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136 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Emerging Norms

(non traditional norms)

Ideal-type constructs

Opposite extremes

(lower class ---------- upper class)

Norms = Rules


Unresolved conflict


A culturally defined rule for behavior

Orderly Replacement

Parents the way their parents parented, successive generations = duplicates


A condition or system in which two or more states, groups, principles, sources of authority, etc., coexist.

Traditional norms

Extended - grandmother, kids, parents

-Nuclear family (orderly replacement)


Discrimination against people on the basis of age, particularly against older people.

Alzheimer's disease

A progressive, degenerative disorder that attacks the brain and impairs memory, thinking, and behavior.

Blurred retirement

Part time or "binge job"


A person paid or unpaid, who attends to the needs of someone who is old, sick, or disabled.

Companionate style

A type of family built on mutual affection, sexual attraction, compatibility, and personal happiness between husband and wife.

Custodial Grandparents

Day-care grandparents



The loss of mental abilities that most commonly occurs late in life.


A mental disorder characterized by persistent sadness and loss of interest in everyday activities.

Durable power of attorney

A legal document that permits a person appointed by the patient to make end-of-life decisions.


The painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease or in an irreversible coma. The practice is illegal in most countries


A scientist who studies the biological, psychological, and social aspects of aging.


Fear or dread of the elderly


A place for that care of terminally ill patients.

Intergenerational ambivalence

Contradictions that arise both from kinship roles and personal emotions

Involved style

Shared parenting active, other parent.

Life expectancy

The average number of years a person can expect to live.

Living will

A legal document that specifies the medical treatments a person would like to receive if incapacitated.


A federal health insurance program for people age 65 and older that provides almost universal health coverage.

Old-age dependency ratio

The number of working-age adults ages 18 to 64 for every person age 65 and older who's not in the labor force.

Phased Retirement

Less work less money

Physician-assisted suicide


Remote style

Symbolic relationship (helps from a distance, don't have that much interaction, gifts, not a factor.)

Sandwich generation

Taking care of one's own children and aging parents. (mom)

Social Security

A public retirement pension system administered by federal government.


Taking ones life, killing or harming themselves.

Absolute poverty

Not having enough money to afford that basic necessities of life.

Breadwinner/breadmaker system

Two person single career, 1 person gets paid other does not, makes two people to make happen efforts really important.

Commute marriage

Spouses live and work in different geographic areas and get together intermittently.


A social and economic change resulting from the reduction of industrial activity, especially manufacturing.

Discouraged worker

A person who has stopped searching for a job because he or she believes that job hunting is futile.

Discretionary income

Money remaining after the costs of basic necessities have been paid.

Dual-career couple

Careers education, long term, long hours, bring at home.

Dual-earner couple

Both partners work outside the home (both dual income, two incomes, two earners.)

Family and Medical Leave Act

-National Policy

-Business with 50 or more employees

-Up to 12 wees leave

(Job, protected, unpaid.)

Feminization of poverty

The likelihood that female heads of households will be poor.


Scheduling arrangement that permits employees to change their daily arrival and departure times.

Gender pay gap

The overall income difference between woman and men in the workplace.

Glass ceiling

Attitudinal and organizational workplace obstacles that prevent women from advancing to leadership positions.

Glass escalator

Men who enter female- dominated occupations and receive higher wages and faster promotions.


Amount of money a person receives, usually through wages or salaries.

Motherhood penalty

Pay gap between women who are mothers ad women who are not mothers.

Occupational sex segregation

Channeling women and men into different types of jobs.


Sending work or jobs to another country to cut a company's costs at home.

Poverty Threshold

The minimum income level that the federal government considers necessary for basic subsistence.

Relative poverty

Not having enough money to maintain an average standard of living.

Role overload

Feeling overwhelmed by multiple commitments.

Sexual harassment

Unwanted sexual advances or obscene remarks.


Working remotely through electronic linkups to a central office.

Two-person single career

A spouse participates in the others career behind the scenes without pay or direct recognition. (Obama)

Underemployed worker

A person who has a part-time job but would rather work full time or whose job is below his or her experience, skill, and educational level.


Money and economic assets that a person or family owns.

Working poor

People who spend at least 27 weeks in the labor force but whose wages fall below the official poverty level.

Birth order

Sibling position

-individuals style of behavior

-3 broad categories (easy = flexible, difficult = feisty, slow to warm up= shy)

Child care arrangements


Parenting Theories/theorists


Responsiveness/ support

Demanding = responsive unresponsive

Love- authoritative authoritariam - tears down the kid

Undemanding permissive uninvolved

Goodness of fit

Maternal temperament and environment.

the extent to which observed data match the values expected by theory.

Helicopter Parents


Latchkey kids

Children who return home after school and are alone until parent or another adult arrives.

Maternal gatekeeping

A mother's behavior that encourages or discourages a father's involvement in family matters.


Defining a nonmedical condition or behavior as an illness, disorder, or disease that requires medical treatment.

Myths about babies


Parenting boomerage children


Parenting styles

A general approach to interacting with and disciplining children.

