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55 Cards in this Set

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1) If rescue is considered first on the list of basic objectives in any fire fighting operation, what would be considered second on the list?




A) Exposure coverage.


B) Property preservation.


C) Conservation of water.


D) Identifying the cause of the fire.

Exposure coverage.

What may be considered the first step in ensuring proper exposure protection at a fire?




A) Ensuring an adequate water supply.


B) Laying out hoselines in the correct manner that facilitates proper exposure protection.


C) Ensuring there is enough personnel at the ready, who can provide exposure protection while the initial attack teams are working within the fire.

D) Good preincident planning and area company inspections.
Good preincident planning and area company inspections.

What may be considered the key to full exposure protection at a fire?




A) Ensuring an adequate water supply.


B) Laying out hoselines in the correct manner that facilitates proper exposure protection.


C) Ensuring there is enough personnel at the ready, who can provide exposure protection while the initial attack teams are working within the fire.

D) Ensuring there is adequate personnel to place backup hoselines into service.




Ensuring there is enough personnel at the ready, who can provide exposure protection while the initial attack teams are working within the fire.

At a fire, any special equipment that will aid in fire fighting should be dispatched -




A) As needed.


B) On the first alarm.


C) On the second alarm.


D) All of the above, depending on the situation.



On the first alarm.

A condition that will promote the spread of fire if a fire should start in or reach that area is called an -




A) Exposure hazard.


B) Exposure liability.


C) Exposure problem.


D) Exposure risk



Exposure hazard.



When considering exposure problems, which of the following factors will the fire department be able to control?




A) Intensity and size of the fire.


B) The size of the fire fighting force and the equipment responding.


C) The availability of water.


D) All the above.

The size of the fire fighting force and the equipment responding.

Which of the following factors will directly affect the amount of heat radiated from the fire building?




A) The size, intensity, and location of the fire.


B) The recent and present weather including wind speed and direction.


C) The availability of combustible fuel.


D) The building construction design and materials.



The size, intensity, and location of the fire.

Hot air and gases rising off the fire and carrying hot embers and flying firebrands to neighboring structures would be an example of -




A) Radiant exposure.


B) Diffused exposure.


C) Convection exposure.


D) Conduction exposure.



Convection exposure.

One way to guard against the possibility of convection exposure is by patrolling areas that are downwind from the fire. Under the Unified Command System those who would be assigned for such a task would be all but which of the following?




A) Police officers.


B) Public works employees,


C) Employees of local utilities.


D) Firefighters assigned to the scene.



Firefighters assigned to the scene.

To prevent neighboring buildings from convection exposure problems, under which of the following conditions will patrols prove to be extremely important?




A) When wind conditions are severe.


B) When there has been a long run of dry weather.


C) When the size of the fire force is only sufficient to handle one fire.


D) When the heat and intensity of the fire is great.

When wind conditions are severe.

The best way to protect an exposure from radiant heat is to -




A) Place a water curtain midway between the burning structure and the exposure.


B) Place a water curtain as close to the burning structure as possible.


C) Direct master streams directly at the side of the burning building that threatens the exposure.


D) Direct master streams on the entire surface of the exposure to help prevent ignition.

Direct master streams on the entire surface of the exposure to help prevent ignition.

Which of the following statements is not true?




A) Radiant heat moves away from the fire building in all directions.


B) Radiant heat can be intensified by wind.


C) Radiant heat will pass through transparent glass and ignite materials within a building.


D) The only way to protect exposures from radiant heat is to cool them with the application of water.



Radiant heat can be intensified by wind.



Which of the following precautions should be taken in regard to protecting exposures from radiant heat?




A) Hoselines should be taken into exposure buildings so they can be placed into operation if needed.


B) If the building has a standpipe system, it should be charged.


C) If the exposure has a sprinkler system, a pumper should be readied to charge the system if necessary.


D) All the above.

All the above.

Which of the following exposures should be protected first.




A) Structures or materials that are windward to the fire.


B) Structures and materials that are leeward to the fire.


C) Structures and materials closest to the fire.


D) Structures and materials that have the highest value.



Structures and materials that are leeward to the fire.

When exposures are fairly close to the fire, the most vulnerable areas are parts of the exposed building -




A) Just above the fire.


B) That have the least amount of surface area.


C) Just below the fire.


D) Even with the fire floor.

Just above the fire.

Which of the following factors can influence the effectiveness of hose streams protecting exposures?




A) Weather.


B) Wind.


C) Temperature.


D) The exterior materials on the exposure.



Wind.

If there is any possibility of fire in a horizontal or vertical space or shaft -




A) The space must be closely monitored by firefighters.


