Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The two most important skills in helping a child learn to read are...
Letter recognition and phonemic awareness
This type of writing is an extended fictional prose narrative, from the Italian word novella.
What does phonology mean?
Phonology means the study of sounds
What is syntax?
Syntax is the way in which words are arranged to form phrases and sentences.
What does aural mean?
Aural means of the ear; the sense of hearing.
Which type of poetry has a counted pattern, one that's form is closed, OR one that's form is open?
One with a closed form.
What is iambic pentameter?
A pattern in poetry that has ten syllables that alternate between stressed and unstressed syllables.
What is assonance?
Assonance is the repetition of a vowel sound, usually inside a word.
The repetition of consonants at the beginning of words is called...
What is personification?
A literary device that gives a non-human thing characteristics and/or abilities of a human
What is the similarity and the difference between a simile and a metaphor?
Both compare one thing to another. A simile uses the words "like" or "as."
What is denotation?
Denotation is the exact definition of a word.
The easiest phonemic awareness skill for children is often...
Identifying the first sound in a word
A smart, well-educated child who cannot read most likely lacks...
Skills in phonological processing
What does connotative mean?
Connotative means the implied meaning of a word.
List the elements of literature.
Setting, characters, tone, theme, point of view, plot (including rising action, climax, falling action, denouement).
What is phonemic awareness?
Phonemic awareness is a progressive development as one gains understanding of the sounds that letters and letter combinations make.
What does semantics mean?
Semantics is the meaning of a word of words.
What does etymology mean?
Etymology means the study of words and their origins.
Speculative, argumentative, narrative, and expository are types of...
What type of poem has 14 lines?
A sonnet
Word order, sentence type, and length are defined as...
Adults acquire new words and expressions primarily through...
Exposure to their use
This is a manifestation of the author's tone, or attitude, & the author's purpose
The most advanced strategy for identifying a word is usually...
Analyzing word structure
What is a protagonist?
The character who struggles towards or for something, usually the main character
What is the difference between free verse and blank verse?
Neither rhyme. Free verse's metrical pattern shifts; blank verse has a strict rhythm.
What is an action, situation, or feeling that appears to be contradictory but actually makes sense?
A paradox
When contradictory words are placed next to each other, such as working vacation, it's called an...
A poem's line with just one foot (an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllabic) is called a ...
3rd person narrative, 1st person narrator, and 3rd person omniscient are...
Points of view
A story within a song is called ...
A ballad
Th most advanced strategy for identifying a word is usually...
Analyzing word structure
What does morphology mean?
Morphology means the study of the forms of words
A strong oral vocabulary helps a child read because...
The child can analyze word structure better.
a,b,a,b,c,b,c,b is an example of?
Rhyme scheme
What is consonance?
Consonance is repetition of the final consonant sound in a series of words.
The purpose of an argumentative essay is to...
Present a point and provide evidence to support it
Does silent, independent reading improve reading achievement?
We're not sure No research has shown this to be true.
What is the pattern of stressed or accented words within a line of verse?
What is the difference between a static and a dynamic character?
A static character does not change enough to impact the story. A dynamic character can impact plot.
In poetry, what is a grouping of lines with a metrical order and often a repeated rhyme?
How are the languages of the world similar?
The basic subject-predicate structure of sentences is the same.
What is writing that is not poetry It is unmetered, unrhymed, and can be fiction or nonfiction.
What type of meter has a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllable?
Iambic meter
Which element of literature is the when of the story and the where?
Onomatopoeia is...
When a word represents the actual sound described by that word (ie, buzz)
What are the stages of the writing process?
Pre-writing (outlining, webbing, etc.), rough draft, self-editing, 2nd draft, peer editing, final draft (publication)
What is an antagonist?
The character who struggles against something or someone, usually the "bad guy"
What is theme?
Theme is the why of a story, and often the moral.
What does phonics mean?
The study of sound
A poem's form describes its...
Pattern, or design
Oral rhyming activities help a child to ...
Understand the sounds shared by words in the same word family