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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
T: Antiarrhythmics, inotropics
P: Digitalis glycosides
TE: Increased cardiac output and slowing of the heart rate
A: Increases the force of myocardial contraction. Prolongs refractory period of the AV node. Decreases conduction through the SA and AV nodes.
D:0.5-1 mg 6-12 hr interval(IV) 0.75-1.5 mg 6-12 hr interval(PO)
SE: Fatigue, headache, weakness, blurred vision, yellow or green vision, arrhythmias, bradycardia, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, thrombocytopenia
-docusate calcium (DC softgels, Dioctocal, Sulfolax, Surfak)
-docusate sodium (Colace, Docusoft, Ex-Lax)
T: Laxatives
P: Stool softeners
TE: Softening and passage of stool
A: Promotes incorporation of water into stool, resulting in softer fecal mass. May promote electrolyte and H20 secretion into the colon.
D: Ca- 240 mg once daily (PO)
Na- 50-500 mg 1X a day (PO)
50-100 mg
SE: Throat irritation, mild cramps, rashes.
-Coumadin, Warfilone
T: Anticoagulants
P: Coumarins
TE: Prevention of thromboembolic events
A: Interferes with hepatic synthesis of Vitamin-K dependent clotting factors
D: 2.5-10 mg/day for 2 days (PO,IV)
SE: Cramps, nausea, dermal necrosis, bleeding, fever.
-Amoxil, Apo-Amoxi, DisperMox, Novamoxin, Nu-Amoxi, Trimox, Wymox
T: Anti-infectives, antiulcer agents
P: Aminopenicillins
TE: Bactericidal action; spectrum is broader than penicillins
A: Binds to bacterial wall, causing cell death
D: 250-500 mg q8h or 500-875 q12h (PO)
SE: Seizures, pseduomembranous colitis, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, elevated liver enzymes, rashes, urticaria, blood dyscrasias, anaphylaxis, serum sickness, superinfection
-Apo-Atenolol, Novo-Atenolol, Tenormin
T: Antianginals, anti-hypertensices
P: Beta blockers
TE: Decreased blood pressure and HR. Decreased frequency of attacks of angina pectoris. Prevention of MI.
A: Blocks stimulation of beta 1 (myocardial)-adrenergic receptors.
D: Anti-anginal- 50 m 1X/day
Anti-hyp- 25-50 mg 1X/day
MI- 50 mg every 12 hrs
SE: Fatigue, weakness, anxiety,impotence
-Endocan, Oxycodan, percodan, percodan-Demi, Roxiprin
T: Opiod analgesics
P: Opiod agonists, (non)opiod analgesic combinations
TE: Decreased pain
A: Bind to opiate receptors in the CNS. Alter teh perception of and response to painful stimuli while producting generalized CNS depression.
D: 5-10 mg q3-4h (PO)
10-40 mg 3-4X a day
SE: Confusion, sedation, constipation
-Cordrol, Deltasone, Liquid Pred, Meticorten, Orasone, Panasol-S, Prednicen-M
T: Antiasthmatics, corticosteriods
P: Corticosteroids
TE: Suppression of inflammation and modification of the normal immune response. Replacement therapy in adrenal insufficiency.
A: Suppress inflammation and the normal immune response.
D: 5-60 mg/day (PO)
4-60 mg/day (IV,IM)
SE: Depression, euphoria,hypertension, anorexia, nausea, acnes, decreased wound healing, eccymoses, fragility, hirsutism, petechiae, adrenal suppression, muscle wasting, osteoporosis, cushingoid apprearance
-Fortamet, Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Novo-Metformin, Riomet
T: Antidiabetics
P: Biguanides
TE: Maintenance of blood glucose
A: Decreases hepatic glucose production. Decreases intestinal glucose absorption. Increases sensitivity to insulin.
D: 500 mg 2X/day (PO)
SE: Abdominal bloating, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting
T: Lipid-lowering agents
P: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
TE: Lowering of total and LDL cholesterol. Increase HDL and decrease VLDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Slowing of the progression of coronary artery disease with resultant decrease in MI/stroke and need for myocardial revascularization.
A: Inhibit enzyme HMG-CoA reductase, which is responsible fro catalyzing an early step in the synthesis of cholesterol.
D: 10-20 mg 1X/day (PO)
SE: Abdominal cramps, constipation, diarrhea, flatus, heartburn, rashes
-Apo-Furosemide, Furoside, Lasix, Lasix Special, Myrosemide, Novosemide, Uritol
T: Diuretics
P: loop diuretics
TE: Diuresis and subsequent mobilization of excess fluid. Decreased BP.
A: Inhibits the reabsorption of Na and chloride from the loop of Henle and distal renal tubule. May have renal and peripheral vasodilatory effects. Effectiveness persists in impaired renal function.
D: edema-20-80 mg repeat 6-8 h
IM,IV: 20-40 mg repeat 2 h
Hprten-40 mg 2X/day
Hprcal- 120 mg/day 3 doses
IM,IV: 80-100 mg repeat 2
SE: Dehydration, hypochloremia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, hypovolemia, metabolic alkalosis
T: Antihypertensives
P: ACE inhibitors
TE: Lowers BP, decrease development of overt <3 failure, increased survival after MI.
A: Management of hypertension
D: 5-10 mg 1X/day
mt: 20-40mg/day
SE: Cough, hypotension, taste disturbances, proteinuria
-Apo-Cephalex, Keflex, Novo-Lexin, Nu-Cephalex, Panixine
T: Anti-infectives
P: 1st-generation cephalosporins
TE: Bactericidal action against susceptible bacteria.
A: Bind to bacterial cell wall membrane, causing cell death.
D: 250-500mg q6h (PO)
SE: Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, rashes, phlebitis, anaphylaxis, serum sickness
T: Antipyretics, nonopioid analgesics
P: Salicylates
TE: Analgesia, reduction of inflammation and fever, decreased incidence of TIA and MI.
A: Produce analgesia and reduce inflammation and fever by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins.
D: Pain-2.4g/day
Inflam- 80-100 mg/kg/day
SE: Dyspepsia, epigastric distress, heartburn, nausea, anaphylaxis, laryngeal edema