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55 Cards in this Set

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control by certain states in western europe of distant areas between 15th and 20th centuries

colonialism

the belief that the amount of wealth in the world is fixed, and that a state should try to gain as much of it as possible at the expense of other states

mercantilism

motive of colonialism concerning luxury items or raw goods

economic motive

motive of colonialism concerning strategic areas or locations

strategic motive

motive of colonialism concerning the spread of religion and brining benefits of western society to a new location

moral motive

a treat in which a line is drawn, spain gets everything west of it, and portugal gets everything east

treaty of tordesillas 1494

form of empire mainly by the dutch and portugal related to coastal regions with a strong economic motive and a weak moral motive

sea empire

form of empire mainly by the spanish dealing with large areas and recreation of political systems in a colonized state


strong moral and economic motive

land empire



form of empire mainly by the british in which large migrations to new territory take place to establish colonies

settler empire

french colonialism

metissage

trade routes between the americas, africa, and europe

trans-atlantic triangle

explosion of intellectual, scientific, or artistic ideas

renaissance or enlightenment

economy where most people work the land and produce their own goods

subsistence economy

movement by english landowners to limit peasants access to common lands

the enclosure movement


(enclosure acts)

random new farming stuff

convertible husbandry

millions of acres of farmland used for mass production of food, large farms, massive population explosion

agriculture revolution

small farmers forced off lands because they cant compete with big farms

detachment

domestic production (weavers spinning cotton at home) cotton plantations in colonies supply cotton, inventions in textile industry

proto-industrialization

liberalism of the french revolution combined with the industrial revolution

dual revolution

mass scale shift from production of simple tools to complex machines

industrial revolution

development of water frame to make water run factories, steam engine improvements

energy revolution

rigid schedule for workers with long days and little breaks

the factory system

movement of people into a city

urbanization

city-dwellers bought food and clothing in stores that offered a large variety of machine made goods, also worked in stores behind desks or counters


multi-tenements for living

market economy

change in social structure where some people moved up and created the middle class

social transformation

80% of population, low wages, shitty work conditions, tenement housing

the lower class

industrial age offering new professions in entertainment, new jobs as sportsmen, leisure life now a thing

la belle epoque

nations refusing to recognize interests other than their own, lots of pride

competitive nationalism

real politics

real politik

british imperialist that had monopoly on mines in africa and diamonds

cecil rhodes

meeting to divide up africa like a pie

the berlin conferences 1884

the policy of industrialized states taking over less developed societies to increase their own economic, political, military, and social influence

imperialism

european pattern of territorial control


permanent reconfiguration of african societies

political hegemony

trans-atlantic triangle, extraction of raw goods, dual economy

economic hegemony

taking control of education, language, religion, dress code, other stuff

cultural hegemony

indians fighting off the british

indian revolution 1857

women being burned alive with dead husbands

sati

direct rule and civilizing mission

france

indirect rule

great britain, germany, netherlands

brute force

belgium and portugal

Ruled by king leopold II, had rubber trees (apparently rubber comes from trees)

the belgian congo

group that is smaller and more culturally coherent, shared language, territorial attachment but NO STATE

ethnic group

a group of people who share the same history and culture

nation

a politically organized area on the earths surface that humans find significant

territory

winners of peace treaty of versaille for wwi

US and Japan

wilson's ideas of what should happen after wwi, concerning lands in europe, division of states, league of nations and stuff

woodrow wilson's fourteen points

precursor to the UN that scumbag congress didn't let us join

league of nations

radicalism of the right, intense nationalism, obedience to rules

facism

political system thingy in germany

nazism

consolidation of nazi rule

the third reich

hitlers bodygard

the SS (schutzstuffle)

secret nazi police to deal with domestic issues

the gestapo

the nazi war machine

the nazi war machine

FDR

west germany (democarcy)

DDR

east germany (communism)