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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the Apgar score and how is it used?
It is a system of scoring an infant's physical condition 1 and 5 minutes after birth. Heart rate, respiration, color, muscle tone, and response to stimuli are rated 0, 1, or 2. The maximum total score is 10.
What is hydrocephalus?
An accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain.
What is placenta previa?
Placental implantation over the cervical os (opening) or in the lower region of the uterine wall.
What is pyloric stenosis?
A narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum.
What is fibrocystic disease?
Small sacs of tissue and fluid are found in the breast. This is a common benign condition of the breast.
Describe endometriosis.
Endometrial tissue is found in abnormal locations, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, supporting ligaments, or small intestine.
What is erythroblastosis fetalis?
Hemolytic disease in the newborn caused by a blood group (Rh factor) incompatibility between the mother and the fetus.
What is carcinoma of the cervix?
Malignant cells within the cervix (cervical cancer).
Describe hyaline membrane disease.
Respiratory problem primarily in the premature neonate; lack of protein in the lining of the lung tissue causes collapse of the lungs. This condition is also known as respiratory distress syndrome.
Describe carcinoma of the breast.
A malignant tumor of the breast (arising from milk glands and ducts).
What is kernicterus?
Is high levels of bilirubin in the bloodstream of a neonate; leads to brain damage and mental retardation.
What is an ectopic pregnancy?
Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location.
Describe what a choriocarcinoma is.
A malignant tumor of the pregnant uterus. The tumor may appear following pregnancy or abortion.
What is an abruptio placentae?
A premature separation of the implanted placenta.
What is pelvic inflammatory disease? (PID)
Inflammation in the pelvic region; salpingitis.
What is preeclampsia?
A condition that occurs during pregnancy or shortly after and is marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, and edema. If seizures occur, the condition is known as eclampsia or toxemia.
Describe Down syndrome.
Chromosomal abnormality (trisomy-21) results in mental retardation, retarded growth, a flat face with a short nose, low-set ears, and slanted eyes.
Describe what ovarian cysts are.
Collections of fluid within a sac (cyst) in the ovary.
What are fibroids?
Benign tumors in the uterus.
Describe what carcinoma of the endometrium (endometrial cancer) is.
A malignant tumor of the uterus (inner lining).
What is ovarian carcinoma?
Malignant tumor of the ovary (adenocarcinoma).
What is cervicitis?
Inflammation of the cervix.