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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Op Art

-also known as Optical Art

-aspired to create art for enjoyment

-aspired to play with perception

-many believe that it ended in 1965 but it can be argued that it has continued with artists like Greg Payce and Rob Mulholland

Abstract Expressionism

-post WWII American art movement

-American begins to become the center of the art world with Abstract Expressionism

-many had worked for the WPA painting murals

-it is a spontaneous painting style in which artists physically engaged with the canvas

-mostly male dominated because it was associated with aggression

-many Abstract Expressionists didn't care for labeling their art

-included Lee Krasner, Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning, Elaine de Kooning, Hans Hoffman, Robert Motherwell and Franz Kline (to name a few)

German Propaganda during WWII

-Nazis were against "Degenerate Art" (abstract expressionism etc.)

-Hated anything that wasn't classical or pastoral

-commissioned works that showcased the Aryan wholesome family and lifestyle

- propaganda dedicated to the Nazi party's beliefs

-includes artists such as Adolf Wissels

WWII and post-WWII Fashion

-in Europe during WWII rationing reduced the amount of fabric used in women's clothing in particular (dresses shorter, less sleeves)

-Hats become popular to spruce up boring dresses

-meanwhile in Hollywood dresses were lavish and larger than life

-Christian Dior brings back structured clothing during the 1940's ("The New Look") small waist, full skirt, gloves

-Clare MacCardell starts the "New American Look", more affordable but still elegant, clothing for everyday life of women

First Nations Art

-Includes artists such as Brian Jungen, Norval Morrisseau, and Benjamin Chee Chee

-appropriation vs referencing Native American art: appropriation is disrespectful, akin to plagiarism while referencing is more respectful meaning you studied the culture before referencing it in your art


-began in Zurich during WWI

-anti-war, anti-art, anti-establishment

-foundation of surrealism and pop art

New Realism

-interested in portraying the opposite of the FSA (which was photographing human suffering)

-wanted to be idealistic, a "new hope"

includes artists such as: Grant Wood, Thomas Hart Benton, and Ad Reinhardt

Hyper/Super Realism and Photo Realism

-paintings which appear like photographs challenging the perception of what is real

-often portrays elements from popular mass culture (e.g food, American diners etc.)

-sometimes these elements are symbols of social critique

Includes artists such as: Audrey Flack, Chuck Close, Christopher and Mary Pratt, Alex Colville, and Richard Estes

Young British Artists

-born in the 1960s and graduating in the late 1980's and 1990

-focus on shock value

-appropriated environments that aren't usually associated with art (e.g warehouses)

-combination of sublime and capitalist commentary

Includes artists such as Damien Hirst


-removes suggestions of metaphors of any kind, distancing themselves from Realists and Abstract Expressionists

-draw attention to spatial experience (how the piece and viewer function in space)

-informed by Zen Buddhist aesthetics

Includes artists such as: Harvey Littleton, Frank Stella (at one point in his career), Donald Judd, Frank Lloyd Wright, Philip Johnson, Luis Barragan, Carl Andre and Dave Chihuly

Graffiti Art/Neo-Expressionism

-taking graffiti from the street to the gallery

-graphics and repetitive motifs which are read by other graffiti artists like a language

-associated with neo-expressionism

Artists include: Jean Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring

Pop Art

-blurs the line between "high" and "low" art by immortalizing everyday elements of popular culture

-by portraying elements of popular culture (comic books, Campbell soup cans) social commentary was being made

-elements of repetition that mimics mass manufacturing

Includes artists such as: Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, and Roy Lichtenstein


-critiques modern ideals

-departure from Modernism

-remixes the old

Body and Land Art

-body art is to become one with the land and to leave imprints of one's body temporarily in the land

-Connection to nature, comes from Ana Mendieta's "earth-body" works

-land art (or earthworks) uses materials from nature to create art which are linked with the land

-ephemeral artworks are created in land art so that eventually the art work will become one with the land again

Includes artists such as: Andy Goldsworthy, Robert Smithson, and Ana Mendieta


-includes "happenings" and performance art

-sought to change the history of the world rather than the history of art

-looks for multiple ways to bring art to the masses subverting the idea of "high" art

Conceptual Art

-the idea and process are more important than the finished product

-aesthetics, expression and skill are irrelevant

-the readymade, dematerialisation and institutional critique are utilized

Includes artists such as Sol LeWitt and Dan Graham


-explores the psychological ideas of Freud

-coined by French

-most Surrealist artists were socialists and communists

-associated with Dadaism except it wasn't nihilistic

-Locations: Paris, Brussels, Italy, and Mexico

Includes artists such as Francis Bacon and Leonora Carrington

Magic Realism

-coined by Germans

-about fables, creating your own fables and Carl Jung's idea of the collective consciousness

-unusual perspectives of real spaces

-reality vs parallel reality

-Locations: Berlin, Munich, Dresden

Includes artists such as: Frida Kahlo, Leonor Fini, and Remedios Varo