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12 Cards in this Set

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the study of the shape and the geological features of the ocean floor
geological oceanography
Encompasses seawater composition and the related biochemical cycles
chemical oceanography
deals with the properties of temperature, density and pressure of seawater
physical oceanography

involves the study of the plants and animals of the sea, including life cycles and food production.


marine science/oceanography
a natural or hollow place containing water
basin
someone who makes maps and charts
cartographers
The man who built the first chronometer, a time piece that is used to determine longitude.
John Harrison
The first person to use worldwide patterns of surface winds & currents to base sailing directions. Considered by many to be the "Father of Physical Oceanography."
Matthew Maury
Made contributions to oceanography such as the "Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs." Was also conductor of the longest continuous oceanographic survey.
Charles Darwin

-Name of the longest continuous oceanographic survey, which spanned from December 1872 to May 1876.


-first purely scientific oceanographic expedition


- essential in establishing oceanography as a science

Challenger
one of Earth's most valuable living and nonliving resources, such as food and crude oil
ocean resources
branch of Earth science with a focus on oceans and seas
oceanography