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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Genetics
the study of heredity, genes, and variation of organisms
Levels of genetics
molecules, cells, individuals, populations, species
Why study genetics?
-Basic knowledge about how life works
-Applications that benefit humans
-Evolution, phylogony and taxonomy
-Population and Conservation biology
Classical genetics
-why do offspring resemble parents?
-trait transmission
-patterns of inheritance
-natural and artificial selection
Molecular genetics
-what is the biochemical basis of traits?
-DNA structure and function
-genes to phenotype
-DNA protein interaction
applications that benefit humans
-livestock and crop plant development (agriculture)
-understanding inherited diseases (health)
-understanding cancer
-production of pharmaceuticals
-crime scene analysis
Evolution, Phylogony and Taxonomy
Relationships among species
Population and conservation biology
population dynamics and extinction risk
Genotype
genetic make-up of a cell or individual; refers to specific genes/alleles present
Phenotype
a cell or individual's observable or measurable traits
-may be measured biochemically