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50 Cards in this Set

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Meseta
Meseta (Spanish for "plateau") may refer to: Mesa, a geological plateau. Meseta Central ("Inner Plateau"), the high plains of central Spain.
Fjord
a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between high cliffs, as in Norway and Iceland, typically formed by submergence of a glaciated valley.
North Atlantic Drift
the warm ocean current flowing northeast, under the influence of prevailing winds, from the Gulf of Mexico towards NW Europe
Mistral
a strong, cold northwesterly wind that blows through the Rhône valley and southern France into the Mediterranean, mainly in winter.
Sirocco
a hot wind, often dusty or rainy, blowing from North Africa across the Mediterranean to southern Europe.
CityState
a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state.
Republic
a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Crusades
a medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries.
Balkanization
a pejorative geopolitical term, originally used to describe the process of fragmentation or division of a region or state into smaller regions or states that are often hostile or non cooperative with one another.
Reformation
a 16th century movement for the reform of abuses in the Roman Catholic Church ending in the establishment of the Reformed and Protestant Churches.
Feudalism
the dominant social system in medieval Europe, in which the nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service, and vassals were in turn tenants of the nobles, while the peasants (villeins or serfs) were obliged to live on their lord's land and give him homage, labor, and a share of the produce, notionally in exchange for military protection.
Nationalism
patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts.
Cultural Crossroads
A cultural crossroad is where many cultures meet and merge
Parliament
the highest legislature, consisting of the sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons.
Renaissance
The cultural rebirth that occurred in Europe from roughly the fourteenth through the middle of the seventeenth centuries, based on the rediscovery of the literature of Greece and Rome.
Natural Gas
flammable gas, consisting largely of methane and other hydrocarbons, occurring naturally underground (often in association with petroleum) and used as fuel.
Crude Oil
unrefined petroleum.
Nonrenewable Resource
A resource of economic value that cannot be readily replaced by natural means on a level equal to its consumption
Renewable resources
Resources that can be renewed
Geothermal Energy
Energy created from heat in the Earth
Impermeable Rock
Relating to a material through which substances, such as liquids or gases, cannot pass
Urban hierarchy
ranks each city based on the size of population residing within the nationally defined statistical urban area.
Shantytowns
a deprived area on the outskirts of a town consisting of large numbers of crude dwellings.
Water Stress
a situation where the availability of water is major constraint on human activity
Potable
safe to drink; drinkable.
Freshwater
of or found in fresh water; not of the sea.
Salt Water
of or found in saltwater; living in the sea.
Groundwater
water held underground in the soil or in pores and crevices in rock.
Wastewater
any water that has been adversely affected in quality by anthropogenic influence. Wastewater can originate from a combination of domestic, industrial, commercial or agricultural activities, surface runoff or stormwater, and from sewer inflow or infiltration.
Oil Reserves
the amount of technically and economically recoverable oil
Monsoons
a seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia, blowing from the southwest between May and September and bringing rain
Downwind
in the same direction towards which the wind is blowing; with the wind from behind
Deforestation
to cut down and clear away the trees or forests from.
Standard of living
the degree of wealth and material comfort available to a person or community.
Developing country
a poor agricultural country that is seeking to become more advanced economically and socially.
Outsource
obtain (goods or a service) from an outside or foreign supplier, especially in place of an internal source.
Delta
a triangular tract of sediment deposited at the mouth of a river, typically where it diverges into several outlets.
Illiterate
Cannot read or write
Upwind
Wind blowing up
Cost of living
the level of prices relating to a range of everyday items.
Famine
Lack of food
Subterranean
existing, occurring, or done under the earth's surface.
Zero population growth
No growth in population yearly
Basins
the tract of country that is drained by a river and its tributaries or drains into a lake or sea.
Floodplains
an area of low lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding.
Terracing
make or form (sloping land) into a number of level flat areas resembling a series of steps.
Ecosystem
a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
Habitats
the natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organism.
Tsunamis
a long high sea wave caused by an earthquake, submarine landslide, or other disturbance.
Rate of natural increase
the difference between the number of live births and the number of deaths occurring in a year, divided by the mid year population of that year, multiplied by a factor (usually 1,000). It is equal to the difference between the crude birth rate and the crude death rate.