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23 Cards in this Set

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Responsible dog ownership

-Social = fitting into society, under control, public health (clean up after)


- Welfare = 5 freedoms, regular heath checks


- Legal = statutory obligations of owners, banned breeds

6 things to make dogs happy

-Companionship (dog/human)


- Exercise / job to do (working dogs)


- Correct diet


- Stress free life


- Shelter


- Freedom from injury/illness

Puppy socialisation

3-12 weeks old is the most important time for development


Dont purposely avoid everything that might upset a puppy, expose to; noises, people, animals, novel situations, inside and outside

The most important time for puppy development

3-12 weeks old

Puppy training

Be consistent, fair, patient and do it little and often.


Key times for toilet training are after the puppy wakes up and after food and water

Dog behaviour

Separation anxiety (and the destructive/barking/eliminative behaviours with it) - Dogs need to be trained over weeks/months to be left alone, Should not always react to a dog wanting attention


Aggression - easier to prevent than cure by effective training, socialisation /interaction, being calm/not overprotective. Can be caused by; fear, insecuruty, lack of consistent leadership, training, pain



Obligations on dog owners

-Animal welfare act 2006 - owners/keepers responsible for welfare need being met


Including; suitable environment, suitable diet, exhibit normal behaviour patterns, housse with/away from other animals if necessary, protection for pain, suffering and disease


-Public spaces protection orders - bans dogs from childrens play areas and prosecutes fouling


Dangerous dog act - Proscution if dog is dangerously out of control or a banned breed

Dangerous Dog Act

4 banned breeds;


-Pit bull terrier


-Japanese tosa


-Dogo argentino


-Fila braziliero


Some non dangerous dogs ar taken and held. Must prove not a "dangerous breed" in court and then goes on Index of exempted dogs - must be neutered, tattooed, kept on lead and muzzled in public and kept securely.

Dog evolution

Now 9 million dogs in the UK


Descended from Canis lupus which are; terrestrial, fast running, mainly nocternal, have young in burrows, solitary or social, omnivores

Breeds of dog

Massive variation in weight, height and head shape


>215 breeds recognised by KC


-First cross dogs - different but purebred parents


Cross breed - mixed blood, the parents are of two different breeds


Mongrel - unknown parentage



Dog tail docking

Legal when carried out by a vet for medical treatment or for working dogs in England/ wales


Total ban in scotland expect medical


Legal in a lot a USA (opposed by AVMA but backed by AKC)

Dog breed classes

Kennel club (7 classes); Gundogs, hounds, terriers, utility, working, pastoral, toy


Americal Kennel Ckub (8 classes); Sporting, working, terrier, toy, non sporting, herding and miscellaneous

Dog TPR, blood pressure and lifespan

Temperature - 38.0 - 39.0 degrees C


Heart rate - 60 - 120 beats/min


Respiratory rate - 15 - 30 breaths/min


Bllod pressure - 90 - 120 mmHg


Lifespan - 10/13 years but up to 20 years

Dog preventative health care

Core vaccination and non core is revelant


Parasites - worming using tablets/ granules/ liquids/ pastes for; round, hook, whip, tape, lung and heart worms and using spot-ons, sprays and collars for fleas, ticks and lice


Puppies treated for roundworm at 2, , 8 and 12 weeks. Adults around every 3 months depending on lifestyle.


Neutering dogs

Dog vaccination (core and non core)

CORE: (to protect all dogs from infectious, life threatening disease) - Distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis (leptrospirosis in UK)


NON CORE: Parainfluenza, rabies, leptospirosis



Puppy vaccination course - primary course

D (distemper) H (hepatitis) P (Parvovirus) Pi (Parainfluenza) Lepto 2 (Leptospirosis)


8-9 weeks old - DHPPi + Lepto 2


3-4 weeks later - DHPPi + Lepto 2


14-16 weeks old - DHPPi + Lepto 2 (often just P)


Timing due to maternal antibodies on puppies immune system

Adult dog vaccination course

Full booster 1 year after primary course


DHP every 3 years, Pi + Lepto2 every year


So..


1st - DHPPi + Lepto 2


2nd - Pi + Lepto 2


3rd - Pi + Lepto 2


4th - DHPPi + Lepto 2 .... and so on


Annual vaccinating of all diseases is not justifiable -WSAVA recommendation

Dog neutering

Spaying: before first season from 12 weeks old (puberty 6-18 mo.)/ between oestrus (season)


- prevents bleeding, false pregnancies, unwanted puppies and oestrus related behavioural problems/pestering, reduces risk of pyometra and mammary gland neoplasia


Castrating: from 6 months old,


- reduces roaming, behavioural problems, risk of prostate disease, perineal hernia or perineal adenoma and prevents testicular neoplasia

Dog dentition

DECIDUOUS - I 3/3 C 1/1 P 3/3 = 28


-Erupting between 4-6 weeks


PERMANENT - I 3/3 C 1/1 P 4/4 M 2/3 = 42


- Erupting between 3-5 months (molars last)


Should regularly brush teeth starting young or may have to clean under general anaesthetic


Appropriate diet can help



Dog coats

Texture can be: smooth, sliky, wire, woolly or pily-coated


Colour: name depends on breed


Most breeds mould all year but particularly spring/autumn

Dog husbandry

Do not over exercise esp. young/old


Bathing with shampoo only dogs that are grossly contaminated or have a skin condition


Grooming to prevent matting and for healthy skin - breed dependant


Claw clipping if needed depending on lifestyle

Things to consider when selecting a suitable dog

Gender - neutering, behaviour/temperment


Pedigree/mongrel - cost, showing, related problems


Age - puppy/adult, history, training and socialisation


Lifestyle - time, exercise, location, children, car


Coat - grooming


Costs - food, vet fees, insurance (pedigree costs more)


Other breed specific problems

Number of dogs in the UK

9 million