Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the juvenile justice system? What does it do?
Responsible for controlling and correcting the behavior of troubled juveniles
How were juvenile handled by society before the founding of the juvenile court?
add later
Which juveniles were targeted before the founding of the juvenile court and why?
Immigrants and the poor
Who engineered the founding of the court, and what philosophy did they follow?
Middle and upper class female reformers, positivist school
Describe the early juvenile court
add later
What was the thinking behind the development of the first houses of refuge?
Industrialization, urbanization, family model
When were reformatories developed, and what were their goals?
Mid nineteenth century, schooling and labor
Describe the cottage system.
Rural Values, rural areas
Describe the history of juvenile probation up to the present.
add later
What is the definition of aftercare? Describe its history.
Focused on how to best deal with the problems of youthful offenders after their relase from a juvenile facility.
What are the historical themes of juvenile justice?
Discovering the child
Increased authority of the state
Reform and retrenchment
Get tough and go soft approaches
Threat of the dangerous poor
The unsolvable nature of youth crime
Discovering the child
The special needs of juveniles were never considered, children were forced to take on adult roles, and the "age of responsibility" began to be debated
Increased authority of the state
The state began to step in after the colonial period. Parens patriae doctrine- the right of the crown to intervene in family affairs. Divorce and dysfunction keeps the state4 involved.
Reform and retrenchment
We can not make up our minds. Thomas J. Bernard
Get tough and go soft
Get tough: serious offenders, punishment, and purposeful activity Go soft: 1960's least restrictive, status offenses, keep out of system, procedural safeguards
Threat of the dangerous poor
Late 1800s, proverty, race
What is meant by the Unsolvable Nature of Youth Crime?
Unlimited progress, eliminate long-standing problems,
What are the juvenile justice agencies?
3 subsystems: The police, the juvenile court, and corrections
What are the functions of each juvenile justice agency?
Police: Basic responsibility is to enforce teh law and maintain order
Juvenile courts: Make decisions, deal with child neglect adn dependency cases, and monitor the performance of juveniles who have been adjudicated delinquent or status offenders.
Corrections: Responsible for the care of juvenile offenders sentenced by the courts
Differences between the juvenile and adult justice systems
Box 1.3, P. 18
Similarties with the juvenile and adult justice systems?
Operating assumptions
Law enforcement
What happens at each stage of juvenile justice processing?
Different philosophies used in juvenile justice?
Four models: The treatment model, the justice model, the crime model, and the balanced and restorative model
Treatment Model
add later
Justice Model
add later
Crime Control Model
add later
Balanced and Restorative Justice Model
add later