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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What is the definition of anatomy

The study of structure

What is the definition of physiology

How it functions

What is the definition of Anatomy and physiology?

The structure and how it functions.

Identify the standard anatomical position

The body upright legs close feet flat palms facing forward

What are the 2 major anatomical regions of the body?

Axial and appendicular

What is the cervical dislocation and what part of the body would it affect?

The vertebrae (neck)

What carpal tunnel syndrome and what part of the body does it affect?

The wrist

What is supine and prone

Supine is facing up

Prone is facing down

What is a serious membrane?

Double layered membrane with fluid on the inside.

What is the membrane that surrounds the lungs?

Plural membrane

What is homeostasis

Study internal environment which the body works best

What is the membrane that surrounds the heart?


What is the order of the levels of organization of the human body?







What concept is included in the organelle level?

Molecules of different types come together to form organelles the structure component of cells

What is matter?

Anything that takes up space and mass

What orbits the atom


Describe the atomic number

Number of protons for each element is fixed and indicated by the atomic number

What is a covalent bond

Two or more atoms share electrons

Describe the hypertonic solution?

More concentrated with solutes than other solution

What is acid?

Molecules that releases hydrogen ion when added to water

What is a base?

Accepts hydrogen ion

4 types of organic molecules




Nucleus acid

What is the function of protein

Give strength

Transport other molecules

Fight for invaders

Acid in chemical reactions

Regulate body

Allows concentration of muscle

Hold cells together

What is the function of lipids

Stored energy

Regulate the body give structure to the cell

Regulate what goes on and out

What is metabolism

The sum total of all chemical reactions that takes place in the body

What is ATP

Usable form of energy for the cell

What organelle regulates what enters and exits the cell

Cell membrane

What is mitosis

Division of all cells except for sperm and egg

How many chromosomes does the daughter cell have after mitosis


What is histology

Study of tissue

What is hypertrophy

Individual cell grow bigger increase in size

What is hyperplasia

More cell production

What is neoplasia

Uncontrollable growth

What is malignant neoplasm

Cells that break off and travel to other part of the body