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48 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The Athenian Assembly held legislative and judicial power but executive power was held by the Council of 500. True or False?
The answer is false. The Assembly had judicial, legislative, and executive powers. The Council of 500 did set the agenda for the Assembly but it did not have power to make decisions. All judicial, legislative, and executive decisions were made by the Assembly.
What did Polycleitos canon have to do with Greek art?
It defined the ideal proportion of the human figure.
Which of these choices are true regarding Greek drama:



1. Originated in the worship of Dionysus


2. Saw the role of the chorus diminish over time as actors were added


3. Attempted to answer the "big" questions in life


4. Has a chorus of men dressed in goat skins who sang and danced around the alter

All of these are true regarding Greek theater since all other options were characteristics of drama.
Plato believed in two worlds. One of these was the World of Being which is constatnly changing, perfect, where the soul originates, and the world in which we live. True or False?
The answer is false. This statement must be read carefully. The World of Becoming is perfect and the soul does originate there but it is not constantly changing nor is it the world in which we live.

How did Aristotle explained change?

Causation

Which statement is true of Hellenistic philosophies?




1. Hellenistic philosophies were individualistic and were designed to help people cope with change and uncertainty


2. Their goal was more to avoid evil than "to achieve the Good life


3. Philosophers no longer tried to answer the "big questions


4. Philosophies of the period were more concerned with ethics than metaphysics.

All of the statements are true

Idealism is not a characteristic of Hellenistic Art. True or False?

True

Which Statement is true regarding the Romans?1. The Romans did revere their ancestors, their primary duty was to the state


2. The Romans borrowed good ideas and adapted them.


3. The military did play an important role in politics.

All of the choices are correct



What are the two reasons why ancient Roman buildings could be so much bigger than ancient Greek buildings?

Arches and concrete.

Which groups advocated a communal lifestyle, taking no oaths (including that of marriage), and praying in anticipation of the coming of the Messiah?

Essenes

Seeking official sanction from the Roman Emperor was not used by Christians in the development of doctrine. True or False?

True

Did Augustine used Platonic thought in writing his City of God?

Yes

The minaret, mihrab, and fountain. Are all part of a what?

Mosque

What is the name of the medieval governing system which consisted of mutual dependency and obligations?

Vassalage

The Investiture Controversy dealt with disagreements between rulers and the pope over who could appoint bishops in their respective regions. True or False?

True

Who attacked scholasticism by arguing that man can not know God through reason?

William of Ockham

Which humanist believed that man was the master of his own fate and that philosophy prepared the way while religion offers fulfillment in the acquisition of the truth.

Pico

Which language was the lingua franca, the language of power, and the language of the educated?

Latin

Which of these options is true about Romanesque sculpture?


1. Romanesque sculpture was subordinate to architecture


2. Was found on capitals


3. Found in the tympanum.

All of these are true

Cardinals

Anyone could be one they served as the popes advisory council

Caesaropapism

When the state controls the church. This becomes a concern for the ruler and the pope

Gregory VII (Dictatus Papae)

Served 12 years as a pope. He is the first to begin acting like a kind even though he is the pope. He says " The Roman bishop alone is universal, can make new laws, discipline, and throw the Roman empire

Innocent III

Served 18 years as pope. He was so powerful he was able to elect a 4 yr old child as the new Roman emperor. Did not allow anyone to go to church or make sacraments

Boniface VIII ( Unam Sanctum)

He served as pope for 9 yrs. During this time is where the downward spiral of power begins. If you want to go to heaven you are to follow the pope. He has spiritual and temporal power

Bishops

Their job was to administer the dioceses

Priests

Run parishes and are seen as mediators in the salvation of the professes. They were important to the local person

Friars (brothers)



They live and work among the people. Two examples of these people are Franciscans and Dominicans

Donation of Constantine

Document that says the whole western empire is the pope

Great Schism

Period of time where there is more then one pope.

Excommunication

No longer welcomed by Gods grace

Universities

The majors consisted of law, medicine, and theology. Everything was taught in latin

Trivium

Grammer, rhetoric, and logic

Quadrivium

Arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music

"Renaissance" of the Twelfth Century

Economic growth led to growth in towns. Contact with other cultures led to exposure of new ideas

Realist

Accept that universals are real and exist independent of individual object

Nominalists

No real exists, just a name. No real independence

Anselm

Was an extreme realist. He was concerned with two things.


1. Salvation Occurrence


2. Gods existence ( I believe in order to understand)

Scholasticism

Attempt to rationalize revealed theology

Abelard

He was on the verge of nominalism. He believed that if you want to found out the truth you need to doubt; doubt then investigate. Also he has a love affair with Heloise.

Gratian

A law professor who started using the scholastic method in his research and teachings

Peter Lomard


Theology professor

Averroes

Writes extensive commentaries on Aristotle and Plato. Attempts to recognize Aristotelian thought with Islamic faith

Thomas Aquinas

Was a realist who wrote "Summa Theologica" which explains the 5 proofs of Gods existance

William of Ockham

Nominalism, universals do no exist outside of the mind of the knower

Fideism

Knowledge depends on faith or revelation

Transfiguration of Christ

Date: c. 549


Material: Apse Mosaic


Style/Period: Early Western Christian Art


Description: At the top there is a hand reaching down form heaven. The cross represents crucifixion. The 12 sheep represent the disciples and 3 sheep represent Peter, James, and John.

Dome of the Rock

Artist: Umayyad Calph and Abd al Malik


Date: Jerusalem 691


Material: 21k Gold


Style/Period: Islamic Art


Description: Dome built over the rock where Muhammad has his night journey and ascends into heaven. On the inside there is many patterns and geometric shapes



Hagia Sophia

Artist: Justinian


Material: Concrete


Style/Period: Byzantine


Date: 532-537


Description: A church of holy wisdom. "Sophia"=wisdom