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64 Cards in this Set

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Where does the DME indicatior have the greatest error between ground distance to the VORTAC and displayed distance?
High altitudes close to the VORTAC.
For operations off established airways at 17,000 feet MSL in the contiguous U.S., (H) Class VORTAC facilities used to define a direct route of flight should be no farther apart than:
200NM
What indication should a pilot receive when a VOR station is undergoing maintenance and may be considered unreliable?
No coded identification, but possible navigation indications.
What is the meaning of a single coded identification received only once approximately every 30 seconds from a VORTAC?
The DME component is operative and the VOR component is inoperative.
Where can the VOT frequency for a particular airport be found?
In the Airport/Facility Directory and on the A/G Voice Communicaiton Panel of the En Route Low Altitude Chart.
In which publication can the VOR receiver ground checkpoint(s) for a particular airport be found?
Airport/Facility Directory
Which is the maximum tolerance for the VOR indication when the CDI is centered and the aircraft is directly over the airborne checkpoint?
Plus or minus 6 degrees of the designated radial.
(Single VOR checks using an airborne checkpoint allow a maximum error +/- 6 degrees.)
When making an airborne VOR check, what is the maximum allowable tolerance between the two indicators of a dual VOR system (units independent of each other except the antenna)?
4 degrees between the two indicatied radials of a VOR
Which distance is displayed by the DME indicator?
Slant range distance in NM
Which DME indication should you receive when you are directly over a VORTAC site at approximately 6,000 feet AGL?
1
(DME indicates slant range, not horizontal range. The difference between slant range distance and horizontal distance is slant range error, which is smallest at low altitudes and long range. Slant range error is greatest when the aircraft is directly over the navigational facility. In this case, the DME receiver will display altitude in nautical miles above the ficility. One NM is approximately 6,000 feet above the facility (AGL).)
As a rule of thumb, to minimize DME slant range error, how far from the facility should you be to consider the reading as accurate?
One or more miles for each 1,000 feet of altitude above the facility.
Abrupt head movement during a prolonged constant rate turn in IMC or simulated instrument conditions can cause:
Pilot disorientation.
A sloping cloud formation, an obscured horizon, and a dark scene spread with ground lights and stars can create an illusion known as:
false horizons
An abrupt change from climb to straight and level flight can create the illusion of:
tumbling backwards.
A rapid acceleration during takeoff can create the illusion of:
being in a nose up attitude.
Why is hypoxia particularly dangerous during flights with one pilot?
Symptoms of hypoxia may be difficult to recognize before the pilot's reactions are affected.
Without visual aid, a pilot often interprets centrifugal force as a sensation of:
rising or falling.
The sensations which lead to spatial disorientation during instrument flight conditions:
must be suppressed and complete reliance placed on the indications of the flight instruments.
How can an instrument pilot best overcome spatial disorientation?
Read and interpret the flight instruments, and act accordingly.
A pilot is more subject to spatial disorientation if:
body signals are used to interpret flight attitude.
Which procedure is recommended to prevent or overcome spatial disorientation?
Rely on the indications of the flight instruments
What action should be taken if hyperventilation is suspected?
Consciously breathe at a slower rate than normal.
What are the gyroscopic instruments?
attitude indicator
heading indicator
turn indicator
What indicator, or artificial horizon, is the only instrument that gives you an immediate and direct indication of the airplane's pitch and bank attitude?
Attitude indicator
Who is responsible for determining that the altimeter system has been checked and found to meet 14 CFR part 91 requirements for a particular instrument flight?
Pilot in Command
An aircraft altimeter system test and inspection must be accomplished within:
24 calendar months
What type of altitude is used when maintaining FL 210?
Pressure
(When operating at or above 18,000 feet MSL, you must set the altimeter to 29.92. The altimeter then indicates PRESSURE ALTITUDE.)
Your a/c had the static pressure system and altimeter tested and inspected on January 5, of this year, and was found to comply with FAA standars. These systems must be reinstpected and approved for use in controlled airspace under IFR by:
January 31, 2 years hence.
(The static pressure and altimeter stystems must be tested and inspected every 24 CALENDAR MONTHS. If the date of the last inspection was January 5, of this year, the systems must be reinspected by January 31, 2 years hence.
Altimeter setting is the value to which the scale of the pressure altimeter is set so the altimeter indicates..
true altitude at field elevation.
Under what condition will true altitude be lower than indicated altitude with an altimeter setting of 29.92 inches Hg?
In colder than standard air temperature.
Which condition would cause the altimeter to indicate a lower altitude than actually flown (true altitude)?
Air temperature warmer than standard.
Under which condition will pressure altitude be equal to true altitude?
When standard atmospheric conditions exist.
Under what condition is pressure altitude and density altitude the same value?
At standard temperature.
You check the flight instruments while taxiing and find that the vertical speed indicator (VSI) indicates a descent of 100 feet per minute. In this case, you
may take off and use 100 feet descent as the zero indication.
What is the procedure for setting the altimeter when assigned an IFR altitude of 18,000 feet or highter on a direct flight off airways?
Set the altimeter to the current reported setting for climbout and 29.92 inches Hg upon reaching 18,000 feet.
While flying at FL250, you hear ATC give an altimeter setting of 28.92 inches Hg in your area. At what pressure altitude are you flying?
25,000 feet
How can you obtain the pressure altitude on flights below 18,000 feet?
Set your altimeter to 29.92 inches Hg.
How can you determine the presure altitude at an airport without a tower or FSS?
Set the altimeter to 29.92 inches Hg and read the altitude indicated.
Which altitude is indicated when the altimeter is set to 29.92 inches Hg?
Pressure
If you are departing from an airport where you cannot obtain an altimeter setting, you should set your altimeter
to the AIRPORT ELEVATION.
standard rate of turn in degrees/second?
3 degrees/second
what is runway visual range?
horizontal distance pilot can see down the runway from moving AC
proc for climbing to assigned alt on airway?
climb on centerline except for maneuvering to avoid other traffic in VFR
difference between LDA and ILS LOC?
LDA not aligned with runway
meaning of ATIS ‡ symbol?
effective hours 1 hr earlier during DST
when are ATIS broadcast updated
Upon receipt of any official weather regardless of content change or reported values.
holding speed limit <6000' MSL
200 KIAS
holding speed limit 6001-14000' MSL
230 KIAS
holding speed limit >=14001' MSL
265 KIAS
Equip code RNAV + Mode C
/I
Equip code RNAV + No Transponder
/Y
DME + No Transponder
/D
DME + Mode C
/A
No DME + Mode C
/U
Weather minimums for alternate w/ prec approach
600' 2SM
Weather minimums for alternate w/ non prec approach
800' 2SM
Weather minimums for alternate w/no approach
basic VFR
Alternate required?
At ETA +/- 1hr: ceiling <= 2000' & vis <= 3sm

IFR Currency

Within 6 months: 6 approaches; holding; intercepting/tracking courses. Then 6 month grace period, but can't be PIC. Then IPC

What is mag compass indication as you roll into std rate turn to right from south heading in north hemisphere?

Mag compass indicates turn to right, but at a faster rate than is actually ocurring

What obstacle clearance and nav signal coverage do you get with MSA on IAP?

1,000' within 25NM of nav facility but not acceptable nav signal coverage

Conditions that determine pitch attitude for level flight?

airspeed, air density, wing design, angle of attack

What determines structure of clouds caused by air being forced to rise/fall?

Stability of air before lifting

common type of temperature inversion produced by _____

ground radiation on clear, cool nights with light wind