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56 Cards in this Set

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fastest growing clientele

marriage and family problems

Cybernetics

Norbert Weiner 1940 - feedback loops -


used by family therapist

enmeshment

families over involved

adaptability

families flexibility in order to change


morphostasis refers to the family balance stability while morphogenesis refers to family ability t change

Nonsummativity

any system including family is greater that the sum of its pares

mandatory or asperational

in ethics it's either mandatory or aspirational

Virginia Satir

Experiental conjoint family therapy - healed via love which clashed with Minuchin


Minuchin - family therapy was a science

Satir


Intrafamily communication four basic patterns that prevent good communication under stress

placating (try to please everybody)


blaming


being overly reasonable (reasonable analyzer)


being irrelevant



"family sculpting" family member places other family members in postings that symbolize their relationships with other members of the family.

Carl Whitaker

dean of experiential family therapy


experiential symbolic family therapy


- cognitive behavior therapist


co-therapist are helpful

Glasser

psychotherapy of the absured

David Premark's principle or law

behaviorist - family member must complete a unpleasant task before he would be allowed to engage in pleasant task

quid pro quo

"one thing for another" behavioral contingency contract


do something as long as other member does something

Joseph Wolpe

behaviorist


systematic desensitization pairs feared mental imagery with relaxation to eliminate the fear

Behaviorist family therapy

functional analysis of behavior followed by operant conditioning


modeling


chaining and extinction

Nathan Ackerman

- child psychiatrist 1938 studied families


- psychodynamic family counseling


- concerned with internal feelings and thoughts of each individual and dynamics between

introjects (psychoanalytic concept)

internalizes the positive and negative characteristics of the objects with themselves

splitting (psychoanalytic concept)

splitting is when a client sees and object (another person) as all good or all bad

Watzlack, Weakland, and Fisch

First order change - changes that are superficial


Second order change- involves an actual change in the family structure that alters an undesirable behavioral pattern

dysthymia

low level depression that occurs more days that not for at least one year in kids an teens two years in adults

Cloe Madanes and Jay Haley

strategic school of family counseling


designing strategy for specific problems "strategic therapy"


degree in communication and art

double bind

paradox in sense tha the client is told he can engage in a behavior that the person wishes to abate

incongruous hierarchy

Maddens believe that key to family function is to help children find more direct way to help their parents so that their symptoms no longer serve a viable purpose. (daughter breaking glass to get mom out of depression)




Hayley states that a hierarchy malfunction is evident in dysfunctional families. - symptoms control the family when all else has failed

Madanes "pretend techniques"

family enacts a make believe scenario of the problem

Restraining

therapist may warn the family of individual about the negative consequences of change.




restraining helps overcome resistance by suggesting that it might be best if the family does not change.

positioning

a helper accepts the client's predicament and the exaggerates the condition

African-American families

fewer getting married and out of wedlock counts for 2 out of 3


less likely to care about gender roles

Bowen

Intergenerational family therapy is differentiation


differential - separate intellect from emotional self


triangulation - when i dyad is under stress a third person is recruited to help stabilize the difficulty between the original dyad - even a child placed in the middle




three generational pictorial diagram - genogram (family tree)

Salvador Minuchin

structural family therapy

joining (technique in structural family therapy)

therapist meets, greets, and attempts to bond with the family. using language similar to that of the family and mimesis which means that he will mimic communication patterns

Ackerman - psychodynamic


Haley - strategic


Minuchin - structural


Bowen - intergenerational


and another intergenerational..

Hungarian analytically trained psychiatrist


Ivan Boszormenyi-Nagy


relational ethics - healthy families can negotiate imbalances and preserve a sense of fairness and accountability


Family legacy - expectations handed down from generation to generation


Family ledger technique - multigenerationalbalnce sheet or accounting system



perverse triangle

two different family members in different hierarchy team up on another member

Adler

pioner in early history family therapy


opened 30 child guidance clinics 1920s



Carl Whitaker

atheoretical


promoted craziness and creativity with families not theory

Solution-Oriented therapy

focuses on the future

Michael and Cheryl White and David Epston

Narrative therapy - highlights stories in counseling

Tom Anderson

one way mirror and reflection treatment team

Steve de Shazer

brief solution-focused therapy (BSFT)


skeleton keys - standard of stock intervention that will work for numerous problems




BF sometimes uses a treatment team behind a oneway mirror, nevertheless, it is not required

constructive and cognitive approaches

newest



Renee V. Davis


Lloyd Lofquist

PEC Person Environment Correspondence

TWA (Theory of Work Adjustment) career counseling model


The person must fit the job

coefficient of determination is computed by

squaring the correlation coefficient .70 = 49%


to get coefficient of non determination showing unique variance subtract from 100 = 51%

Krumboltz

"worldview generalization" social learning model of career development.


learning not interest guide people to a career


a. genetic endowment and special abilities


b. environmental contains and events


c. instrumental learning/association learning

SCCT

social-cognitive career theory


self-efficacy

Urie Bronfenbrenner

National Headstart Program


ecological systems theory (micro and macro systems)

IQ of 50th percentile

is 100 and is in the middle of the normal curve


84 is 115


70 or below is mentally retardation

VRT

Virtual Reality therapy (most high-tech)

mean

only measure of central tendency that reacts to every score

Daniel Goleman

EQ "emotional inteligente"


he viewed EQ over IQ

behavior therapies based on clinical conditioning

treat phobias but also obsessive-compulsive disorder

Meta-analysis or metaresearch

occurs when several studies on the same topic are utilized in order to examine a hypothesis

Barnum effect

cleint will often accept a general psychological test report, horoscope, or palm reading and believe i applies specifically to them

somatoform disorders

physical conditions without physical or physiological causes

Scott Peck

"The road less traveled" 1978


RA


helped religion and psychology gel

Bulimia


Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa

eating disorder primarily in women 90%


also eating disorders


two binge eatings per week for 3 months

Progress notes

required by law


PCP

Private Care Physicians




(family doctor)

NPI

National Provider Identifier


NPI number is needed for filing claims