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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Revolutionary changes in the 19th century in Spain

Absolutism-liberal system (instability, civil wars, military coupé d'etat)

Population- grew moderately

Economy- slow modernised (still agrarian)

Class based society- wealth

Reign of Charles IV 1788-1808

Prime minister - Manuel Godoy

Influence of the French Revolution

French invaded the Basque country and navarra - peace of Basel

Treaty of Fontaine bleau ,- allied with Napoleon

Mutiny of Aranjuez

Abdicatiins of Bayonne

Ideological groups during Jose Bonaparte's reign

Patriots - liberals


Bayonne statute

Conservative political system

Legislative and executive power

Rights for the citizens

Abolition of torture

Suppression of privileges for the nobility

When did start the war of independence?

The 2nd of may of 1808 in Madrid

How did the people in the countryside fight?

Using the guerrilla warfare

Describe the two phases of the independence.

1 the French were stopped (battle of Bailén) 1808

Then Napoleon went with 250000 soldiers and recovered the territory

2- 1812 Napoleon's problems with russia- British army helped

Treaty of Valencay - Ferdinand VII king

Transport industrial revolution

Railway mobile steam engine



Yearly elections of the parliament, universal male suffrage and secret ballots


Karl Marx + friederich engels

End private property


Revolution to get the proletariat to power


Achieve the maximum individual freedom

No religion

No state

No private property

The first international

Founded in London 1864

Several trade unions from different countries

Marxism yes

Anarchism no

Who assumed the power during the war of independence?

The supreme central junta

Who voted for the Cortes of Cadiz?

Popular man vote

Cortes delegates


Liberal (won) - Constitution

Laws signed by the Cortes of Cadiz

Freedom of the press

Abolished manners, trade guilds and the inquisition

Constitution 1812

1st constitution

Individual rights

National sovereignty

Division of powers

Rise of trade thanks to the

Cost of production

Food supply for the population

Countries specialised in certain goods

Stages during fernando VII reign

Absolutist sexenium

Liberal trienium

Ominous decade


Achieve the maximum individual freedom

No religion

No state

No private property

Liberal trienium

Rafael de riegos uprising

Accedes to constitution and the Cortes of Cadiz

Holy Alliance send the 100000 sons of san

Ominous decade

Repression of the liberals

Succession problem

No Salic law by signing the pragmatic sanction

Independence of Spanish America

Directed by the criollos

1stage Simón Bolívar y José de San Martín

2 pichincha y Ayacucho

Isabel II

Regents: Maria Cristina y el general Esparteros

Two phases

Moderate decade constitution of 1845

Progressive biennium c of 1856

They alternated power

Pact of Ostend

To overthrew isabel

Glorious revolution

Provisional goverment (serrano)

King Amadeo de saboya

First republic (salmeron, Pi y margall, Figueras and Castelar)

Alfonso XII

Abolition of the feudal regime

Jurisdictional mannors turn into private property no more justice

Two disentailments

Mendizabal’s disentailment

Madoz law of general disentailment

Liberal trienium

Rafael de riegos uprising

Accedes to constitution and the Cortes of Cadiz

Holy Alliance send the 100000 sons of san louis

Mendizabals disentailment

They sold the amortised assets of the clergy

Madoz law disentailment

They took the amortised assets from the nobility and the municipalities

Causes of the slow revolution in Spain

Low demand

Lack of entrepreneurial spirit

Technological gap

Political instability

Main industrial sectors in spain


Iron + steel industry

Textile sector


Spanish labour movement

Destroy the machines

The economy inequality divided the countries into


Non industrialised

High bourgeoisie formers



Industries owners

Pettit bourgeoisie formers

Civil servants

Liberal professionals



Industrial workers

Money: offspring

Proletariat working conditions


Loud noise

Low wages

Long shifts

Two phases of the labour movement

1- protest against industrialisation and friendly organisations

2- Trade unions, objective: improve labour condition, political rights, fight for their rights

Three groups of the political battle




Political systems (2)

Parliamentary- universal men suffrage (+women)


Autocratic- central and eastern Europe

Austrohúngarian (2crowns) + Russian (tsars) +Ottoman empires

Powers outside Europe (2)

Us - leading industrial power

Japan - westernisation + rapid industrialisation

Bismarckian alliance system

Isolate France

Francorussian war

Chancellor of van Bismarck

Two alliance blocs (2)

Triple entente - France Russia and Great Britain

Triple alliance - Italy, Germany and Austria Hungary

Energy (2)

Oil - gasoline and diesel

Electricity - accumulator and transformer

Work organisation (2)

- timed activities + incentives

Taylorism - timed activities + incentivesfordism - assembly line+ conveyor belt+ unskilled workers

fordism - assembly line+ conveyor belt+ unskilled workers

Leading industrial sectors


Chemical industry



Electrical equipment and mechanics

Transport (2)

Electricity was applied to railways

Birth of the car

Improvements in navigation and aviation

Infrastructures in transport (2)

Panama canal

Railway network (Russia and America)

Communications (2)




Agriculture (2)

Chemical fertilizers and fodder

Machines driven by electric and combustion engines


Domestic trade (2)

Increased production and department stores

Advertising, sales ...

International trade (2)

Global dimension thanks to transport

Trade protectionism (Americanism)

Financial concentration (2)

Large banks grated loans and participated as shareholders

Corporate concentration

Dominate the market by eliminating competition amongst companies

Untitrust laws had to be created

Kinds of concentration (2)




Emigration abroad (2)

Improved with transport

To USA, Latin America, Australia and New Zealand

Benefited the recipient countries (needed settlers) and the migrant- sending countries (reduce unemployment and social conflict)

Cities (2)


Improved hygiene conditions

Developments of the labour movement (2)

It gained affiliates with freedom of assembly and legalised workers associations

Second/socialist international (Marxists principles)


Condemned capitalism, imperialism and war

Proletariat (2)

Laws regulated hours and established social protection measures

Lower process - allied the proletariat to elevate their capacity for consumption and their quality of life