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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
summaries do not ...

include opinions
authors perspective

how does the writer feel about what hes writing about

moving in order of what you/the writer sees visually

compare and contrasts uses words:

like, similar, instead of

spatial uses words:

halfway up, skirting the base, in front

unsubstantiated opinion vs. substantiated opinion

no proof vs. backing up with proof
anecdotal evidence

short story
empirical evidence


logical evidence

appeals to reasoning/intellect rather than emotional, information then conclusion, it only makes sense


reference to another literary piece or person/place

glittering generality

sounds pretty, doesn't mean anything
plain folks

appeals to common man

ethics will use the word ____

should/ one should
active vs. passive

name to the left of action = active

name to the right of action= passive (need to change to active)


think of box, of, under, with, in front of

ing verb wont tell you whos doing the action

-ing & -ed then whos doing it

to + verb

extra information
false dilemma/ cause and effect fallacy

assuming one event happened after another event in time, the first event caused the 2nd to occur

Ex: mark wore his lucky socks, so he won the race

hasty generalization

conclusion drawn from little evidence or from false evidence

Ex: I got sick after I ate the leftover pizza, so Italian food is bad for me.

circular reasoning

supporting a statement by simply repeating it in different words