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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Which of the following statements is anatomically correct?

A. The knee is distal to the ankle.

B. The heart is inferior to the diaphragm.

C. The hip is proximal to the knee.

D. The wrist is proximal to the elbow.


If you wanted to separate the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity, which plane would you use?

A. Sagittal

B. Transverse

C. Frontal

D. Coronal


You have been given a sample of tissue that has pillar-shaped cells arranged tightly together. The tissue you have is:

A. Squamous epithelium

B. Cuboidal epithelium

C. Columnar epithelium

D. Transitional epithelium


The epidermis is classified as a(n):

A. Cell

B. Tissue

C. Organ

D. System


The orthopedic surgeon informs you that you have broken the middle region of the humerus. What area is he describing?

A. Epiphysis

B. Articular cartilage

C. Perichondrium

D. Diaphysis


Going from superior to inferior, the sequence of the vertebral column is:

A. Sacral, coccyx, thoracic, lumbar, and cervical

B. Coccyx, sacral, lumbar, thoracic, and cervical

C. Cervical, lumbar, thoracic, sacral, and coccyx

D. Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccyx


Which of the following is true of skeletal muscle? (Select all that apply.)

A. Skeletal muscle comprises 10% of the body's weight.

B. Skeletal muscle attaches to bones by tendons.

C. Muscle contraction helps keep the body warm.

D. Skeletal muscles continuously contract to maintain posture

B, C, D

If an impulse is traveling from a sense receptor toward the spinal cord, it is traveling along what type of neuron?

A. Motor neuron

B. Sensory neuron

C. Interneuron

D. Bipolar neuron


What does the parathyroid hormone regulate?

A. Magnesium

B. Calcium

D. Calcitonin

D. Clucocorticoids


Where are the pressoreceptors and chemoreceptors (specialized sensory nerves that assist with the regulation of circulation and respiration) located?

A. Circle of Willis

B. Cerebral arteries

C. Abdominal aorta

D. Carotid body


Bile is secreted into which organ?

A. Small intestine

B. Liver

C. Large intestine

D. Stomach


What is the role of progesterone in the female reproductive system?

A. Stimulate ovulation

B. Conversion of the follicle to the corpus lutem

C. Stimulates the development of the endometrium

D. Stimulates the start of the menstruation


What muscle is responsible for muscle contractions?

A. Chloride

B. Sodium

C. Calcium

D. Magnesium


In which of the following locations would the urinary bladder and internal reproductive organs be found?

A. Thoracic cavity

B. Mediastinum

C. Abdominal cavity

D. Pelvic cavity


What separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity?

A. Diaphragm

B. Mediastinum

C. Liver

D. Lungs


Which of the following epithelial types is correctly matched with its major function?

A. Simple squamous epithelium - secretion or absorption

B. Stratified squamous epithelium - changes shape when stretched

C. Stratified squamous epithelium - diffusion

D. Simple columnar epithelium - secretion or aborption


A tissue examine under the microscope exhibits the following characteristics: cell founds on internal surface of stomach, no extracellular matrix, cells tall and this, no blood vessels in the tissue. What type of tissue is this?

A. Epithelial

B. Connective

C. Muscle

D. Cartilage

E. Nervous


Nerve tissue is composed of nervous and connective tissue cells that are referred to as which of the following?

A. Osteoblasts

B. Neuroglia

C. Osteocytes

D. Arterioles


Which tissue serves as the framework of the body by providing support and structure for the organs?

A. Epithelial

B. Connective

C. Nervous

D. Muscle


What is the basic unit of life and the building block of tissues and organs?

A. Atom

B. Organelle

C. Cell



Which type of cell division takes place in the gonads?

A. Mitosis

B. Meiosis

C. Binary fission

D. Asexual division


In what area of the body would you expect to find an especially thick stratum corneum?

A. Back of the hand

B. Heel of the foot

C. Abdomen

D. Over the shin


What are the glands of skin that produce a thin, watery secretion?

A. Sebaceous glands

B. Eccrine glands

C. Apocrine glands

D. Endocrine glands


Skin aids in maintaining the calcium and phosphate levels of the body by participating in the production of which of the following?

A. Sebum

B. Keratin

C. Vitamin A

D. Vitamin D


Which of the following are functions of the skeletal system? (Select all that apply.)

A. Support the body

B. Hemopoiesis

C. Conduct impulses

D. Provide protection

A, B, D

The orthopedic surgeon informs you that you have broken the middle region of the humerus. What is he describing?

A. Epiphysis

B. Articular cartilage

C. Perichondrium

D. Diaphysis


You have been given a sample of tissue that has open spaces partially filled by an assemblage of needlelike structures. What is the tissue?

A. Spongy bone

B. Compact bone

C. Cartilage

D. Adipose tissue


Which of the following bones is the only moveable bond in the skull?

