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12 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

What is creative destruction?


Revolutionisg the economic structure from within in which creating a new one incessantly requires the destruction of the old one in place.

What are the two ways of seeing change?

incremental vs. strateic

Reactive vs. Anticipatory

Nadler and Tushman Elements of change

Tuning- Incremental and Anticipatory

Adaption- Incremental and Reactive

Frame Bending- Strategic and Anticipatory


Frame Breaking- Strategic and Reactive.


Explain Tuning.

Used to improve efficiency but not in response to any identified problem.

Explain Adaption.

Made in response to external events such as new technlology and actions from competitor.

Explain Frame Bending

Strategic change which is internally driven after anticipating external events which could require change.

Not about breaking the current frame.

Difficult to achieve in complex organisations

Frame Bending is built on what four Principles?

Initiating Change

Content of change

Leading change

Achieving Change

Explain Frame Breaking

Strategic changes caused by external events which leads to a radical departure from the past.

The most risky and traumatic type of change

Dialectical struggle between new and old identities.

Relates to creative destruction

Where can Frame Breaking occur?

Shifts in:

Senior Management




Name the 7 stages Organizations go through during Change.

1. Awareness

2. Experimentations

3. Understanding

4. Commitment

5. Education

6. Application

7. Integration

What is punctuated Equilibrium?

Argues against the idea of continuous change.

change is not continuous but punctuated by intermittent levels of inertia and action.

Who talks about punctuated Equilibrium?