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66 Cards in this Set

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Three "Steps" of Pre Trip Inspection

1) Vehicle Overview


2) Check Engine Compartment


3) Start Engine, Inspect inside cab



Steps of a Pre-Trip Vehicle Overview

Review the last vehicle report. Any items which affect safety must be reported to carrier, and fixed. Things that do not affect safety must be certified by carrier. Sign only if defects were noted.

Checking the Engine Compartment involves three categories:

Check:


1) Fluid levels


2) Belts


3)Electrical





Types of Vehicle Inspection
1) Pre-Trip Inspection 2) During a Trip (3) Post Trip Inspection/Report
What is a Pre Trip Inspection?
1) Vehicle Overview 2) Check Engine Compartment 3) Start Engine and Inspect inside cab
What is a Pre-Trip Vehicle Overview?
Review the last vehicle report. Any items which affect safety must be reported to carrier and fixed. Things that do not affect safety must be certified by carrier. Sign only if defects were noted.
What things must you examine during a Fluid Level Check?
Engine Oil Level

Coolant Level & Condition of hoses


Power Steering fluid


Automatic Transmission Fluid Level (Potentially while engine is running)


Windshield washer level


Any leaks in the engine compartment.

What things must you examine mechanically in a pre-trip inspection?

Battery Connections for corrosion and proper placement, battery housing, condition and tension of belts.

During a trip, you must be prepared to observe...

• Watch gauges for signs of trouble.

• Use your senses to check for problem s (look,listen, smell, feel).


• Check critical items when you stop:¾ Tires, wheels and rims.


Brakes.


Lights and reflectors.


Brake and electrical connections to trailer. Trailer coupling devices.


Cargo securement devices.

What are some common tire problems?

Too much/too little pressure


Tread wear


Cuts in tread


tread separation


mismatched sizes/types


improperly applied recaps



What are recaps?

Remolded, recycled tires. They must not be used with a certain load, for steering wheels, or on buses at all.

What are some types of tread wear?

Loss of tread.

Must have 4/3 2-inch treaddepth in every major groove on front tires.


2/32 inch on other tires.


No fabric shouldshow through the tread or sidewall.


Watch for tread separation.

What is the legal BAC?

The legal BAC is under .04%

What (first offenses) can cause you to lose your CDL for a year?

Driving with a BAC of .04% or more.


Refusing to undergo BAC testing


Operating a vehicle under the influence of a controlled substance


Leaving the scene of an accident.


Committing a felony involving a CMV.

What will happen if you commit a felony involving your CMV if there is a hazardous materials placard?

You will lose your CDL for at least three years. (First offense)

What happens if you commit a second offense involving your CDL?

You will lose your CDL for life for a second offense.

What constitutes excessive speeding?

At least 15 Mph over the limit

If you obtain 3 serious traffic violations involving a CMV within a 3 year period...

You will be suspended for at least 120 days.

If you obtain 2 serious traffic violations within a 3 year period involving a CMV....

You will be suspended for at least 60 days.
If you have co mmittedyour first violation of an out-of-service violationorder....

You will be suspended for 180 days.

If you h ave committedtwo out-of-service violation orders in a ten-yearperiod....

You will be suspended for two years.

If you have committedthree or more out-of-service violation orders ina ten-year period.

You will be suspended for three years.

If you commit 1 Railway Crossing Violation....

You will be suspended for at least 60 days

If you commit 2 railway crossing violations....(within a 3 year period)

You will be suspended for at least 120 days.
If you commit 3 railway crossing violations....(within a 3 year period)
You will be suspended for at least 1 year.

If not required by law to always stop at a railroad crossing then you must...

Still stop if the tracks are not clear. Not doing so constitutes a violation that could suspend your license.

What in addition to a DL is required for a hazardous materials endorsement?

Fingerprints and a background check. You must be a lawful (current) resident. Must not be a felon, or have been committed to a mental institution.

Can you have more than one license?

Possessing multiple licenses may lead to 5,000 in fines, jail time, and confiscation of licenses apart from your home state license.

How many days do you have to report a traffic conviction to your employer? (except for parking violations)

30 days.

You must give your employer information on alldriving job s you have held for the past 10years.
You m ust do this when you appl y for a commercial driving job.

