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5 Cards in this Set

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- to gain a better understanding of what being a father means to parents and children living in deprived areas, in a range of ethnic groups, in a modern multicultural Britain.

- to know there is a common model of fatherhood that applies to families living in deprived areas.

- to understand that the role of the traditional breadwinner (father) is changing into a more multi-dimensional role where fathers take some responsibility in the care of children and participating in child-rearing activities.

The overall study.. Think of fatherhood.. They wanted to explore the notion of fatherhood..

Methods Used...

-Mixed Methods approach using qualitative and quantitative data such as semi structured interviews and time use diaries

-Qualitative approach: using semi structured interviews (generating largely qualitative data making it high in validity) -Quantitative approach: using time use diaries (generating largely quantitative data making it high in reliabity)

-Interpretivists approach: favour qualitative methods

-Positivists approach: favour quantitative methods

-Semi structured approach: generating qualitative data

-Time use diary approach: generating quantitative data

Approaches favoured by Interpretivist and Positivists...

Reliability & Validity

Reliability: being able to repeat data multiple times in order to generate similar findings. Validity: when data creates a true picture of social reality.

Reliability is not whether it is reliable..

Validity is not whether it is valid..


Favour qualitative data..

- gain rich, valid deep textual data which helps explore meanings and understanding behind behaviour and motives.


- respondents "open up" more when in a comfortable environment hence interviews held in family homes.

- data is thematically analysed.

- data collected from time use diaries is objective and value free and parents and children filled them in themselves.

- interviews were filmed so there is no need on relying on memory as true implications can be heard and seen.

They like data that provide MEANINGS...


Favour data that has a quantitative approach...

- like data that provides a simple cause and effect

- like data that doesn't waste valuable time and resources

- like to make generalisations