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62 Cards in this Set

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Revolutionary changes in the 19th century in Spain

Absolutism-liberal system (instability, civil wars, military coupé d'etat)


Population- grew moderately


Economy- slow modernised (still agrarian)


Class based society- wealth

Reign of Charles IV 1788-1808

Prime minister - Manuel Godoy


Influence of the French Revolution


French invaded the Basque country and navarra - peace of Basel


Treaty of Fontaine bleau ,- allied with Napoleon


Mutiny of Aranjuez


Abdicatiins of Bayonne

Ideological groups during Jose Bonaparte's reign

Patriots - liberals


Afrancesados

Bayonne statute

Conservative political system


Legislative and executive power


Rights for the citizens


Abolition of torture


Suppression of privileges for the nobility

When did start the war of independence?

The 2nd of may of 1808 in Madrid


How did the people in the countryside fight?

Using the guerrilla warfare

Describe the two phases of the independence.

1 the French were stopped (battle of Bailén) 1808


Then Napoleon went with 250000 soldiers and recovered the territory


2- 1812 Napoleon's problems with russia- British army helped


Treaty of Valencay - Ferdinand VII king

Transport industrial revolution

Railway mobile steam engine


Steamboat

Chartisim

Yearly elections of the parliament, universal male suffrage and secret ballots

Socialism

Karl Marx + friederich engels


End private property

Marxism

Revolution to get the proletariat to power

Anarchists

Achieve the maximum individual freedom


No religion


No state


No private property

The first international

Founded in London 1864


Several trade unions from different countries


Marxism yes


Anarchism no

Who assumed the power during the war of independence?

The supreme central junta

Who voted for the Cortes of Cadiz?

Popular man vote

Cortes delegates

Absolutist


Liberal (won) - Constitution

Laws signed by the Cortes of Cadiz

Freedom of the press


Abolished manners, trade guilds and the inquisition


Constitution 1812

1st constitution

Individual rights


National sovereignty


Division of powers

Rise of trade thanks to the

Cost of production


Food supply for the population


Countries specialised in certain goods

Stages during fernando VII reign

Absolutist sexenium


Liberal trienium


Ominous decade

Anarchism

Achieve the maximum individual freedom


No religion


No state


No private property

Liberal trienium

Rafael de riegos uprising


Accedes to constitution and the Cortes of Cadiz


Holy Alliance send the 100000 sons of san

Ominous decade

Repression of the liberals


Succession problem


No Salic law by signing the pragmatic sanction

Independence of Spanish America

Directed by the criollos


1stage Simón Bolívar y José de San Martín


2 pichincha y Ayacucho

Isabel II

Regents: Maria Cristina y el general Esparteros


Two phases


Moderate decade constitution of 1845


Progressive biennium c of 1856


They alternated power

Pact of Ostend

To overthrew isabel

Glorious revolution

Provisional goverment (serrano)


King Amadeo de saboya


First republic (salmeron, Pi y margall, Figueras and Castelar)


Alfonso XII

Abolition of the feudal regime

Jurisdictional mannors turn into private property no more justice

Two disentailments

Mendizabal’s disentailment


Madoz law of general disentailment

Liberal trienium

Rafael de riegos uprising


Accedes to constitution and the Cortes of Cadiz


Holy Alliance send the 100000 sons of san louis

Mendizabals disentailment

They sold the amortised assets of the clergy

Madoz law disentailment

They took the amortised assets from the nobility and the municipalities

Causes of the slow revolution in Spain

Low demand


Lack of entrepreneurial spirit


Technological gap


Political instability

Main industrial sectors in spain

Mining


Iron + steel industry


Textile sector

Activism

Spanish labour movement


Destroy the machines

The economy inequality divided the countries into

Industrialised


Non industrialised

High bourgeoisie formers

Bankers


Landowners


Industries owners

Pettit bourgeoisie formers

Civil servants


Liberal professionals


Merchants

Proletariat

Industrial workers


Money: offspring

Proletariat working conditions

Temperatures


Loud noise


Low wages


Long shifts

Two phases of the labour movement

1- protest against industrialisation and friendly organisations


2- Trade unions, objective: improve labour condition, political rights, fight for their rights

Three groups of the political battle

Chartism


Socialism


Anarchism

Political systems (2)

Parliamentary- universal men suffrage (+women)


Europe+us+Japan


Autocratic- central and eastern Europe


Austrohúngarian (2crowns) + Russian (tsars) +Ottoman empires

Powers outside Europe (2)

Us - leading industrial power


Japan - westernisation + rapid industrialisation

Bismarckian alliance system

Isolate France


Francorussian war


Chancellor of van Bismarck

Two alliance blocs (2)

Triple entente - France Russia and Great Britain


Triple alliance - Italy, Germany and Austria Hungary

Energy (2)

Oil - gasoline and diesel


Electricity - accumulator and transformer

Work organisation (2)

- timed activities + incentives


Taylorism - timed activities + incentivesfordism - assembly line+ conveyor belt+ unskilled workers


fordism - assembly line+ conveyor belt+ unskilled workers

Leading industrial sectors

Metallurgy


Chemical industry


Food


Textile


Electrical equipment and mechanics

Transport (2)

Electricity was applied to railways


Birth of the car


Improvements in navigation and aviation


Infrastructures in transport (2)

Panama canal


Railway network (Russia and America)

Communications (2)

Telephone


Phonograph


Radio

Agriculture (2)

Chemical fertilizers and fodder


Machines driven by electric and combustion engines


Globalisation

Domestic trade (2)

Increased production and department stores


Advertising, sales ...

International trade (2)

Global dimension thanks to transport


Trade protectionism (Americanism)

Financial concentration (2)

Large banks grated loans and participated as shareholders

Corporate concentration

Dominate the market by eliminating competition amongst companies


Untitrust laws had to be created

Kinds of concentration (2)

Cartel


Trust


Holding

Emigration abroad (2)

Improved with transport


To USA, Latin America, Australia and New Zealand


Benefited the recipient countries (needed settlers) and the migrant- sending countries (reduce unemployment and social conflict)

Cities (2)

Innovations


Improved hygiene conditions

Developments of the labour movement (2)

It gained affiliates with freedom of assembly and legalised workers associations


Second/socialist international (Marxists principles)


Purists/revisionists


Condemned capitalism, imperialism and war

Proletariat (2)

Laws regulated hours and established social protection measures


Lower process - allied the proletariat to elevate their capacity for consumption and their quality of life