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19 Cards in this Set

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Aim of food labelling?

Tp provide consumer with key information on the properties of pre-packaged foods

Fundamental rule of food labelling?

Consumer must not be misled

Why label?

- Educate consumer


- Help consumers make informed decisions


- Helps consumer store and use the food

Who regulates food labelling?

EFSA - european food safety authority


FSAI - food safety authority of Ireland

2 Groups on labelling

Group 1 : Big 4; carbs, fat, protein, energy


Group 2 : Expansions on the ingredients e.g. 'of which sugars'

Ingredients must be expressed per:

100g or 100ml


- per portion can also be used

Do vitamins and minerals have to be declared on packaging?

Only if featured in significant amounts i.e. > 15% of RDA

What is a nutrition claim?

Stating, suggesting or implying that a food has a particular beneficial nutritional property


e.g. High in Fibre


- can be based on energy i.e. the calorific value

Health claim?

Claiming a relationship exists between a food category and health


e.g. Reducing the risk of heart disease, Reinforce the body's natural defences (Actimel)

What is the rule of comparative claims?

Comparisons can only be made of foods in same category


(differences in energy/nutrients must be stated)

High fibre?

> or equal to 3g/100g or 1.5 per 100kcal

Fat free

< or equal to 0.5g/100g

Low saturated fat claim?

< equal to 1.5g/100g

Sugar free claim?

< equal to 0.5g/100g

Low sodium claim?

< equal to 0.12g/100g

Health claims can have two functions :

General function : growth,development, functions of body


New function : Based on newly developed scientific evidence

'This product will help you lose 10 kg in 5 weeks' is an example of a

Forbidden claim


- reference to rate/amount of weight loss is not allowed

The colour coordinated dietary info on packaging is known as

Traffic light labelling


- can be misleading as it does not place the food in context of the overall daily diet


- people see red and panic

Why do people not look at labelling?

Habit/brand loyalty


lack of time


lack of understanding


no allergies in the family