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46 Cards in this Set

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Chromatic Half Step

Has 1 letter name


C–>C#

Diatonic Half Step

adjacent letter name


C–>Db

Augmented Prime (A1)

the interval between two notes on the same staff position


C and C# -the interval of that

Whole Step

1 chromatic half step + 1 diatonic half step

tetrachord

4 different notes (pitch classes)

the major tetrachord

W,W,h/mi2

Enharmonic Equivalents

notes which sound the same out of context, but spelled differently, function differently, and are different notes


there are 7 * 5 = 35 of them

non-theoretical notes

any sharp or flat before double flat or double sharp

Major Scale Degrees
1-8

Major Scale Degrees


1-8

1. Tonic


2. Supertonic


3. Mediant


4. Subdominant


5. Dominant


6. Submediant


7. Leading tone


8. Tonic

key signature

reflects order of origin

tonwille

what tones want to do

interval

the relationship between 2 notes as defined by: numerical size and quality

numerical size (interval)

the number of letter names inclusively between 2 notes

quality (interval)

whether an interval is major, minor, aug, dim, perfect

Families:



Pefect?


Imperfect?

Perfect: 1,4,5,8


Imperfect 2,3,6,7 (Major Minor Family)

octaves

2 notes that have 2:1 ratio frequencies

pitch class

all the notes with the same name regardless of register (bands of highs and lows)


C is a pitch class (C1 to C2 to C3...) octaves–ish


D# is a pitch class (D#1 to D#2...)

register

bands of highs and lows on a keyboard

simple interval (interval simplification)

an interval whose numerical size is 8 or less

compound interval (interval simplification)

an interval whose numerical size is 9 or more

interval inversion

1. start with a simple interval (8 or less), top note becomes bottom note, bottom note becomes top note. 2. Displace one of the notes by a perfect octave (multiples remain sum of numerical size = 9)



Major <-> minor


Perfect <-> Perfect


Augmented <-> Diminished


Consonants (intervals in simplified form)

p8, p1


p5, p4


p4, p5


M3, m6


M6, m3

Dissonants (intervals in simplified form)

M2, m2


M7, m7


P4.


ALL Augmented and Diminished possibilities

How do you get Sound?

1. Matter


2. Vibrations


3. Carrier, such as air


4. Receiver, such as ears


5. CPU - central processing unit (brain)

The Fundamental Frequency


P8


P5


P4


M3


M6

P8 - 2:1 (220 : 110)


P5 - 3:2


P4 - 4:3 (440 : 330)


M3 - 5:4 (partial)


M6 - 5:3 (partial)

tonality


1.


the character of a piece of music as determined by the key in which it is played or the relations between the notes of a scale or key.


2. the major/minor monopoly

interval class vector for C to C

254361


2 = #half steps


5 = 5 Whole Steps


1 = Key defining tritones

tritone

A4


d5

Diatonic Modes


C, D, E, F, G ,A, B

C = Ionian


D = Dorian


E = phrygian


F = Lydian (Diralis = "hard b") (mollis soft b)


G = Mixolydian


A = Aeolian


B = Locrian

modes vs keys


how is modes different

modes are note specific


keys and not

performance practice

-how you perform music that doesn't get written down


-don't have to be told what to do


-stuff that doesn't get written down

what is Musica ficta

"false music"

(regarding Lydian)


dirallis


mollis

dirallis = hard b (b natural)


mollis = soft b (b flat)

modality

system of modes

parallel keys

keys that have the same tonic


F major -> f minor

relative keys

keys that have the same key signature, but are distinct keys


G major -> E minor

root

the referential tone of a chord

tone

the referential tone of a key

4 qualities of triads?

Major: major 3rd, perfect 5th


Minor: minor 3rd, perfect 5th


Diminished: minor 3rd, diminished 5th


Augmented: major 3rd, augmented 5th

7th Chord Qualities:


1. M7


2. m7


3. V7


4. o7


5. ø7


6. A7


7. m-M 7

Q, Triad, 7th


1. M7, M, M


2. m7, m, m


3. V7, M, m


4. o7, d, d


5. ø7, d, m


6. A7, A, M


7. m-M, m, M

Figures...

refer to intervals above the bass

Triad Inversions:




What is in the bass?


Root Positive?


1st Inversion?


2nd Inversion?

Root Positive - root in bass, 5/3


1st Inversion - 3rd in bass, 6/(3)


2nd Inversion - 5th in bass, 6/4

Clefs:

Clefs:



octave equivalence

ratio of frequencies

chord

3 or more notes when sounded at the same time form a complex sound

triad

a root, a third above root, a 5th above root