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25 Cards in this Set

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Order: Monotremata

6 Species


Exemplar Species: Platypus, Echidna


Distribution: Australia & New Guinea


Ecology: Aquatic, ground dwelling, or fossorial


Characteristics: Only egg-laying mammals, have no teeth as adults and have electrosensory receptors.

Order: Metatheria

331 Species


Included Species: Kangaroos, wallabies, koalas, wombats


Distribution: Australia, Southeast Asia, Americas


Ecology: Cosmopolitan


Characteristics: Gives birth to altrical young, can develop embryonic diapause

Order: Didelphimorpha

Opossums

OrderL Diprotodontia

Possums, Koala, Wombats, wallabies, kangaroos

Order: Xenarthra



31 Species


Exemplar Species: Two-toed sloth, Giant anteater, armadillo


Distribution: South America


Ecology: Arboreal or Cursorial; largely in tropical or desert areas


Characteristics: Much more diverse in past, included giant armadillo-like Glyptodonts

Order: Lagomorpha

91 Species


Exemplar Species: Pika, Brush Rabbit


Distribution: Cosmopolitan


Ecology: Saltatory, in a wide range of habitats


Characteristics: a distinct in that they have two pairs of upper incisors, one directly posterior to the other pair.

Order: Rodentia

2277 Species


Exemplar Species: Fox squirrel, yellow-bellied marmot, flying squirrel


Distribution: Cosmopolitan


Ecology: Cursorial, arboreal, fossorial, semi-aquatic, wide range of habitats


Characteristics: The most speciose mammalian group, rodents have sharp teeth and strong jaw muscles.

Order: Primates

376 Species


Exemplar Species: Saddleback tamarin, cinnamon monkey, baboon


Distribution: Cosmopolitan


Ecology: Arboreal, ground-dwelling


Characteristics: Most primates are omnivores, but some specialize eating sap or insects

Order: Liptophyla

542 Species


Exemplar Species: Broad-footed mole, shrew


Distribution: Cosmopolitan


Ecology: Generally ground-dwelling and burrowing sometimes arboreal, sometimes semi-aquatic


Characteristics: Generally small, eating a variety of invertebrate prey

Order: Chiroptera

1120 Species


Exemplar Species: Pallid bat, Big brown bat, Flying fox


Distribution: Cosmopolitan


Ecology: Aerial, largely nocturnal


Characteristics: Lateral skin developed into web called the patagium. uses echolocation, evolved flapping motion like birds

Order: Carnivora

286 Species


Distribution: Cosmopolitan


Ecology: Extremely varied, Cursorial, arboreal, aquatic


Characteristics: Although secondarily lost or modified, all carnivores have a set of cutting teeth, carnassials formed by the upper premolar

Family: Procyonidae

Exemplar Species: Racoon

Family: Urisdae

Black Bear

Family: Canidae

Red fox, Coyote, Domestic dog

Family: Hyenidae

Spotted Hyena

Family: Felidae

Bobcat, Domestic Cat

Family: Mephitidae

Striped Skunk

Family: Mustelidae

Sea otter

Family: Otariidae

Sea Lion

Family: Phocidae

Harbor seal, Elephant seal

Order: Artiodactyla

241 Species


Distribution: Cosmopolitan


Ecology: Cursorial


Characteristics: Artiodactyls are characterized by having an even number of digits. May have antlers or horns. True horns are not shed, and may be present in both sexes.

Family: Suidae

Pig, Wild Boar

Family: Tayassuidae

Peccary

Family: Bovidae

Cow, Domestic Goat, Bighorn Sheep

Family: Antilocapridae

Pronghorn Atnelope