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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Demonstrative Pronouns

this/that/those/such/these; also can function as determiners

Relative Pronouns


Indefinite relative pronouns

whoever/whomever/whatever; what could serve as an indefinite relative pronoun as well.

Indefinite pronouns


Indefinite pronouns that double as determiners

enough, few, fewer, less, little, many, much, several, more, most, all, both, every, each, any, either, neither, none, some

Intensive pronouns

Myself, yourself, herself, ourselves, themselves, oneself, himself, herself, yourselves

interrogative pronouns

who, which, what, whose,

Reciprocal Pronouns

each other, one another


Person, place, or thing(noun) that is doing or being something; noun that is doing or being something

active sentence

The subject is the agent


do-er or initiator of an action in a sentence

passive sentence

agent is not the subject and sometimes the sentence doesn't contain an agent

simple subject

subject of a sentence stripped of modifiers

understood subject

subject of a command such as you that is left out of the sentence

transitive verbs

Verbs that require objects

intransitive verbs

verbs that don't require objects

infinitive verb

to be; to perch; to sit

causative verb

designate the action necessary to make another action happen

factitive verbs

make, choose, judge, elect, select, name

Progressive tense

formed with present participle form(ending in ing) along with various auxiliaries.


Can, could, do, does, did, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would

Verb Moods

Indicative, imperative, subjunctive, conditional

Verb Voices

Active and Passive

Possessive Determiners

My, your, his, her, its, our, theri


A word, phrase, or clause that functions as an adjective or adverb to describe a word or make its meaning more specific.


Describes relationships between other words in a sentence;

Common examples: about, above, across, after, against, around, at,

before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond,

by, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, out

outside, over, since, through, throughout, till, to, toward, under, until, up, upon, with, without

according to, because of, by way of, in addition to, in front of, in place of, in regard to, in spite of, instead of, on account of, out of

Prepositional Phrase

Usual format: A preposition followed by a determiner(such as an indefinite or definite article) and an adjective or two, followed by a noun or pronoun(serving as the object of the preposition)