Can you drive a Commerical Vehicle without a CDL?

Doing so could result in a 5000 dollar fine/jail time.

All states are connected to one computerizedsystem to share information about CDLdrivers.
The states will check o n drivers' accident records and be sure that d rivers do not have more than one CDL.

What are some wheel and rim problems you will need to inspect for?

Damaged rims, rust around nuts, missing components, mismatched or bent parts, wheels or rims that have had welding repairs

Rust around the nuts of a wheel may indicate...

That the nuts are loose. Check tightness.

Some risks of inflating tires...

if the wheel and tire are not properly assembled, the lock ring may fly in your direction, eviscerating you! The tire can explode if you over-inflate, causing hearing loss/death!

,

What are some brake defects to watch for?

• C racked drums.

• Shoes or pads with oil, grease, or brake fluidon them.


• Shoes worn dangerously thin, missing, orbroken.

What are some steering system defects to watch for?

-Missing nuts, bolts, cotter keys, or other parts.



• Bent, loose, or broken parts, such as steeringcolumn, steering gear box, or tie rods.




• If power steering equipped, check hoses,pumps, and fluid level; check for leaks.




• Steering wheel play of more than 10 degrees(approximately 2 inches movement at the rimof a 2 0-inch steering wheel) can make it hardto steer.

What is the suspension system?

The su spensionsystem holds up the vehicle and its load. It keepsthe axles in place. Ther efore, broken suspensionparts can be extremely dangerous.

What is a spring leaf in the context of a suspension system?

 An elliptical spring used to suspend the load from the frame.

An elliptical spring used to suspend the load from the frame.

Why are leaf springs still used?

Though leaf springs have been replaced by coil springs for most uses, heavy commercial vehicles still use leaf springs because of their ability to more evenly distribute loads, rather than coil springs, which transfer the load to a single point.

What problems might you look for with a spring hanger system?

Spring hangers that allow movement of axlefrom proper position.


• Cracked or broken spring hangers.


• Missing or broken leaves in any leaf spring.


• Broken leaves in a multi-leaf spring or leavesthat have shifted so they might hit a tire orother part.

How can you tell if a shock absorber is leaking?

Inspect shock absorber for moisture. A certain amount of "oil mist" is normal. If there are clear traces of oil, then the piston is worn out from long use, severe operational demands, or dirt collection in the shock absorber. And should be cleaned out.




http://www.zf.com/brands/content/en/sachs/technology_sx/workshop_tips_sx/shock_absorber_leakage/shock_absorber_leakage.html

What are some additional benefits of leaf springs over coil springs?

"On a vehicle with longitudinal leaf springs, such as a Hotchkiss drive suspension, the springs themselves provide some longitudinal wheel control. One or more torque arms may be added to provide supplementary wheel control, particularly for vehicles with strong torque such as drag racers."



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radius_rod

What components of a suspension system should you examine as part of your pre-trip inspection?

Torque rod or arm, u-bolts, spring hangers, orother axle positioning p arts that are cracked,damaged, or missing. • Air suspension systems that are damagedand/or leaking. • Any loose, cracked, broken, or missing framemembers.

Can a broken exhaust system let poisonous fumes into the cab or sleeper berth?

Yes. Maintain the exhaust system. Check for:

• Loose, bro ken, or missing exhaust pipes,mufflers, tailpipes, or vertical stacks.


• Loose, broken, or missing mounting brackets,clamps, bolts, or nuts.


• Exhaust system part s rubbing against fuelsystem parts, tires, or other moving parts ofvehicle.


• Exhaust system parts that are leaking.

Must a vehicle by equipped with emergency equipment by law?

• Fire extinguisher(s).

• Spare electrical fuses (unless equipped withcircuit breakers).


• Warning de vices for parked vehicles (forexample, three reflective warning triangles).

What cargo preparation must occur before a trip?

Cargo (Trucks). You must make sure the truck isnot overloaded and the cargo i s balanced andsecured before each trip. If the ca rgo co ntainshazardous m aterials, you must in spect for pro perpapers and placarding.

How many steps are in a pre-trip vehicle inspection?

Seven steps.


