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72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Government ruled by a king or queen, with total power
Absolute Monarchy
Time between 1400 and 1700, when Europeans looked for a faster trade route to Asia, resulting in the discovery of America
Age of Exploration
Time between 1600 and 1800, when Thinkers wrote about the power of Government- resulting in the American, French, Glorious, and Latin American Revolutions
Age of the Enlightenment
New inventions resulting in better farming equipment in the 1700s. This allowed people to Urbanize, or move to cities.
Agricultural Revolution
Mughal Emperor leader in India who started the Devine Faith to unify the Hindu and Muslim people.
Akbar the Great
Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and the USA
Allied Powers (World War 1)
USA, Great Britain, Soviet Union
Allies (World War 2)
Hatred or discrimination of Jewish People
Racial segregation in South Africa
When Great Britain allowed Hitler to break the Treaty of Versailles, because Britain wanted to avoid another war with Germany
Germany, Italy, and Japan
Axis Powers (World War 2)
Overthrew the Shah of Iran in 1979 and turned Iran into a Islamic Theocracy
Ayatollah Khomeini
Enlightenment Philosopher who created the Three Branches of Government- splitting Government's power so that nobody could become Absolute
Baron de Montesquieu
When Europe split Africa for resources in 1884
Berlin Conference
In 1917, Vladimir Lenin overthrew Czar Nicholas II because Nicholas II was fighting in World War 1 and starving the Russian People. Lenin turned Russian into the Communist Soviet Union
Bolshevik Revolution
French Emperor who tried to conquer all of Europe from 1805 to 1815. He was eventually exiled after losing the Battle of Waterloo.
Napoleon Bonaparte
Society of Harmonious and Righteous Fists- Chinese fighting against European Imperialism during the early 1900s
Boxer Rebellion
British business that ran India from the 1700s to 1857, when their soldiers, the Indian Sepoys, rebelled. The E.I.C was more a government than a business.
British East India Company
Economic system where private business owners create jobs. Government is usually not involved in businesses.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire
Central Powers (World War 1)
Leader of the Chinese Nationalists, He went to war with Mao Ze Dong after fighting the Japanese in World War 2. Fled to Taiwan.
Chang Kai-Shek
The act of conquering around the world and building "colonies", or areas of land owned by a Mother Country, usually in order to take resources back to the Mother Country.
A city or area owned by a Mother Country for resources. The USA was once one for Great Britain.
The exchange of goods, animals, fruits, and people between America and Europe/Africa/Asia during the 1500s. The spread of diseases on the Columbia Exchange killed most of the Native Americas.
Columbian Exchange
1500-1750, when Europe stopped caring about religion, and began concentrating on making money through trading with Asia
Commercial Revolution
Book written by Karl Marx/Frederich Engels that argued for complete ownership of business by the workers and an end to rich/poor social classes.
The Communist Manifesto
Meeting of European Kings in 1815 to restore power back Absolute Monarchies after the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte and the end of the Enlightenment.
Congress of Vienna
Governments with a king/queen, but are limited by a Constitution- Such as Great Britain (English Bill of Rights, and Magna Carta)
Constitutional Monarchies
The act of the USA stopping the spread of Communism after World War 2 by the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan and the formation of NATO
War between Christians and Muslims in the Middle Ages that end Feudalism by introducing new technologies to the Europeans that they had never seen before
Mao Ze Dong forced Communism into all aspects of China and tried to destroy old ideas. Families were forced to spy on each other, killing 30 million people who disagreed with Mao's ideas.
Cultural Revolution
First person to sail from Europe to India, around the tip of Africa
Vasco De Gama
First person to sail to the bottom tip of Africa, but did not get all the way to India
Bartholomew Dias
The cycle of a Dynasty taking over China, ruling for a 100 years, losing power, and then getting overthrown by a new Dynasty that then does the same thing and gets overthrown creating a new Dynasty
Dynastic Cycle
In 1789 in France, King Louis XVI called together the 3 Estates, Church, Nobles, and Commoners, to vote to raise taxes. The 3% (1st and 2nd Estate) voted for the 97% (3rd Estate) to pay all the taxes in France, and they got mad and started their own government, led by Maximilian Robespierre. This started the French Revolution.
