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47 Cards in this Set

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Flash Mob

A large public gathering at which people perform an unusual or seemingly random act and then disperse, typically organized by means of Internet or social media.

Smart Mob

a group of people who assemble, move, or act collectively by cellular phones or other wireless devices to communicate
Disciplinary Society
By Michel Foucault, three primary techniques of control: Hierarchical observation, normalizing judgement, and the examination. Surveillance is foundation for the ideal of a “disciplinary society”. Through surveillance, institutions create docile bodies. Individuals begins to self-surveil, making the work of any overseeing body superfluous. Disciplinary society becomes theoretical basis for modern governing institution.
Society of Control
By Gilles Deleuze, with advent of new technologies, governments seek control networks & achieve such influence more continuous forms of control predominate“one is never finished with anything”
By Guy Debord, Spectacle replaces genuine activity: Turns being into having. Relationships between commodity replaces Relationships between people. Life is not about living but about having.
Chronotope of Vanguard
Vanguard: a group of people leading the way in new developmentsa) position at the forefront of new developing ideasb) foremost part of advancing army from provoke enemy/back hold groundrefers to a particular time and place of incubation in history
character can change, grow and redeem herself in a tragedy vs. a romance
the fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect. OR combining two images to create a 3rd. An example of Juxtaposition is the FM Toys R. Us Worship Dinosaur.-surprise of association between things-surrealists use juxtaposition to take unconscious into the unconscious mindex. The Resistance of Time art piece
French for “drift.” Walking or otherwise acting without predetermined aim or goal. Cut across, ignore, or transgress all artificial barriers, physical or conceptual
French for “diversion” or “un-turning.” The strategic defacement, meddling, or transformation of “spectacles” in order to expose their falsity and absurdity and thereby deprive them of their authority, naturalness, and inevitability
By Kenneth Burke. An interpretive communication studies theory as a meta-method for analyzing human relationships. This theory compares life to a drama and provides the most direct route to human motives and human relations.Act: What Agency: How (ex. Techn) Agent: Person Scene: Setting Purpose:Why
agent-scene ratio
How does the agents (people) and scene (area/setting) work within a Flash Mob. (how well do they fit?) Ex. University Choir - Nelson Mendela Metropolitian has a agent- scene ratio of 1:0. Scene lacking - commercial scene and different ages at the mall. For the flash mob to be a 1:1 the setting should have been at a high school for example.
An unstructured community in which people are equal, or to the very spirit of community. Victor Turner, who defined the anthropological usage of communitas, was interested in the interplay between what he called social ‘structure’ and ‘antistructure’: Liminality and Communitas are both components of anti structure.
Cyborg - Judith Butler→
hybrid of technology and people (aka us)
refers to everything that appears before the camera and its arrangment - composition, sets, props, actors, costumes, and lighting. In other words, “placing on stage” Scenography; scene is the most essential than the thing it contains
Bill Wasik
-created the first 8 flashmo1bs-says hipsters promote what is cool to feel a part of the in crowd-flashmobs are a critique of the hipster mentality
Howard Rheingold
wrote Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution-Smart Mobs
Michel Foucault
“Disciplinary Society” - Other increasingly profound processes operated: one) the functional inversion of disciplines; two) the swarming of disciplinary mechanisms; mechanisms begin to circulate openly in society, and are broken down into flexible methods of control; three) the state control of discipline, as in the formation of a central police power.
Gilles Deleuze -
-technology with advent of new technologies, gov’t seeks control networks and population-one isn’t moved from one institution to the next, coexist between institutions-to achieve such influence, more continuous form of predominance-mobs are swarming and flocking-one no longer seeks control over individual bodies but over networks and populations
Guy Debord - “Spectacle”
“Spectacle” The spectacle is the inverted image of society in which relations between commodities have supplanted relations between people, in which “passive identification with the spectacle supplants genuine activity”. The spectacle is not a collection of images, “Debord writes, “rather, it is a social relationship between people that is mediated by images.
Mikhail Bakhtin
“Carnavalesque” mode that subverts and liberates the assumptions of the dominant style or atmosphere through humor and chaos. Carnavalesque is misalliances, familiar interaction, and eccentric behavior. -Flash mobs can be consider as a carnival because the inversion of the hierarchical norms, emphasis on public space, formation of a large crowd of like minded people, and of course displays of silly behavior.
Psychogeography -
By Guy Debord. an approach to geography that emphasizes playfulness and “drifting” around urban environments. The reimagining of the city has its precursors in aspects of Dadism and Surrealism. “The study of the precise laws and specific effects of the geographical environment, consciously organized or not, on the emotions and behavior of individuals.” “strategies for exploring cities...just about anything that takes pedestrian off their predictable paths and jolts them into a new awareness of the urban landscape.
unity urbanism
Unitary urbanism stands on two tenets: the rejection of the standard Euclidean, almost wholly functional, approach to urban architectural design; and the rejection of the compartmentalized way in which “art” is typically detached from its surroundings.
Allan Kaprow
He helped to develop the “Happening” in the late 1950s and 1960, as well as their theory. He uses the term “happening” stating that craftsmanship and permanence should be forgotten and perishable materials should be used in art. There was no structured beginning, middle, or end, and there was no distinction or hierarchy between art and viewers. It was the viewer’s reaction that decided that art piece, making each Happening a unique experience that cannot be replicated.-1959—18 Happenings in 6 parts-blurring of life and art-art is a vehicle in creating progress w/ active participation from people-goal of performance: fuse art with everyday world

