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10 Cards in this Set

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Sex ratio

107.6 (1982) > 111.36 (1990) > 116.9 (2000) > 117.0 (2012)


106 (normal) vs. 118 (national)




India Population control

National family planning program in 1952.


-Free or subsidized birth-control devices


-Abortions legalized in 1972


-Controversial: Sterilization in 1971, with subsidy around average monthly income


-Dominant form of Birth control is sterilization of woman who have already had several children

Thailand Population Control

Poverty - Overpopulation - AIDS


1) Mechai Viravaidya, Condom king


-make contraceptives widely available; Education/awareness; micro-credits; movement


-100% condom campaign in early 1990's


-1991-2001 New HIV Infections have droped down to 143,000, less than 14000 a year

Factors contributing to woman having more children

More:


- Labor and more income with more people working


-Lack of access to birth control


-Higher mortality rate


-Cultural preference for boys


-Women have less saying


-Religious reasons

Factors contributing to woman having less children

Birth control


-Fewer labor needed


-Higher cost of raising children


-Women as working labor


- Higher education level


-Household planning policies

Age dependance ratio

Is the ratio of dependents, people younger than 15 or older than 64-- to the working age population- those ages 15-64

Support Ratio

Is the number of people age 15-64 per one older person aged 65 or older.

Main concerns for declining fertility and increase life expectancy in developed countries?

Support ratio: 7.8 (1901) > 5.8 (1950) > 4.4 (1995)


-Currently,


1) over 21% are > 60 years


2) by 2050, one third are >60 years

What are some major pro-natalist policies adopted in France

Code de la famile


-Cash incentives to mothers staying at home to care for children, Subsidising holidays, banning the sale of contraceptives

Pro-Natalist

-Incentives offered in the policy included:


-payment of up to 1064E to couples having their third child


-generous Maternity grants


-Family allowances to increase the purchasing power of three child families


-pension schemes for mothers and housewives