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38 Cards in this Set

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What are 90% of wrinkles caused by?
excessive sun exposure
Do skin cells renew faster during the day or at night? By how much?
night. 30%
What does an SPF # represent?
the degree of exposure, or time that an individual can sustain exposure to the sun before the skin starts to burn.
What does an SPF 15 indicate??
that you can be out in the sun 15 times longer than you could without any protection at all
What are the 2 types of exfolients?
manual and chemical
What else is a manual exfolient called?
mechanical exfolient
4 steps in keeping skin in good condition
1. cleansing
2. toning
3. moisturizing
4. protecting
What is a higher SPF used for?
sports or swimming. when perspiration or water can wash away the product
What can vitamin C deficiency lead to?
can contribute to cellular breakdown which will speed up the aging nad wrinkling process
Describe manual exfolients.
-contains a granular substance with a slightly grainy or rough texture.
-the abrasion of the rough texture against the face causes a scraping effect to remove dead skin cells.
Describe a chemical exfolient.
---consists of a natural substance such as an enzyme or alpha hydroxy acid
---works in conjuction with other ingredients to cause a chemical reaction that removes dead skin cells
---has a smoother feel or texture
Give some examples of facial masks.
clay/mud masks
creme masks
gel masks
modeling masks
paraffin masks
clay/mud masks
primary purpose is to absorb excess oil, tighten and refine the pores and aid in preventing clogging.
Creme masks
rich, creamy textured masks. Generally rich in moisturizers, humectants, and other nutrient-rich ingredients such as vitamins
gel masks
many contain botanicals and ingredients that are designed to calm and soothe sensitive skin. The combination of ingredients and 'cool gel' feeling can reduce redness or irritation.

some gel masks are suited for oily skin. they may contain antibacterial materials. The gel consitency is designed to prevent clogging or a greasy feel
Modeling mask
---mixed with water and applied in a thick consistency to face. within minutes these masks dry and harden to a rubber-like consistency, then can be pulled from the face in one piece.

---they seal the skin, locking in moisture and creating a firm, taut feeling after removal.
paraffin mask
---during facial, it can be applied over a thin piece of gauze.

---instantly hardens as it cools.

---the warmth of the wax increases circulation and promotes penetration of any nutrients or ingredients that were applied underneath it
What is paraffin frequently used for?
hand and facial treatments
What skin type would you use a clay or mud mask on?
oily
What skin type would you use a creme mask on?
dry
What skin type would you use a gel mask on?
sensitive or oily
Does paraffin have medicinal benefits?
no
What skin type would you use a paraffin mask on?
dry, mature
massage
---a systematic, therapeutic method of manipulating the -body by rubbing, pinching, tapping, kneading, or stroking with hands, fingers, or an instrument.

---increases circulation to help remove waste from body cells at a more efficient rate

--- emotionally soothing
dehydration
loss of fluids
benefits of massage
---increases circulation of blood supply to the skin

---tighter, firmer muscles

---stimulation of the glandular activities of the skin

---stronger muscle tone

---relief from pain

---softer, improved texture and complexion of the skin

---relied of emotional stress and body tension
manipulation
the term given to name the actual action or movement performed during the massage treatment
In most regions, estheticians are only massages to masssage in what areas?
face and neck
What are the 5 basic movements of massage?
1. effleurage
2. petrissage
3. tapotement
4. friction
5. vibration
effleurage
---a light, relaxing, smooth, gentle, stoking or circular movement

---carried out with pads of fingertips or palm of hands.

---purpose is to soothe muscles and relax the sensory nerve endings at the surface of skin

---affects surface muscle tissue

---used on the face, neck, and arms

---often used to begin and end massage treatment
petrissage
---a light or heay kneading, pinching or rolling of the muscles

---used on face, arms, shoulders and upper back

---purpose is to deeply stimulate the muscles, nerves and skin glands, which in turn increases the circulation of blood and lymph

--done by kneading muscles between thumb and fingers.

--avoid near eyes
fulling
---a form of petrissage thats most often used in hand and arm massages

---similar to the movements of kneading dough
tapotement
---a light tapping or slapping movement applied with the fingertips or partly flexed fingers

---purpse is to increase blood circulation, stimulate the nerves and promote muscle contraction

---most stimulating movement and used for the shortes period of time

---should not be used on sensitive skin or on certain skin conditions, such as acne and rosacea
friction
---a circular or wringing movement with no gliding

---usually performed with fingertips or palms of hands

---used most often on scalp, hands, or with less pressure, during a facial massage
hacking
---a motion that resembles a chopping movement using the edge of hands

---used on arms, back, and shoulders
vibration
---a shaking movement

---the esthetician quickly shakes arms while fingertips or palms are touching client

---should only be used for a few seconds in one location, as its very stimulating to the skin
contraindications for massage
---skin conditions such as redness, swelling, pus, disease, bruises, broken or scraped skin

---high blood pressure

---heart condition

---previous stroke
On a daily basis, skin care takes approximately how long?
5 minutes in the morning and 5 minutes in the evening