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24 Cards in this Set

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Personification




When an animal or object is given a quality or characteristic only people posses.

Example:




The wind whispered a warning to the ship's captain.

Hyperbole




An exaggeration for emphasis.





Example:




There are a million reasons not to go.

Allegory




When a moral or abstract idea gets symbolical, representing a concrete narrative.

Example:




The mountain of faith has many paths, some narrow, some almost worn away, some well travelled. Each path will eventually lead to a beautiful vista.

Alliteration




When the first letter of a word is repeated in subsequent words.



Example:




The silent snake slid silently by.

Irony




When the opposite happens than what is expected.


Although, literary irony and the common irony are slightly different. Literary irony refers to using the meaning of words in the opposite way of what is common.

Example of common irony:




Shiela, just married, left the church and bumped into her ex-husband.




Example of literary Irony:




Shiela, just married, left the church and bumped into her ex-husband.


"This is such a great start" Sheila says.

Simile




Same as a metaphor (comparison to show a similarity), except the word "like" is used.



Example:




Her smile is like a sunny day.



Metaphor




When you compare two things, with the intent of showing a similarity.



Example:




The lake was a diamond in the valley's hand.





Imagery




When language that conveys a picture or a sense-based experience is used to describe or explain.



Example:




The waves, icy and dark, covered the ship.



Allusion




A passing reference to some event, person, place or artistic work the nature and relevance of which is not explained by the writer, but relies on the readers familiarity with what is referred to.

Example:




It rained for 40 days and nights.



Motif




Something reoccuring (image, word, phrase, object or action) that tends to unify the literary work.

Example:




The ring in "Lord of the Rings"

Nemesis




A villain who has a particular interest in defeating a hero or group of heroes and who is often of particular interest to the hero(oes) in return.



Example:




The Joker is the nemesis of Batman.

Foreshadowing




A technique in which the writer provides clues or hints as to what is going to happen later in the story. Its like the music in a scary movie, when we know that something bad is going to happen.

Example:




Before getting to the doctors office, a black cat ran in front of Bill. He got a strange feeling in his gut.



Paradox




A statement that appears to contradict itself.

Example:




(Tale of Tcities-Two CitCities-Dickens)


"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times."

Sarcasm




A mocking, often ironic, or satirical remark.



Example:




"Make yourself at home". "Clean my kitchen".

Understatement




When a writer deliberately makes a situation seem less importsnt or serious than it is.



Example:




"I have to have this operation. It isnt very serious. I have this tiny little tumor on my brain."


Holden Caulfield in "Catcher in the Rye"

Analogy




A likeness between things in some circumstances, when the things are otherwise entirely different.



Example:




Shoe is to foot as tire is to wheel.



Connotation




The emotional implications and associations that words may carry as distinguished from their obvious meanings.

Example:




That salesmen was a snake.



Jargon



The specialized language of a professional group, often meaningless to outsiders.



Example:




"Did you callibrate the sprocket?"

Monologue




Speach by a single person spoken out loud in the company of others.





Example:




"Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears..."


-Shakespeares Marc Antony

Oxymoron




A combination of contradictory terms like 'found missing'.

Example:




Act naturally. Random order. Jumbo shrimp.

Prose




Ordinary writing (both fiction and nonfiction) as distinguished from poetry (verse).

.

Soliloquy




A single speech spoken by someone sharing their inner thoughts while alone on a stage.



Example:




"To be or not to be..."


Shakespeares Hamlet

Vernacular




The everyday spoken language of common people (as distinguished from literary language).



Example:


(From irish)




"Yer man's puttin' pen to paper a stone's throw away from the house"

Flashback




This is a writers technique in which the author interrupts the plot of the story to recreate an incident of an earlier time (goes back in time; like giving the reader a memory). This device is often used to give additional information to the reader.

Example:




Bill stared out the window of the cafe. A child ran by dressed in rags. He remembered his days back in the New York ghetto. A child looks for food among the scraps, listening for his mother's call, watching the night fall. Bill paid for his coffee and left, eager to forget his past.