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31 Cards in this Set

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Bonanza Farm

large scale farm that only grows one type of crop to make more money

Morrill Land Grant Act

the government offers states land to build agricultural colleges

Soddy

prairie house made of sod from thickly-rooted prairie grass

Homesteaders

someone who moved west based on the homestead act

Cattle Drive

is the process of moving a herd of cattle from one place to another, usually moved and herded by cowboys on horses

Longhorns

an animal of a breed of cattle with long horns, were common in south west

End of the Frontier

All land got bought all natives went to reservations and cowboy industry died

Cowboy’s job

Herding cattle

Ghost Dance

occurred because of desperation of spending 10 years on reservation- no hope. The dance would said to bring back buffalo and end the white man

Reservations

a tract of public land set apart for a special purpose, as for the use of an Indian tribe.

Assimilation

the process by which a person or a group's language and/or culture come to resemble those of another group

Homestead Act

government gave 160 acres of free land in west if you worked the land for 5 years

Occupations on the Plains

miner (silver), hearding, rail roads, farming

Chisolm Trail

a trail used to drive cattle overland from ranches in Texas to Kansas.

Origins of the Cowboys

Spanish

Exodusters

was a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century

Lifestyle of Plains Indians

life based on movement

Populist Party Platform

drew support especially from disgruntled farmers. The Populists were particularly known for advocating bimetallism

Bimetalism

the use of two metals, ordinarily gold and silver, at a fixed relative value, as the monetary standard.

Cross of Gold Speech

was delivered by William Jennings Bryan, a former United States Representative from Nebraska, saying gold system is americas cross to bear, they need bimetal system.

The Grange

a country house with farm buildings attached.

Farmer’s relationship with RR

didn't like railroads, charged them alot

Cowboy Myths

Cowboys not always shooting guns, not all cowboys white

Dawes Act

A federal law intended to turn Native Americans into farmers and landowners by providing cooperating families with 160 acres of reservation land for farming or 320 acres for grazing.

End of Populist Movement

unable to get enough people to support it, and it was absorbed into the Progressive movement

Bryan and 1896 Election

Bryan running as democratic/populist. Will mikinly won. Mikinly supported gold bryan wanted bimetalism

Causes of Farmer’s Debts

Wheat prices fell, some crops failed, and railroad made them pay more for transportation

Tribes of the Great Plains

sioux, pawnee chayenne NOT APACHI

Timeline of Pains Indian Wars

1891-1890


Transcontinental RR

It was the project of two railroad companies: the Union Pacific built from the east, and the Central Pacific built from the west. The two lines met in Utah.

To know

Where was sand creek massacre, wounded knee,