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20 Cards in this Set

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indirect reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work

ex: Journey of the Magi
the three trees on the low sky
alludes to the 3 crosses of the crusification
allow 2 or more divergent interpretations

ex: Elizabeth Bowen's Demon lover

The ending could be explained two different ways. it could be either she's hallucinating because of paranoia or she could have actually seen her former fiance.
this isn't right, remember to change it. the writer's choice of words.

ex: the diction in William Butler Yeat's The Wild Swans at Coole is very visual and concise.
a character's sudden insight about himself, based on an insignificant detail, forms the climax of the story. not every story has an epiphany.

ex: In James Joyce's Araby when the boy realizes his dream is all unrealistic.
free verse
no regular rhythm, no rhyme
varied line and stanza lengths

ex:The horses Ted Hughes
Ghost Story
tale in which part of the past-typically, a dead person- seems to make a supernatural appearnace in the present.
-eerie or mysterious atmosphere
-suggestion that supernatural forces are at work
-possibility that the eerie events have natural explanation

ex: demon lover Elizabeth Bowen
drawing inferences
the term inference is when the reader has to draw inferences about the meaning from the author's detail and tone since poet doesnt directly say it

demon lover
irony (verbal, situational)
interesting, amusing, or surprising contadiction.
verbal: an intentional clash between the words chosen to talk about a thing and its reality.
situational: an opposition between the pattern of events and expectations or hopes.
ex: shooting an elephant by george orwell. situational: he is a british police officer yet he thinks what the british are doing is evil
verbal : he calls killing a buddhist priest the greatest joy in the world
-objectivity or impersonality, the work is built from images and allusions, not direct thoughts or feelings
-rejection of realistic depictions of life in favor of the use of images for artistic effect
-critical attention to spiritual troubles of modern life

ex: t.s. eliot's hollow men
beacause it doesnt really talk about his feelings and also they are not real people just images
point of view(first, limited 3rd, omniscient 3rd person)
First- the story is told by a character invovled in the action. Ex: Araby
limted 3rd- narrator is outside of the action but tells the story as it was experienced by one character ex:Clay by James Joyce
-Omniscient: narrator is outside the action and presents more info than any one character could have such as details about the thoughts of a number of characters.
ex: No witchcraft for sale
speech elements
purpose: reason for the speech's presentation.
occasion: the event that inspires it.
audience: those who hear it at the time or later or reads it later.
ex: gandhi's defending n0nviolent resistance
rhetorical devices
special paterns of language. to make their ideas memorable and to stir emotions.
-dramatic alternatives- posing of sharply contrasting alternatives.
ex: ghandi's defending nonviolent resistance
a writer's typical way of writing

ex: TS Eliot style is full of allusions and irony
an image, character or action that
- stands for something beyond itself.
- gives rise to number of associations.
- intensifies feelings and adds complexity to meaning.

Ex: the wild swans of coole by William Butler Yeats. The swans are symbols of love.
the central concern, purpose, or question of a literary work by either direct statements or through diction and imagery.

ex:the theme of Journey of the Magi by TS Eliot is the agonizing journey of a man who lived long ago.
the writer's attitude toward the audience and subject of a work.

EX: the tone of Gandhi's defending nonviolent resistance is passion for the subject and love for the audience.
French poem structure 5x aba ; abaa
iambic pentameter (rhythm)
lines 1+3 repeated as last
lines in alternating tercets
both 1+3 repeated in last
2 lines in quatrain
19 lines

ex: do not go gentle into that good night
dylan thomas
the sound of the poet on the page.

EX: Hughes The horses, he speaks in small short images, "not a leaf, not a bird."