B) The space must be opened and inspected visually.


C) The space should be scanned with a thermal imaging camera.


D) All the above.

The space must be opened and inspected visually.

The opening of concealed spaces and ventilation outlets should be assigned to -




A) Ladder companies.


B) Engine companies.


C) Rescue companies.


D) Firefighters arriving late to the scene.

Ladder companies.

All of the following are exterior signs that the fire has spread through shafts and concealed openings in a structure except -




A) Smoke and fire showing around roof features such as vent pipes.


B) Soft, shiny areas of tar on a roof.


C) A clear or dry spot on a roof during snow and rain storms.


D) Blistering or discolored paint on a wall.

Blistering or discolored paint on a wall.

The best way to detect if fire has spread to concealed spaces is to -




A) Feel the wall with the back of your hand for the presence of heat.


B) Look for blistering or discolored paint.


C) Look for signs of charring along the ceiling.


D) Utilize a thermal imaging camera.







Utilize a thermal imaging camera.

Because fire in concealed spaces may be intense, but confined to a relatively small area, the most useful means of extinguishment would be through utilizing a -




A) Boosterline.


B) Water can.


C) 1 3/4 inch line.


D) 2 1/2 inch line.



1 3/4 inch line.

Which of the following statements is true?




A) Fire will travel vertically as long as it is allowed to.


B) Opening a roof will encourage horizontal travel and slow vertical travel.


C) Opening a roof will encourage vertical travel and slow horizontal travel.


D) A and C.



A and C.



Fire is detected in a wall by your thermal imaging camera. You observe that the fire has traveled up a shaft and is burning above you. What is the best way to attack this fire?




A) Cut a hole in the ceiling with a pike pole and try to expose the fire.


B) Open the wall near the top of the ceiling and direct your stream up into the opening.


C) Open the wall near the floor and direct your stream up into the opening.


D) Make an opening in the wall waist high, which will allow a firefighter on one knee to direct the stream up into the opening.





Make an opening in the wall waist high, which will allow a firefighter on one knee to direct the stream up into the opening.

What should you do if the fire is spreading upward between studs in the wall and partitions?




A) Open up the entire wall.


B) Make a hole between each stud, and direct your hoseline upward.


C) Gain access to the attic, clear any insulation away, and direct your hoseline downward between each stud.


D) Use your thermal imaging camera and open up only the walls that show signs of fire.

Open up the entire wall.

Which of the following interior exposure problem can be considered the most serious.




A) Fire in concealed spaces.


B) Vertical fire spread.


C) Horizontal fire spread.


D) Open interior spread

Open interior spread.

Firefighters can expect open interior spread problems from all of the following structures except -




A) Hospitals.


B) Warehouses.


C) Supermarkets.


D) Factories.

Hospitals.



Collapse of bar joist roofs may occur in as little as -




A) 10 minutes.


B) 15 minutes.


C) 30 minutes.


D) 1 hour.

10 minutes.



Which of the following would be considered the most difficult and dangerous type of incident that a firefighter will encounter?




A) High-rise fires.


B) Warehouse fires.


C) Basement fires.


D) Attic fires.

Basement fires.

When fire is showing out of basement windows or doorways, an aggressive offensive interior attack should be made from -




A) Directly above the fire.


B) The burned side of the fire.


C) The unburned side of the fire.


D) None of the above. The fire should be fought in a defensive manner from outside of the building.



The unburned side of the fire.

What is the key element in controlling basement fires?




A) Quick fire attack and knock down.


B) Delivering large amounts of water immediately.


C) Utilizing backup lines immediately.


D) Ventilation.

Ventilation.

In terms of fire spread -


Firefighter Brett says the higher a fire is in a building, the better off the firefighters are.


Firefighter John says the lower a fire is in the building the more easily controlled it is.


Firefighter Kate says that a fire on an upper floor is much more dangerous to the occupants than a fire in the basement.


Who is correct?




A) Firefighter Brett.


B) Firefighter John.


C) Firefighter Kate.


D) Firefighters John and Kate.

Firefighter Brett.



How should basement fires be ventilated?




A) From basement windows and doors.


B) From basement windows and doors and from the top floor of the building.


C) From the first floor.


D) From the basement windows and doors and from the first floor.

From the basement windows and doors and from the first floor.

Where should fire attack for a basement fire be initiated in residential and commercial buildings that have basement doors to the outside?




A) From the basement door, utilizing the basement windows for ventilation.


B) From the windows of the basement, utilizing the outside door for ventilation.


C) From the interior stairs to the basement, utilizing the outside door for ventilation.


D) By breaching a hole in an outside wall to the basement.