A. Maxilla

B. Zygomatic

C. Lacrimal

D. Mandible


Which mineral is responsible for regulating fluid in the body?

A. Chloride

B. Sodium

C. Calcium

D. Magnesium


Why are skeletal muscles also called voluntary muscles?

A. They are under conscious control.

B. They are attached to the skeleton.

C. They use ATP to energize contraction.

D. They are striated in appearance.


All actions of the nervous system depend on the transmission of nerve impulses over which of the following?

A. Neuroglia

B. Efferent pathways

C. Afferent pathways

D. Neurons


Motor or _______ neurons transmit nerve impulses away from the CNS.

A. Afferent

B. Efferent

C. Central

D. Peripheral


Jeffery has contracted bulbar poliomyelitis, and it has affected the medulla oblongata. The doctors warned the family that his condition is grave and death may be imminent. What functions of the medulla oblongata have warranted such a dire prognosis?

A. The medulla oblongata contains vital centers that control heart action, blood vessel diameter, and respiration.

B. The medulla oblongata contains neural connections of the reticular-activating system.

C. The medulla oblongata contains the pineal gland, which controls the vital centers.

D. The medulla oblongata contains the corpora quadrigemina, which controls the neural transmission of impulses along the spinal cord.


What are chemical messengers that control growth, differentiation, and the metabolism of specific target cells called?

A. Hormones

B. Neurons

C. Glands

D. Second messengers


Which of the following are tropic hormones? (Select all that apply.)

A. Somatotropin

B. Follicle-stimulating hormone

C. Antidiuretic hormone

D. Thyroid-stimulating hormone

A, B, D

Which leukocytes are correctly matched with their function or description? (Select all that apply.)

A. Monocytes - become macrophages

B. Basophils - the most common type of WBC

C. Lymphocytes - important in immune response

D. Neutrophils - phagocytize microorganisms

A, C, D

The heart has an intrinsic beat that is initiated by which of the following?

A. Semilunar valve

B. Bicuspid valve

C. Tricuspid valve

D. Sinoatrial node


Vasodilation and vasoconstriction result from which of the following?

A. Contraction of smooth muscle in the arterial wall

B. Relaxation of smooth muscle int he arterial wall

C. Relaxation and contraction of smooth muscle in the arterial wall

D. Contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle int eh venous wall


Which of the following is the blood vessel where exchanges take place between blood and the cells of the body?

A. Artery

B. Vein

C. Capillary

D. Arteriole


What is the exchange of gasses between the atmosphere and the blood through the alveoli called?

A. External respiration

B. Internal respiration

C. Inhalation

D. Cellular respiration


In order for inhalation to occur, what must happen?

A. Contraction of the diaphragm, which decreases the volume of the chest cavity and draws air into the lungs

B. Contraction of the diaphragm, which enlarges the chest cavity and draws air into the lungs

C. Recoil of the lungs as the respiratory muscles contract, and the thorax decrease in size

D. Recoil of the lungs as the respiratory muscles relax, and the thorax decreases in size


Most of the carbon dioxide in the blood does which of the following?

A. It is carried in solution or bound to blood proteins.

B. It is carried on hemoglobin.

C. It is converted to bicarbonate ions by carbonic anhydrase within red blood cells.

D. It is converted to bicarbonate ions by carbonic anhydrase within the plasma.


How does the trachea remain open like a hollow tube?

A. air pressure inside keeps it open.

B. Supporting cartilaginous rings keep it open.

C. It is reinforced with bone that cannot collapse.

D. Special muscles are working to keep the trachea open.


The stomach muscle churns and mixes food, turning the mass into a soupy substance called with of the following?

A. Bolus

B. Bile

C. Chyme

D. Feces


What is the function of aldosterone?

A. It converts proinsulin to insulin.

B. It conserves sodium in the body.

C. It protects against stress.

D. It affect heat production.


All the nutrients that enter the hepatic portal vein are routed where for decontamination?

A. Kidney

B. Pancreas

C. Spleen

D. Liver


Which are the functional units of the kidney?

A. Ureters

B. Glomeruli

C. Nephrons

D. Renal capsules


What are the two functions of the male and female sex organs?

A. Production of all cells and production of hormones

B. Production of interstitial cells and production of hormones

C. Production of gametes and production of hormones

D. Production and gametes and production of interstitial cells


In men, spermatozoa develop within the _______ of each testis.

A. Seminiferous tubules

B. Vas deferens

C. Ejaculatory ducts

D. Bulbourethral glands


Testicular activity is under the control of which hormone(s)?




D. Both FSH and LH


Which hormone initiates the preparation of the endometrium of the uterus for pregnancy?


B. Estrogen


D. Progesterone


During pregnancy, what organ produces the hormones that maintain the endometrium and prepares the breasts for milk production?

A. Placenta

B. Uterus

C. Cervix

D. Corpus luteum