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17 Cards in this Set

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Pilgrims (Separatists)

1. humble English farmers




2. began in the early 1600’s in Scooby Manor, a small community in North London




3. they left England for religious reasons

Joint-stock company

1. business organization




2. scores of people could invest without fear of bankruptcy

Jamestown

1. founded in 1607




2. First permanent English colony




3. was rough at times




4. many people died and were attacked by Indians




5. they turned to cannibalism

John Smith

1. saved the Jamestown settlement




2. forced settlers to work to eat




3. fought in the Hungarian Army

The "Starving Time"

1. winter of 1607-1610




2. some settlers became cannibals just to survive




3. Native Americans harassed the settlers livestock and destroyed their crops which led to starving time

Tobacco "Stinking Weed"

1. John Rolfe made a mild version of tobacco




2. Made Virginians wealthy




3. Convinced the King that English smoking is ok




4. Massively helped Jamestown

House of Burgesses

1. elective representative assembly




2. created 1618




3. created by Sandys




4. Located in VIrginia

Headright

1. 50 acre lot given to settlers




2. small rent




3. given more land if slaves were brought too

Indentured Servants

1. promised land




2. most often cheated




3. travel to the New World was paid for




4. Usually died before their debt was payed off

Mayflower Compact

1. used to keep peace between the pilgrims and settlers in New England




2. “...covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politick”

Puritans

1. product of Protestant Reformation




2. accepted a Calvinist nation




3. heavily followed their religion




4. stayed with the Church of England




5. left England for New England




6. Tried to purify the Church of England from the inside

John Winthrop

1. governor of Massachusetts Bay




2. decided hostilities were God’s way of punishing tobacco planters for their worldliness




3. secretly signed the Cambridge Agreement

"A City on a Hill"

1. Created by John Winthrop




2. They believed they had to be an extremely religious city as God commanded.




3. Everyone who was religious enough had full freedom.




4. Public confessions and execution were required.




5. The leaders ruled under God’s name.

Roger Williams

1. Extreme separatism.




2. Preached that it was wrong to execute in God’s name.




3. Exiled from Massachusetts to Rhode Island

Anne Hutchinson

1. Created Antinomianism.




2. Scandalized orthodox leaders of the church and state.




3. She suggested some had lost their touch with the Holy Spirit.




4. She was exiled from Massachusetts to Rhode Island.

Quakers (Society of Friends)

1. Belief in extreme Antinomianism.




2. Saw no need for learned ministry because one person’s interpretation of the Scripture was as a valid as anyone else’s.




3. Many were still jailed between 1995 and 1661.

William Penn

1. Lived according to the Inner Light.




2. Penn owned Pennsylvania.




3. Launched a “Holy Experiment” in 1682.




4. Imprisoned for debts.




5. Died in 1718.