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8 Cards in this Set

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-trimethylxanthine alkaloid w/ mild diuretic and stimulant properties

-theobromine, similar secondary product found in chocolate and cola, stronger diuretic

-important calming agent; 250-300mg caffeine calm overactive child, 1973 study


-small tree native to highlands of ethiopia

-fruit two seeded red berry

-seeds "beans", of fruit are extracted, fermented, dried and roasted


-large shrub, native to SE Asia, cultivated in china, japan, sri lanka and india

-evidence for use as beverage dates back at least 3000 years in china

-british later dominated European trade in green (and later black) tea, by 1790s over 20 million pounds of tea shipped annually to england

-produced from new, young leaves, hand harvested

-shrubs pruned back to facilitate harvesting, promote new growth

-green tea; partially shredding, quickly drying leaves

-black tea: leaves slowly dried for one day, shredded, dry slowly under cool damp conditions, material then dried or fired - black colour


-medium sized tree, native to sub tropical SA

-tea-like beverage produced from dried leaves of the tree

-young, newly emergent leaves are clipped, dried, and ground into powder

-popular caffeinated beverage in SA

-served in traditional cap (mate) fashioned from a dried gourd

-1/3 filled with powdered leaf, rest hot water

liquid then drawn through metal straw-strainer, bombilla


-large, 30m high holly tree native to amazonian forest of northern peru an adjacent ecuador

-closely related yerba mate tree

-highest known caffeine content

-used ritualistically by achuar jivaro people, men drink up to 2 litres/day, men much less

-heavy doses caffeine, lead to number of adverse effects; severe headache, bloodshot eyes, even mild hallucinations

-men avoid symptoms by inducing vomiting 45 min after binge drinking


-small understory tree native to tropical SA widely cultivated in west aftica

-initial stage of chocolate production, beans are extracted from mature fruit, fermented for a few days

-fermented seeds sun dried

-fermentation and drying steps are critical, result in chemical changes

-dried beans stored, shipped NA and Europe for processing

-chocolate contains 2-3% theobromine, stimulant similar to caffeine

-oldest evidence of chocolate consumption, mayan drinking it 1500 ya

-1st major shipment of cocoa, 1585


-medium sized tree native to humid tropical rainforests of west-central africa

-closely related to cocoa tree

-pod-like fruit contains 8-12 bitter tasting seeds

-principle stimulant is caffeine, theobromine is also present

-cola flavouring, extracted from cola using hot water

-beans chewed as oral stimulant in west africa, particularly Niger and Nigeria

-beans initially bitter tasting, sweeter as they're chewed

-mild stimulant to relive hunger pais, relief of various ailments


woody climbing plant

native tropical SA

initially used by Satere Maue tribe Amazonian Brazil to produce caffeinated beverages

roasted red/black seeds high in caffeine

cultivated widely as shrub in manaus region amazonian brazil

carbonated beverages containing guarana very popular in brazil

main stimulant ingredient in "high energy" beverages