis

accidental

a sharp, flat, or natural sign that appears in a piece of music

articulation

the manner in which a note in performed

decrescendo/diminuendo

gradually softer

dotted note

a note that has one half the original notes value tacked on

dynamic signs

indicate how loud or soft the music should be played

enharmonic notes

two notes that sound the same but are written differently

fermata

hold the note for longer than its original value

flat

lowers the note by a half step

legato

to play 2 or more notes smoothly connected

measure

the area between two barlines

mezzo/moderato

moderately

ritardando

gradually slower

slur

smoothly connects two or more notes of different pitches

tempo

"rate of speed" how fast or slow the music should be played

tie

two notes of the same pitch joined by a curved line

augmented interval

when a perfect or major interval is made larger by a half step

chord

3 or more notes played together

diatonic interval

when the keynote and the upper note of an interval are from the same major scale

dimished interval

when a perfect or minor interval is made smaller by a half step

dominant

the tone a 5th above the tonic. 5th scale degree

dominant 7th chord

built on 5th scale degree with a root, major 3rd, perfect 5th and a minor 7th

double flat

lowers the note by a full step

double sharp

raises the note by a full step

enharmonic keys

keys and scales that sound the same but are written differently. e.g C#,F# and B. Db, Gb and Cb

interval

the distance between two notes

leading tone

7th scale degree

major scale

WWHWWWH two tetrachords joined by a whole step

major triad

triad: root, M3, P5

mediant

3rd scale degree

minor interval

when a major interval is decreased by a half step



perfect interval

4th, 5th and 8th

primary chords

1st, 4th and 5th

root

note from which a chord gets its name. the lowest note of the chord

root position

when the order of notes goes from lowest to highest : root, 3, 5

solfege

a system of reading musical notes by assigning a different syllable to each note

subdominant

4th scale degree

submediant

6th scale degree

supertonic

2nd scale degree

tetrachord

4 notes having the pattern of WWH in alphabetical order

tonic

1st scale degree

triad

3 notes 1,3,5

Aeolian mode

a natural minor scale. A to A on the white keys

arpeggio

when the notes of a chord are played sequentially

augmented triad

M triad that has a raised 5th

diminished triad

m triad that has a lowered 5th

Dorian mode

a narutral minor scale with the 6th raised a half step. D to D on the white keys

inversion

the notes of a triad rearranged

1st inversion

3 of the triad on bottom, root on top

2nd inversion

5th of triad on bottom root, then 3rd on top

Ionian mode

a Major scale. C to C on the white keys



Locrian mode

a natural minor scale with the 2nd and 5th lowered a half step. B to B on the white keys

Lydian mode

a major scale with the 4th raised a half step. F to F on the white keys

minor triad

triad with a root, minor 3rd and a perfect 5th. In major keys, 2,3,6 chords are minor, in minor keys, 1 and 4 are minor chords

mixolydian mode

a major scale where the 7th is lowered a half step. G to G on the white keys

Mode

a system of scales that began in ancient greece. 8 notes in alphabetical order

Phrygian mode

a natural minor scale with the 2nd lowered a half step. E to E on the white keys

Primary Triads

I, IV and V for major keys. i, iv, V for minor keys