Estates General meeting (Cause for the French Revolution)
Proved Copernicus was correct- HelioCentric - The sun in the center of the Solar System, not the Earth
Galileo Galilei
Led the Indian national Congress, resulted in the nonviolent overthrow of the British in India
Mohandas Gandhi
Ended the Soviet Union through Perestroika (money to the people), Glasnost (freedom of speech for the people), and Detente (ended the Cold War with the USA)
Mikhail Gorbachev
Muslim journey to Mecca, must be competed at least once in your life. Follows the journey that Muhammad took in the 600s
Japanese cities that the USA dropped Atomic Bombs on to end World War 2. Only time a country has used Atomic weapons on another country
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Enlightenment thinker who argued that people are bad and needed an absolute king to countrol them
Thomas Hobbes
When goods get more expensive becaues the value of money has dropped. Caused major problems in Germany after World War 1, leading to the rise of Adof Hitler
Countries under the control of the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Such as, East Germany, Poland, and Romania
Eastern Bloc Countries
Leader of the Soviet Union after Joseph Stalin who built the Berlin Wall and started the Cuban Missile Crisis
Nikita Khrushchev
The official start of the Holocaust. Germans destroyed and burnt down Jewish buildings and churches. "The Night of Broken Glass"
Leader of the Haitian Revolution. Freed Haiti from the French. Only successful Slave Revolt in history.
Toussaint L'ouverture
Promised Russians "Land, Peace, and Bread" during World War 1. Overthrew Nicholas II and turned Russian into the Soviet Union- following the ideas of Karl Marx and the Communist Manifesto
Vladimir Lenin
Enlightenment Philosopher, who argued that government must work for the people or we can overthrow the government. Said that we had 3 Rights- 1) Life, 2) Liberty and 3) Property. Thomas Jefferson borrowed his ideas fro the Declaration of Independence from Great Britain in 1776.
John Locke
1% of France's Population- the Church
1st Estate
2%of France's Population- the Nobles
2nd Estate
97% of France's Population- the Commoners (Doctors, Lawyers, Teachers, Cooks, Farmers)
3rd Estate- had to pay all the taxes
Gave all the reasons why Martin Luther was upset at the Catholic Church, starting the Protestant Reformation
95 Theses
First person to sail around the entire world during the Age of Exploration
Ferdinand Magellan
Form of Containment- The USA paid to rebuild Europe after WW2 to stop Western Europe from asking the Soviet Union for help
Marshall Plan
Quick modernization and industrialization of Japan after Matthew Perry forced Japan to trade with the United States
Meiji Restoration
Islamic Empire that ruled India from 1526 to 1857. Built the Taj Mahal.
Mughal Empire
Fascist ruler of Italy during World War Two.
Benito Mussolini
USA, Canada, and Mexico trading organization with no Taxes
North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
European trading agreement, with all countries using the same money (The Euro)
European Union
Adolf Hitler's Political Party in Germany during World War 2
National Socialist Party (NAZI Party)
Franklin D. Roosevelt's plan to help Americans during the Great Depression- restored money to banks, fixed the stock market, and created jobs
The New Deal
This ended World War 1. It blamed Germany for the war, made Germany repay the Allied Powers, and stopped Germany from having a military or colonies. Led Hitler to start World War Two.
Treaty of Versailles
Form of Containment after World War Two. Promised that America will help any country fight in a war against a communist country.
The Truman Doctrine
Countries that were allied with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. (Opposite of NATO)
The Warsaw Pact
Country created after World War 2 in the Middle East to help Holocaust survivors have their own country. (Jewish country surrounded by Muslim countries)
1857 war between Indian Soldiers and the East India Company. Caused by animal fat on bullets. It caused the British Empire to officially invade India and conquer in 1858.
Sepoy Rebellion
**Honors** Hindi word for Non-violence. Used by Gandhi and Dr. King
**Honors** Transformed the Ottoman Empire into a modernized country, but killed millions in the process
Mustafa Ataturk
**Honors** 1928 agreement to stop wars and shrink militaries. Only lasted 10 years before WW2 started.
Kellogg Briand Pact
**Honors** Created the Presbyterian Church. Believed that God predestines us to Heaven or Hell before we are even born. No dancing, No drinking, No sinning.
John Calvin
**Honors** Bloodiest war in history started by a Chinese guy who thought he was Jesus' brother and led a war against the Qing Dynasty and European Imperialists
Taiping Rebellion
Great job Class!!
Keep up the Great Work!!!!!