-To Kaprow, a Happening was “A game, an adventure, a number of activities engaged in by participants for the sake of playing”-Similar to FM because if is a form of happiness, but different because the audience were aware of these events. Events+people+objects = juxtaposed

Kenneth Burke -
– Dramatist1) Act-what is being done?2) Agency-means of action occurring3) Agent-people in act4) Scene-setting5) Purpose-why did they do itPentad Method by Kenneth Burke: used in politics-examine relationships between scene/agent and scene/agency
Victor Turner
CommunitasUnstructured community in which people are equal or the very communal spiritEx. Frozen grand central or singing the national anthem (people are equal and part of a whole)-nonhierarchical communities or virtual communities
Donna Haraway
a cyborg manifesto-cybermanic organism, hybrid of a machine and organism creature of social reality as well as a creature of fiction-becomes conventional/habit based-cyborgs are anyone that relies on technology-shifts the power relation between a person and her machine-cell phones at first did not promote politics but play rather

Mob #1

Tues. June 3rd, 2003

7:24 -7:31

Location: Claire’s Accessories, Astor Place (FAILED BLOCKED BY POLICE)

Mob #2

Tues, June 17, 2003

7:27 - 7:37

Location: Rug’s Department, Macy’s Herald Square

-Last area rug on top floor,

-Rug very expensive never gets any business

-Calling it a “love rug”

-Focus : As commune

Mob #3

Wed, July 2nd, 2003

7:07pm - 7:12pm

Location: Grand Hyatt Hotel, 42nd Street

-Mobbers lined the banister

-Stares straight ahead and began applauding

-Focus: applaud self

Mob #4

Wed, July 16, 2003


Location: Otto Tootsi Plohound

-very expensive Shoe store

- Pretended to be a bus tour from Maryland -Focus: tourists

Mob #5

Thur July 24th, 2003


Location: Central Park

-only people in public space

-Bird Calls

-Focus: Nature

Mob #6

Thurs Aug 7th 2003

7:18 - 7:24

Location: Toys R Us, Times Square

-Worship huge Jurassic Park Dinosaur

-Opened to the public

-Focus: religion

Mob #7

Tues, Aug 26th 2003


Location: St. Patrick’s Cathedral

-Ticket line to see the Strokes

-Focus: culture

Mob #8

Wed, Sep. 10th 2003

7:41pm - 7:46pm

Location: 42nd Street B/D/F/V station

-Audience to an unknown performer

-Many though it was an unknown person who crashed the mob but it was really a stereo

-Focus: act as enthusiastic audience

Performance studies:
possible historical predecessors. Joseph Roach’s genealogical approach and RoseLee Goldberg comparative analysis..
Cultural studies:
agent, agency, and scene. Kenneth Burke’s dramatism, Donna Haraway’s technocultural theory, current work on hipster society.
swarm, space, surveillance, and control. Judith Butler’s work on gender and resistance, Gilles Deleuze’s notion of deterritorialization.
Legal Studies

politics and freedom of speech

Chronology & Genealogy -
-Genealogy by Foucault: multiple histories at work together

Avant -garde

social movements and performance are not mutuallly exclusive

cafe and coffeehouses -
-Café Procope-Fransua Procope—added coffee to his menu which originally had lemonade-brought in actors and musicians-became places for great thinkers of political discussion-spread quickly across FranceSalon=privilegeCafé=equality (historical chronotype of the vanguard). Gave rise to the Dada that rose in WWI and they permitted violence not beginning of art, but rather disgust.


-and surrealism attack the art object w/ performances that were both silly and irrelevant-no unified style of art

-interested in how new manifestation of performance art can be analyzed and interpreted based on its place in the arts and how that changes our understanding of art and culture.

-art and culture are extremely political

-Joseph Nye—“soft power”

Dada –and surrealism attack the art object w/ performances that were both silly and irrelevant

-no unified style of art

-interested in how new manifestation of performance art can be analyzed and interpreted based on its place in the arts and how that changes our understanding of art and culture.

-art and culture are extremely political

---audience knew Dada was performing unlike with flashmobs where the audience doesn’t know


Surrealism : pure psychic automatism, by which an attempt is made to express, either verbally, in writing, or in any other manner, the true functioning of through.

Poet Andre Breton

-Move away from Dada

-Exploration to unconscious: Move to VanguardPainter Salvador Dali

-Surprised by own art work

-Paints dreams of subconscious


historical predecessor of flashmobgenealogical strain of hipster culture
Allan Kaprow coined term in late 1950sDo it Yourself (DIY) art formEmphasis on:place and spacegames and playfusion of art with everyday life
Pentrad’s 5 Elements -
Act: what is being done-Agency: mean by which an action occurs-Agent: person doing act-Scene: setting/background for action-Purpose: reason or rationale behind action