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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Prevalence of eating disorders

More prevalent in women

Anorexia nervosa

Loss of appetite due to emotional reasons.

They become preoccupied with food rather than losing interest

Individual refuses to maintain minimally normal body weight, is intensely afraid of gaining weight and shows significant distortion of body perception

Self esteem and AN

Self esteem is linked to maintaining thinness and lower body weight.

Overestimate their own size

Comorbidity and AN

Also prone to depression, panic disorder social phobia and substance use disorders

Women more likely to develop mania

Death and AN

2x greater than any other phsycholoical disorder

10x than general pop

Bulimia Nervosa

Bingeing and purging

Accompanied with lack of self-control

Characteristics of binging

Binge episodes come after poor moods, social experiences and self concepts

Stressors involving negative social interactions

High levels of sensitivity and self-criticism

Continues until uncomfortabley

Fat talk

Fear of becoming fat and negative appraisals of self for being fat.

Take turns talking about body

Seen as more likeable when engaging


Comorbidity of BN

Begins young. Often occurs as BMI increases and starts during dieting episode.

Similarities between AN and BN

Intense fear of being overweight

Self evaluation is influenced by body weight

Sometimes crossover

Binge eating disordrr

Low self esteem, impaired work and social, depression, dissatisfaction.

Do genetics effect Ed's?

Little known but does run in families. Appears to be heritable

The brain and EDs

Hypothalamus malfunctioning.

Controls hunger.

Lesions show loss of hunger

Hormones abnormal

Endo opioids and ED

Enhance mood, pain reduction, suppress appetite

Exercise and starvation increase these and euphoria

Culture and ED

Obese people are viewed as less smart and lazy. Often these stereotypes are promoted by the media


What effects does the media have on cognition?

Can instill negative moods in young people who are dissatisfied with their bodiede

Psychodynamic views of eating disorders

Symptoms of eating disorders fill some need. Such as increase personal effectiveness or not grow up sexually

Family systems theory

Enmeshment - overinvoled parent may speak for their children

Overprotective- extreme levels of concern for welfare

Rigidity - maintain status quo

Lack of conflict resolution- avoid conflict or constantly fighting

Childhood sexual abuse and EDs

Higher than normal

25% of women

Severities predict each other

Significant predictors

Personality factors and ED

Different personality traits put you more at risk. Avoidance motivated, neurotic, perfectionist, sensitivity to rewards, low extroversion

Perfectionism and ED

Setting high standards

Higher self and other oriented standards

Treating EDs

Typically they deny problem, often only end up in treatment due to doctors referrals

Often times hospitalization is required to normalize food intake

Maudsley apprach

Parents finding creative ways to restore children to healthy weight.

Parents taught not to blame and be supportive