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109 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Components of the Constitution

9

article 1

legislative branch

article 2

executive branch

article 3

judicial branch

article 4

relationships between states

article 5

amendment process

article 6

supremacy clause

article 7

ratification

article 8

amendments

article 9

changes to the constitution

major principles

6



1.

popular sovereignty - people are the source of thee power

2.

federalism -power is divided by national and state governments

3.

separation of powers- division of powers between 3 branches of government



4.

checks and balances- each branch has some power over the other 2 branches.



5.

judicial review- power of the courts to review laws and actions for constitutionality.


6.

limited government- limits the authority of the federal government.

why did we need the constitution

to replace the weak articles of confederation



main ideas of declaration

1. all men are created equal


2. men have right that cannot be taken away


3. governments derive power from the people

6 goals of the preamble

1. perfect union


2. justice


3.tranquility


4. common defense


5. general welfare


6. blessings of liberty

examples of checks and balances

1.congress overriding presidents veto with a 2/3 majority


2.senate approving key official that president appoints


4. marbury vs madison ** supreme court determines whether a law is constitutional

article 1- the legislative branch

congress = house of repersenatives and senate



how many house of representatives are there in total

435

how many HOR per state?

number of reps is based upon states population

how long does a HOR serve for

2 years



who is the presiding officer for the HOR

speaker of the house

how many senators are there in total

100



how many senators per state?

2



how long does a senator serve for?

6 years



how often are elections for senators

1/3 elected every 2 years

who is the presiding officer for the senator

vice president and the president pro tempore

qualifications to be a Representative

25 years old


7 years citizenship


state resident



qualifications to be a senator

30 years old


9 years citizenship


state resident

congressional powers

1. revenue taxes


2. borrow


3. regulate trade


4. declare war


5.currency


6. naturalization

elastic clause

power to create laws necessary and proper

denied powers

religion


habeas courpus


ex post facto



specific powers of house of representatives

1. start all revenue tax bills


2. start impeachment process


3. select president if electoral college ties

specific powers of the senate

confirm all presidential elections


jury in impeachment trails


approve treaties


filibuster

bill to law process--


starts

either house or senate



bill to law process--


then goes to

committee

bill to law process--


approved by?

whole house or senate



bill to law process--


sent to?

other side



bill to law process--


if approved sent to

president



bill to law process--


if signed

Law



most common i forbid is called

veto



not signed but not vetoed and congress adjourns

pocket veto



congress can override a veto with a

2/3 vote

if not returned in ten days

becomes a law

article 2


executive branch

enforces laws



qualifications to be part of the executive branch

35 years old


natural born citizen


14 years u.s resident



what qualifications does the vice president have

4 years term


2 term max


10 year total max

who elects the president

electoral college

how are electoral votes given

majority of the popular vote



how many people are in the electoral college

538

how many electorals per state

based on population+2 senators

what is the smallest number of electorals a state can have

3



how many electoral votes does a candidate need to win

270 ( one more than a half)



powers of president

appoint key officials


commander in chief


negotiate treaties and conduct foreign policy



duties of the president

state of the union


receive foreign diplomats


recognize foreign governments

rights of the president

refuse to testify before a court- executive privilege



impeachments means?

HIST


house impeaches senate tries

who is the judge in an impeachment trial

supreme court judge

article 3


the judiciary

interpret laws



highest court in the united states

supreme court



judicial review means

make sure laws are constitutional

types of jurisdiction

original


appellate

how many supreme court justices are there

9



how many supreme court justices does the constitution call for

odd number

how do you become a supreme court justice

appointed by president


approved by senate



how long does a supreme court justice serve

life



how can a supreme court judge be removed?

die


retire


impeached



article 4


relations between states

--



extradition means

the formal process by which a fugitive found in state is surrendered to another state for trail or punishment.

article 5


amendment process

shows the constitution is flexible and can change when necessary



who can purpose an amendment

congress

by what vote can an amendment pass

2/3



who has to vote on ratifying an amendment

state legislatures

by what vote can a amendment be ratified

3/4 of all states



article 6--


supremacy clause

constitution + federal law are the supreme law of the land

what does impeachment mean

guilt

who doesnt congress report to

president

is it possible for the president to be elected even if fewer votes than opponent

yes

what does the vice president also serve as

president of the senate

what is legislative power

the power to make laws

what must happen to have a senate or house vote on a bill

more than half of the members must be present



what is the supreme law of the land

constitution and acts passed by the congress

can a person be forced to testify against themselves

no

are supreme court justices specified

no

amendment 9

rights of people

amendment 10

powers of states and people

amendment 14

rights of citizens regardless of race

amendment 22

limit on presidential terms

amendment 24

aboilition of the poll tax

amendment 26

18 years old to vote

when did illinois become a state

1818

what year was the current consistution approved?

1970



how many articles does the illinois constitution have

14



what is the capital of illinois

springfield

what is eminent domain

taking property for public use

what is homerule

process in which a country or government may provide its own public services

what is the illinois legislature called

general assembly

how many legislative districts are in illinois?

59

how many repersenative districts are in illinois

118

qualifications to be a part of the general assembly

21 years old


2 years residency


citizen

attorney general does what

chief law enforcement officer

types of courts

supreme


appellate


circuit

house do illinois judges get their jobs

elected by the people

qualifications to be judge

lawyer


resident of district


citizen



requirements to vote in illinois

18 years old


resident of the state for more than 30 days


register to vote by election deadline