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37 Cards in this Set

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Classical Era

1720-1800 (18th Century)

Touchpoints for Classical Era

Art, Architecture (Greek Parthenon, Palladio's Villa la Rotonda, Jefferson's Monticello home)

Music

Stability, Rationality, Clarity, Balance, Emotions, and Drama but never without sense or balance and clarity

Why is it called "Classical"?

looks back at ancient Greek culture

Predominant Texture

Homophonic and Polyphonic but with strong sense of melody and accompaniment

Composers

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven

Mozart:

Eine Kleine Nachtmusik ("A Little Night Music") string serenade

Mozart=

freelance composer pianist in Vienna and Court composer for House Party Music

Sonata Form Structure

a ternary structure

3 part structure

Exposition. Main themes revealed. Often contrary or different moods. 2 development. Bits and pieces of themes used in different ways feeling of instability sometimes confusion 3 Recapitulation. Re-statement of main themes leads to closing of the movement sometimes extra music at the end

Coda

section reinforces the finality and closing of the movement can be short or long

Beethoven:

5th Symphony (1808)

Beethoven=

freelance composer and virtuoso pianist in Vienna

Beethoven structure

Sonata form also but more dramatic uses small ideas like theme 1= shortshortshortlong and builds on them

Swing Man

Beethoven from Classical to Romantic Era

Romantic Era

1800-1900

Touchpoints of Romantic Era

greater emotional expression in music even when using traditional structures like Sonata Form

Type of music the Romantic Era is

heightened interest in nature, drama, extreme expression of emotions , mysticism, the "darkside", music harmonies may not resolve as we would expect (the ambiguity of life)

Composers of Romantic Era

Beethoven, Franz Schubert, and Robert Schumann

Beethoven Sympathy #5 in Romantic Era

uses classical sonata form but with way more expression than normal: dynamic extremes ("shock value")

1st Movement of Romantic Era

Recapitulation OBOE SOLO. Sense of "one person's voice as an individual vs the big world of humanity and nature"

Artist of Importance in the RE

Caspar David Friedrich "Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog"

Franz Schubert

Song (Song="Lied", in German) the Erlking

Franz Schubert's Song

super dramatic deals with death anxiety the devil innocence of the child psychological profiling of traditional roles: men=strength and security women=nurturing child= innocence and etc

Franz Schubert song structure

through composed listener follows the story from beginning to end driving triplet rhythm never stops until the end

Modern Era

1900-present

Song Form

aka 32-bar form aka aaba flintstones theme song over the rainbow b section is called the bridge it connects the a sections

Verse-Chorus

Jingle Bells aka "The one horse open sleigh" seasons of love from the show Rent (Jonathan Larson)

Verse-Chorus-Bridge

Alicia Keys No One bridge section happens once followed by repeat of chorus

Strophic Form

Amazing Grace Bob Dylan Masters of War repeated poetic lines (strophes)= same music but different words. words generally tell a story to repeated lines (strophes) of music

Through Composed

The Erlking Imogen Heaps hide and seek west side story a boy like that defies a set structure rather it tells a story which we follow from beginning to end no catchy chorus section to speak of often a few moments of different song forms put together in one larger song

American Musical Theater

beginnings Minstrelsy and Vaudeville

Minstrelsy

Blackface, patronizing black experience in America Plantation life slavery reconstruction thru 1920s

Al Jolson

white performer very famous and known for entertaining in blackface 1920s- late 1940s

Vaudeville

skits of varying kinds no plot one skit may be minstrel song in blackface or a blackface skit but it's a variety of different acts also with trained animals slap stick humor etc

West Side Story

music Leonard Bernstein lyrics Stephen Sondheim

sadc

hjib