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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
When did Seebohm Rowntree publish his study of poverty in York, helping the Liberals to realise the necessity for reforms?
How much of York's population did Rowntree reckon to live below the poverty line?
When were the first reforms introduced?
Which groups needed reforms to help under a welfare state?
Children, The Old, and the Sick or Unemployed
When were free school meals introduced?
What was the Children's charter, when was it implemented, and what did it aim to do?
1908- prevented a number of cruelties/abuses of children, made them protected persons, and prevented people taking out insurance on a child's life (as they might then kill it for the endowment. Juveniles were also sent to Borstals instead of prisons
When were old age pensions introduced, how much did they pay, and who was eligible for them?
1908- 5 shillings a week, or 7 shillings 5d (pence) to a married couple. TO be eligible you had to be over 70 and have lived in Britain for at least 20 years
When were labour exchanges introduced, and how many people were put into jobs by labour exchanges every day?
1909- 3000 people put into jobs by labour exchanges every day
When was the national insurance act passed? What did it do to help people?
1911- Allowed sick pay, 10 Shillings a week for 26 weeks for a weekly payment of 4d. Also provided unemployment benefit, though this was quite small to stop people 'enjoying' the benefits. Also entitled people to free medical treatment.
When were medical inspections in schools introduced?
When was the eight-hour day for miners introduced?
What about Germany influenced the liberals to pass reforms?
The Germans were surpassing the British in industrial capacity, and this appeared to be due to their well-educated and healthy workforce.
What about the Boer War helped to encourage reform?
A great number of British men were found to be significantly unhealthy; so unhealthy in fact that two thirds of those offering to fight for their country were turned down on medical grounds.