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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Define Anatomy

The science of body structures.

Define Physiology

The science of body functions.

Six Levels of Structural Organization

1. Chemical


2. Cellular


3. Tissue


4. Organ


5. System


6. Organism

Eleven Systems of the Human Body

1. Integumentary


2. Skeletal


3. Muscular


4. Nervous


5. Endocrine


6. Cardiovascular


7. Lymphatic and Immunity


8. Respiratory


9. Digestive


10. Reproductive


11. Urinary

Anatomical Position

-Upright/erect


-Facing observer


-Head level/eyes forward


-Feet flat on floor and directed forward


-Arms at sides/palms turned forward

Five Body Regions

-Head


-Neck


-Trunk


-Upper limb


-Lower limb

Opposite of Superior

Inferior

Opposite of Medial

Lateral

Opposite of Proximal

Distal

Opposite of Anterior

Posterior

Opposite of Superficial

Deep

Opposite of Ipsilateral

Contralateral

Define Sagittal

Divides body into right and left sides.

Define Midsagittal

Divides body into equal right and left sides.

Define Parasagittal

Divides body into unequal right and left sides.

Define Frontal (Coronal)

Divides body into anterior and posterior portions.

Define Transverse (Axial)

Divides body into superior and inferior portions.

Define Oblique

Divides the body through an angle.

Four Body Cavities

1. Cranial


2. Vertebral


3. Thoracic


4. Abdominal Pelvic

Abdominopelvic Regions (9)

1. Right hypochondriac


2. Epigastric


3. Left hypochondriac


4. Right lumbar


5. Umbilical


6. Left lumbar


7. Right iliac


8. Hypogastric


9. Left iliac

Abdominopelvic Quadrants (4)

1. Right upper quadrant (RUQ)


2. Left upper quadrant (LUQ)


3. Right lower quadrant (RLQ)


4. Left lower quadrant (LLQ)