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20 Cards in this Set

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DSM: In order to be diagnosed with conversion disorder you must have..

one or more symptoms of altered voluntary motor sensory function

DSM: In conversion disorder, what do clinical findings provide evidence for?

The incompatibility between the symptom and recognized neurological or medical conditions

DSM: What must conversion disorder not be better explained by?

Another medical or mental disorder

Prev, Inc., Demo: Where is prevalence of Conversion disorder greatest?

Non-western countries

Prev, Inc, Demo: Where is prevalence of conversion disorder low?

Western countries SURPRISE

Prev, Inc, Demo: What gender is conversion disorder most prevalent?

Females are 3 times likely than males

Prev, Inc, Demo: What age is conversion disorder most prevalent in?

Age 15-35

Prev, Inc, Demo: What other factors contribute to increase risk of Conversion disorder?

Living in developing countries, living in rural areas, poor education, low SES, etc.

Bio I: What are core symptoms of conversion disorder?

Loss of smell, deafness, mutism, blindness, anesthesia, numbness, tremors, paralysis, motor weakness, diminished consciousness, hallucinations and non-epileptic seizures

Bio I: What are the 4 subtypes of conversion disorder?

1. Motor symptoms of deficits


2. Sensory symptoms or deficits


3. Seizures or convulsions


4. Mixed presentations



Bio I: What are the most common conversion symptoms in North America are..

Feeling of lump in throat, weakness, blurred vision and loss of feeling

Bio I: What are the common symptoms of conversion disorder across all cultures?

Seizures, fainting and motor problems

Bio I: What do family history tests show about conversion disorder?

Genetics play a role

Bio II: What is a limitation of looking at brain imaging and neurochemistry of patients with conversion disorder?

High level of comorbidity makes it hard to weed out what is from conversion disorder

Bio II: What evidence supports the theory that conversion disorder is a result of suppressing a traumatic/stressful event?

People with conversion disorder have low active coping skills

Bio II: Where to patients with Conversion disorder have deficits?

Auditory verbal memory, executive functioning, cognitive flexibility and processing speed

Bio II: What does brain imaging show about patients with Conversion disorder?

Unique changes in the prefrontal areas of the brain

Bio II: What does brain imaging show with patients with conversion disorder with paralysis when they try and move?

Active inhibition of motor pathways

Bio II: Those with conversion disorder have significantly smaller..

Pituitary glands

Bio II: Those with conversion disorder have a decrease of cerebral blood flow in...

The thalamus and basal ganglia