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12 Cards in this Set

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What is creative destruction?


Shumpeter

Revolutionisg the economic structure from within in which creating a new one incessantly requires the destruction of the old one in place.

What are the two ways of seeing change?


incremental vs. strateic


Reactive vs. Anticipatory

Nadler and Tushman Elements of change


Tuning- Incremental and Anticipatory


Adaption- Incremental and Reactive


Frame Bending- Strategic and Anticipatory


(Reorientation)


Frame Breaking- Strategic and Reactive.


(Recreation)

Explain Tuning.

Used to improve efficiency but not in response to any identified problem.

Explain Adaption.

Made in response to external events such as new technlology and actions from competitor.

Explain Frame Bending


Strategic change which is internally driven after anticipating external events which could require change.


Not about breaking the current frame.


Difficult to achieve in complex organisations

Frame Bending is built on what four Principles?


Initiating Change


Content of change


Leading change


Achieving Change

Explain Frame Breaking


Strategic changes caused by external events which leads to a radical departure from the past.


The most risky and traumatic type of change


Dialectical struggle between new and old identities.


Relates to creative destruction

Where can Frame Breaking occur?


Shifts in:


Senior Management


Culture


Structure


Values

Name the 7 stages Organizations go through during Change.


1. Awareness


2. Experimentations


3. Understanding


4. Commitment


5. Education


6. Application


7. Integration

What is punctuated Equilibrium?

Argues against the idea of continuous change.


change is not continuous but punctuated by intermittent levels of inertia and action.

Who talks about punctuated Equilibrium?

Gersick