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11 Cards in this Set

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Two ways that kids learn to act like their own gender

Observational learning


Direct teaching

Systematic differences in how parents treat sons and daughters, reward gender-appropriate behavior, punish gender inappropriate behavior

Direct teaching

3 stages of Kohlberg's developmental theory

Gender identity (2-3 years)


Gender stability (3 to 4 years)


Gender constancy (5 to 7 years)

When children seek out same-gender models and learn appropriate behavior

After 5-7 years

Motivation to learn gender-appropriate behavior begins when they can identify own gender

Gender schema theory

Memory of all you know about the two genders

Gender schema

Motivation towards gender-consistent behavior means more knowledge of own gender at expense of learning about other gender

Gender self-socialization

Optimal mating strategies for males and females

Males - more sexual partners


Females - find mate that will stay and help raise offspring

Assumes that differences between males and females are selected because of adaptive advantage

Evolutionary view

Integrates social learning, social cognitive, and evolutionary theories to account for gender segregation

Maccoby's Theory of Gender Segregation

Why do genders interact differently?

Evolution


Physiological causes


Cognitive factors


Socialization