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22 Cards in this Set

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summaries do not ...

include opinions
authors perspective

how does the writer feel about what hes writing about
spatial

moving in order of what you/the writer sees visually

compare and contrasts uses words:


like, similar, instead of

spatial uses words:

halfway up, skirting the base, in front

unsubstantiated opinion vs. substantiated opinion

no proof vs. backing up with proof
anecdotal evidence



short story
empirical evidence

data/statistic

logical evidence

appeals to reasoning/intellect rather than emotional, information then conclusion, it only makes sense

allusion

reference to another literary piece or person/place

glittering generality

sounds pretty, doesn't mean anything
plain folks

appeals to common man

ethics will use the word ____

should/ one should
active vs. passive

name to the left of action = active


name to the right of action= passive (need to change to active)

prepositional

think of box, of, under, with, in front of
gerund

ing verb wont tell you whos doing the action

participle
-ing & -ed then whos doing it
infinitive

to + verb
appositive

extra information
false dilemma/ cause and effect fallacy


assuming one event happened after another event in time, the first event caused the 2nd to occur


Ex: mark wore his lucky socks, so he won the race

hasty generalization

conclusion drawn from little evidence or from false evidence


Ex: I got sick after I ate the leftover pizza, so Italian food is bad for me.

circular reasoning

supporting a statement by simply repeating it in different words