From the basement door, utilizing the basement windows for ventilation.



In basement fires where an outside entrance is available, but no windows are available for ventilation, how should firefighters attempt to ventilate?




A) By breaching the foundation with a 14 inch by 14 inch hole as high up on the wall as possible.


B) Through the outside entrance.


C) By cutting openings in the first floor just inside the windows, and then opening or removing the windows to facilitate ventilation.


D) By creating a trench cut in the center of the first floor directly over the fire



By cutting openings in the first floor just inside the windows, and then opening or removing the windows to facilitate ventilation.

In fighting a basement fire vertical openings should be made at __ to allow heat, smoke and gases to leave the building.




A) Floor just above the fire.


B) Roof level.


C) Basement level.


D) Second floor.

Roof level.

When checking the floor above a basement fire, firefighters should test the floor for a soft, spongy feel. What else should firefighters note that may be an indication of a weakening floor?




A) Smoke coming through the floor especially at outside entrances and along the walls.


B) Discolored ceiling in one or more sections of the room.


C) Smoke in the air.


D) Damp or sweating floor boards.

Smoke coming through the floor especially at outside entrances and along the walls.

Exposure coverage is second only to _______________ on any list of the basic objectives of afirefighting operation.
Exposure coverage is second only to rescue on any list of the basic objectives of afirefighting operation.
___________________ will help to locate exposure hazards (conditions or situations in or around a structure that will promote the spread of fire), as well as areas or neighborhoods in which fire spread is especially likely.
Pre–incident planning will help to locate exposure hazards (conditions or situations in or around a structure that will promote the spread of fire), as well as areas or neighborhoods in which fire spread is especially likely.
_____________________ is the key to full expoosure protection.**
**Adequate number of fire fighters is the key to full expoosure protection.**
___________________should be dispatched to the fire scene on the first alarm.
Any special equipment that will aid fire fighters should be dispatched to the fire scene on the first alarm.
The term exposure fire applies to ___________
The term exposure fire applies to the outside exposurre
exterior exposures are Regarded as one that spreads from __________________
Regarded as one that spreads from one structure to another or from one independent part of a building to another.
An ________________ is a condition that will promote the spread of fire if a fire should start in or reach that area
An “exposure hazard” is a condition that will promote the spread of fire if a fire should start in or reach that area
The ________ and _______________ of the fire, combined with the extent of structural involvement, will determine the amount of radiated heat.
The size and intensity of the fire, combined with the extent of structural involvement, will determine the amount of radiated heat. Radiant heat will add to the exposure problems
Convection Exposures
Flying firebrands and embers carried by convection and wind currents can cause serious fire containment problems
what kind of command system should help to allow other personnel, such as the police department of public works employees to patrol the areas down–wind of the fire for firebrands and exposures.
Unified command systems should help to allow other personnel, such as the police department of public works employees to patrol the areas down–wind of the fire for firebrands and exposures.
Radiant Heat Exposures Radiant heat will move in all directions from the fire and (is/ Is not) affected by wind
Radiant Heat Exposures Radiant heat will move in all directions from the fire and is not affected by wind.
The only way to protect exposures from radiant heat is to ____________
The only way to protect exposures from radiant heat is to cool them by the application of water
where should the stream be directed when protecting an exposure property
The stream must be directed onto the surface of the exposure in such a way that the water washes down its walls. The water will absorb heat from the exposure and thus keep it from igniting.
Radiant heat can pass through transparent glass and ignite materials within a building.
true false?
trueRadiant heat will pass through transparent glass and ignite materials within a building.
what if the exposure has a standpipe?


what about the interior of the exposure building?
Hose lines should be taken into an exposure building so that they can be utilized if needed. Also, if the building has a stand–pipe system it should be charged.
When exposures are fairly close to the fire building, the most vulnerable areas are where?


where should fire streams be directed?
When exposures are fairly close to the fire building, the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the exposed building just above the fire.


To be effective, streams should be directed onto the exposure at a level somewhat above that of the fire.
___________________provide a safer and more effective stream for most situations requiring exposure protection.*
*Master streams provide a safer and more effective stream for most situations requiring exposure protection.*
The ideal positioning of exposure lines is one that _________________
The ideal positioning of exposure lines is one that maximizes the reach and effectiveness of the stream while providing fire fighters protection from the radiant heat and keeping them out of the collapse zone.
Basement Fires


The ________________ a fire is in a building, the better off fire fighters and occupants are in terms of fire spread.
The higher a fire is in a building, the better off fire fighters and occupants are in terms of fire spread.


A fire in a basement of an apartment house is much more dangerous to occupants throughout the building than a fire on an upper floor.