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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Articles of Confederation
The first constitution of the United States.
Shay's Rebellion (1786)
Revolt of poor farmers in Western MA that helped spur the development of the Constitution.
The War of 1812
War between the US and the British Empire over expansion into the northwest and trade restrictions.
The Monroe Doctrine (1823)
The region was no longer considered to be subject to future colonization by European settlerss
The Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney's machine the spurred development of both agriculture and industry.
Manifest Destiny
The idea that the United States was destined to expand across the North American continent.
Missouri Compromise (1820-1821)
Maine entered as a free state and Missouri as a slave state to maintain balance. Slavery prohibited in all western territories north of the southern border of Missouri.
The Gold Rush
Discovery of gold greatly increased the population of CA and led CA to apply for statehood as a free state.
Compromise of 1850
New territories would now decide the matter of slavery on their own.
Popular Sovereignty
Power to the people.
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
Repealed the Missouri Compromise and allowed those states to decide slavery for themselves.
Dred Scott Case 1857
Supreme Court ruled that slaves residing in free states or territories were still slaves and that Congress did not have the authority to exclude slavery from a territory.
The Civil War (1861-1865)
11 Southern States succeeded from the Northern States and formed the Confederate States of America. Confederate General Robert E Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865.
Southern states were readmitted to the Union.
Emancipation Proclamation 1862
Freed all slaves in territories still in rebellion.
Spanish-American War 1898
After the American frontier was completed in 1890, economic expansionists looked overseas to ensure continued political power leading to colonization in Cuba and the Philippines.
President Theodore Roosevelt
His work was aimed at restraining monopolies and promoting economic competition.
President Woodrow Wilson
Advocated stronger measures to break up large corporations whose leaders sought to justify the unequal distribution of wealthy (survival of the fittest).
World War I
Americans entered on the side of England when Germany was seen as threatening US interests.
League of Nations
Forerunner of the United Nations
The Roaring Twenties
A period marked by great prosperity due to increased consumer sales, consumer credit and the growth of the advertising industry. Suburbs grew faster than the major cities for the first time. At this time women gained the right to vote.
The Great Depression
Events leading up to the Stock Market crash on October 29, 1929 include: a depressed farm economy, failure of banks, decline in new construction and sagging auto sales.
The New Deal
Pres. Franklin Roosevelt's program for domestic reform and relief. Include programs of agriculture and business regulation, inflation, price stabilization and public workds.
World War II
US placed on the allied side promising supplies to Britain in exchange for goods and services after the war. Isolationism was broken after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Increased industrial output during the war stimulated the economy and helped the US out of the Depression.
President Harry Truman
Tried to extend the New Deal with social security extensions and farm housing for more people.
The Cold War
Led to anti-communist sentiments in the US. Imprisonment of American Communist party leaders and senate hearings by Joseph McCarthy to root out Communists.
President Dwight Eisenhower
Sought to balance the budget and lower taxes but slow economic growth made this difficult. During this time, the suburbs grew six times faster than the cities.
Brown vs Board of Education
Supreme Court ruling in 1954 that "separate but equal" public schools were unconstitutional.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Organized bus boycotts, along with sit-ins and freedom rides, led to the passing of the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act.
The Iron Curtain
The division of Europe after World War II. The Berlin Wall was a long time symbol of this division.
The Vietnam War
The communist North fought against the non-communist South. The US withdrew in 1969.
President Richard Nixon (Watergate)
After being impeached Nixon resigned in 1973 over a series of scandals involving abuse of power, political espionage, illegal wiretapping and corporate contributions in return for legal favors. The effect loss of confidence in public officials and an increased general suspicion of government agencies.
President Jimmy Carter
Common-sense Democrat whose appeal was over-shadowed by increased Soviet aggression, high inflation and the Iran Hostage crisis.
President Ronald Reagan
"Supply-side economics" geared towards reducing taxes for high income individuals and reducing the size of the federal government by cutting social programs that benefited the poor and disadvantaged. The appearance of crack cocaine during the time led to gang violence and the isolation of the ghettos.
Ancient Greek Civilization
Conquest of Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE, spread of language and the existence of Greek roots in many English words shows the importance of this era.