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27 Cards in this Set

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Benjamin Bloom

He was the psychologist who developed a Taxonomy of the Cognitive Domain

Parts of the new Bloom’s Taxonomy of the Cognitive Domain
What are remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating?
Jerome Bruner

This American psychologist identified enactive, iconic, and symbolic modes of representation in the learning process.

Jean Piaget

This Swiss biologist developed a highly influential stage theory that maps out map out the mental abilities of children from childhood until adulthood.

Parts of Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

Sensorimotor, preoperational, formal operations, and concrete operations?

Howard Gardner

This Harvard psychologist developeda Theory of Multiple Intelligences.

Parts of Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences

His Theory of Multiple Intelligences suggests “multiple pathways for the learner’s processing of the world: linguistic, musical, logical-mathematical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, and intrapersonal” (M&T p. 120). He has recently suggested naturalist and existential/spiritual to the list of intelligences.

Lev Vygotsky

This educational theorist suggested that most knowledgeable others should use "building blocks" and "scaffolding" to better teach (music to) students.

Shinichi Suzuki

This famous Japanese string pedagogue encouraged the belief that a child who " “hears good music...and learns to play it himself...developed sensitivity, discipline and endurance.”

Albert Einstein

This famous 20th Century physicist who was known for his theory of relativity claimed that "music was the driving force behind [his] intuition. [His] discovery was the result of musical perception."

Constructivism

This educational philosophy is based on the belief that the “process of learning … results from the reconstruction of principles of a subject by students themselves, allowing them to shape their experiences into new information that is both relevant and meaningful to them.”

B. F. Skinner

This theorist’s operational conditioningtheory suggests that “behaviors that are reinforced are likely to recur” (M&T p. 117)

Guido D’Arezzo

This 11th Century Benedictine monk created a system of solmization based on the hymn “Ut Queant Laxis” using the hand as a tactile reference for pitches (M&T p. 45)

Martin Luther

This famous religious leader was very influenced by music at a very young age. He was a big advocate for children's music education, devotional practice in music, and believed that "moral, temperamental, intellectual, and spiritual nature of people improved through performance." He believed that music is a wonderful gift from God, and it should be used in a devotional practice. He also believed that the moral, intellectual, and spiritual nature of people improves through performance.

Aristotle

A student of Plato, he “wrote of art as the realization in external form of a true idea, an expression and reinterpretation of what exists in life.” (M&T p. 20-21).

Confucius

“If you would know if a people be well governed (and), if its laws be good or bad, (then) examine the music it practices.” Promoted the study of the Six Arts—ritual, music, archery, chariot-riding, calligraphy, and computation—to achieve this goal (M&T p. 20).

Plato

“Believed that children who learned music became more civilized and grew into a harmonic balance between themselves and their world” (M&T p. 20).

John Dewey

Leading 20th Century philosopher who “argued that aesthetic enjoyment should not be the privilege of the few but rather a vital component of education for the common good of all” (M&T p. 25). Influenced the idea of child-centered learning.

Paolo Freire

This Brazilian educator’s “stance on the ‘pedagogy of the oppressed’ was important to the Brazilian belief in a cultural democracy, which led to Brazilian popular music being honored as valued knowledge in schools (M&T p. 67).

Zoltan Kodaly

This Hungarian composer “spent the greater part of his life advocating and inspiring the development of a solid national system of music education for children and youth. This method continues to be used world-wide for the teaching of music.

Christopher Small

This Australian sociologist coined the term “‘musicking’ to refer to the act by which people participate in a musical performance—as performers, as listeners, or as anyone who played a part i making the performance happen” (M&T p. 18).

What 19-20th century events and inventions had large impacts on music education?

The Industrial Revolution (mass produced, cheap instruments), cars (social mobility), radios/TV (social awareness), WW I & II (large number of people needing jobs, going into music education).

New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards

This state-level policy provideS local school districts with clear and specific benchmarks for student achievement in nine content areas. The standards define a "Thorough and Efficient Education" as guaranteed in 1875 by the New Jersey Constitution.

New Jersey Professional Teaching Standards

These state-level standards “describe what every education professional in New Jersey should know and be able to do.”

Framework for 21st Century Learning

This national-level framework developed by a consortium of education and business organizations claims to focus “on 21st century student outcomes… that will help students master the multi-dimensional abilities required in the 21st century and beyond.”

Federal IDEA act

This federal law ensues “services to children with disabilities throughout the nation. IDEA governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to eligible school-aged citizens with disabilities.

Common Core State Standards

This policy reflects New Jersey’s response to the Common Core Standards in mathematics and English language arts/literacy (ELA).