Resource dilution hypothesis


Role overload

Feeling overwhelmed by multiple commitments.


Monetary payments by one ex-spouse to the other after a divorce.

Successful step families

-Confict offers potential

-Objectivity of stepparent


-Happier parents

Child Custody

Custody (tender years doctrine, best interests of the child)

Types of custody




Child support

Monetary payments by the noncustodial parent to the custodial parent to help pay for child-rearing expenses.

Demographic variables and divorce

-Rates (grown)

-Ethnic differences

-Gender differences (marriage squeeze)

-Stability (high risk for dissolution)

Demographics on remarriage

- Cohabitation

-Parental divorce

Differences between step/nuclear families

Blended- combine children (old term)

step family - currently preferred

-Mother- stepfather

-Father- stepmother

-Joint- stepfamily


-Half sibling

Divorce rates

Crude divorce rates = # per 1000 persons

Refinded divorce rates = # divorces per 1000 married women

Divorces as % of weddings- # of divorces divided by # of weddings.

Effects of divorce on adults

-Physical costs

-Psychological or emotional class

(depression, loneliness)

-Economic costs

men go up women go down

Effects of divorce on children

-Damaged psychologically

-Parental fights more problematic

-Problems before = problems after

-It depends

Half sibling

Brothers and sisters who share only one biological or adoptive parent.

Joint stepfamily

At least one child is the biological child of both parents, at least one child is the biological child of only one parent and the stepchild of the other parent, and no other type of child is present.

Macro-level reasons for divorce


Micro-level reasons for divorce


No fault divorce

Neither partner has to establish the guilt or wrongdoing of the other.

Social integration

The social bonds that people have with others and the community at large.


Stigma of stepism

Assumptions that step families are inferior to nuclear families


Brothers and sisters who share a biological or adoptive parent and a stepparent.

Boomerang Generation

Young adults who move back into their parents homes after living independently for a while.


Thinking of ideas for a solution.

Conflict Theory

Examines how groups disagree, struggle for power, and compete for scarce resources such as wealth and power.

Congruent Message


Defense of Marriage Act


Empty-nest syndrome

When the mom is upset because all of her children have left the home for college

Fair Fighting

Constructive fighting

-Types of solutions

-win-win (both satisfied)

-win-lose (satisfied, not)

-lose-lose (neither get)

"I" statements

"you statements"- blame, criticize

LAT (living apart together)

intimate relationship but live at different addresses.

Marital burnout

The gradual deterioration of love and ultimate loss of an emotional attachment between partners.

Marital satisfaction

(Happiness, etc)

Marital success

Marital Stability

Marital success

Higher divorce rate

-interracial marriages

-cohabits- not engaged

Marital Success



Midlife years


-Prime of life vs mid-life crisis

-physical changes

-economic pressures

-empty-nest syndrome

Nonverbal communication

is the process of communication through sending and receiving wordless (mostly visual) cues between people.

Open-ended questions

Frame totally different (how,what, why)


The ability to impose ones will on others.

Prenuptial agreements

an agreement made by a couple before they marry concerning the ownership of their respective assets should the marriage fail.

Reasons for marrying


Selection effect



Open communication in which one person offers his or her honest thoughts and feelings to another person in the hope that truly open communication will follow.


Showing respect for a person who has a different opinion or point of view.

Adolescent abuse

Child neglect- omission (feed, clothing, dont.)

Child Abuse - comission

Battered-woman syndrome

A woman who has experienced many years of physical abuse but feels unable to leave her partner.

Child Maltreatment

A broad range of behaviors that place a child at serious risk or result in serious harm (often used interchangeably with child abuse.)

Chinese symbol for crisis

Danger and opportunity


A time when intense difficulty, danger, or trouble.

Cycle of domestic violence

Family issues


broken homes

Deep breathing

A helpful tip for reliving and dealing with stress.

Elder Mistreatment

A single or repeated act, or failing to do something, by a caregiver that results in harm or a risk of harm to an older person.

Intergenertional transmission of violence

1 generation, next generation violent

-Role modeling

Intimate-partner violence

is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of Americans. The term "intimate partner violence" describes physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse.

Learned helplessness

Why wives stay with men, helplessness

Marital rape

Rape that is performed by whom the person is married too.

Munchausen syndrome by proxy

Abusive head trauma


Being over the weight that is healthy for ones body.

Prevention/treatment of domestic violence

-Prevention (education, one love app)

-Treatment (recognize abuse behavior)

Reporting child maltreatment

-You should report suspected abuse or neglect

-Health practitioners, educators must report

-orally and in writing.


Strengths an ability to respond positively to a crisis.

Risk factors for IPV

Physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse.

Sibling Abuse

When a sibling is abusing his or her sibling, verbally or physically.


A tobacco substance that ones smokes.


A pressure or tension.

Stress-management strategies

Harmful strategies


-problems worsen

Positive strategies

Deep breathing, working out, anything that clams the body, resources in ABCX model

Substance abuse

An overindulgence in and dependence on a drug or other chemical that harms an individuals physical and mental health.