1) Vehicle Overview


2) Check engine compartment


3) Start Engine and Inspect Cab


4) Turn off engine and check lights


5) Do Walk-around inspection


6) Check Signal Lights


7) Start the Engine and Check

What should you do prior to your pre-vehicle inspection?

Approaching the Vehicle. Notice generalcondition. Look for damage or vehicle leaning toone side. Look under the vehicle for fresh oil,coolant, grease, or fuel leaks. Check the areaaround the vehicle for hazards to vehiclemovement (people, other vehicle s, objects, low hangingwires, limbs, etc.).

Do an engine check the same way every time, so that you are less likely to miss a step.

Safety Inspection. Drivers of trucks and trucktractors when transporting cargo must inspect thesecurement of the cargo within how many miles of a trip?
....the first 50 miles of a trip and every 150 miles or every three hours (whichever comes first) after.

What must you always do before checking the Engine Compartment?



Check that parking break is on/wheels are chocked, so the car doesn't roll!


What is Step 2 of a pre-trip inspection?




11 steps.

Check the Engine Compartment


(check brake)


• Engine oil level.


• Coolant level in radiator; condition of hoses.


• Power steering fluid level; hose condition (if so equipped).


• Windshield washer fluid level.


• Battery connections, and tie downs (batterymay be located elsewhere).


• Automatic transmission fluid level (may require engine to be running).


• Check belts for tightness and excessive wear(example: alternator, water pump, air compressor)--learn how much "give" the belts should have when adjusted right, and check each one. Belts should deflect no m ore than½ to ¾ inches.


• Leaks i n the engine compartment (fuel,coolant, oil, power steering fluid, hydraulicfluid, battery fluid).


• Cracked, worn electrical wiring insulation.


(close hood)

What is the important final step of checking an Engine Compartment?

Close and secure the hood or engine compartment door!

What is step 3 of a pre-trip inspection?



Step 3: Start Engine and Inspect Inside the Cab




Get in and start the engine.


Look at the Gauges


Check Condition of Controls


Check Mirrors and Windshield



Step 3 > Engine Check > List the steps of an Engine check

(Make sure parking brake is on.)

• Put gearshift in neutral (or "park" if automatic).


• Start engine; listen for unusual noises.

Step 3 > Gauges: List the steps of a check

• Oil pressure. Should come up to normal within seconds after engine is started. See Figure 2.5

• Air pressure. Pressure should build from 50 to90 psi within 3 minutes.


• Ammeter and/or volt meter. Should be in normal range(s).


• Coolant temperature. Should begin gradual rise to normal operating range.


• Engine oil temperature. Should begin gradual rise to normal operating range.


• Warning lights and buzzers. Oil, coolant,charging circuit warning, and antilock brake system lights should go out right away.

Step 3 > Controls (Overview) List the steps of a check

Check all of thefollowing for looseness, sticking, damage, orimproper setting:

• Steering wheel.


• Clutch.


• Accelerator ("gas pedal").


• Brake controls.


• Transmission controls.


• Interaxle differential lock (if vehicle has one).• Horn(s).


• Wind shield wiper/washer.


• Lights.

Step 3 > Controls > Brake Controls: list the steps of a check

• Brake controls.

- Foot brake.


- Trailer brake (if vehicle has one).


- Parking brake.


- Retarder controls (if vehicle has them)

Step 3 > Controls > Lights: List the steps of a check
• Lights.

- Headlights.


- Dimmer switch.


- Turn signal.


- Four-way flashers.


- Parking, clearance, identification, markerswitch(es).



Step 3 > Check Mirrors and Windshield > Explain a mirror and windshield check.

Check Mirrors and Windshield. Inspect mi rrorsand wind shield for cracks, dirt, illegal sticke rs, orother o bstructions to se eing clearly. Clea n an dadjust as necessary.

Step 3 > Emergency Equipment > What 4 categories should you check for?

• Check for safety equipment:

• Check for optional items such as:


- Chains (where winter conditions require). - Tire changing equipment.


• List of emergency phone numbers.


• Accident reporting kit (packet).

Step 3 > Emergency Equipment > What Safety Equipment should you check for?
• Check for safety equipment:

- Spare electrical fuses (unless vehicle has circuit breakers).


- Three red reflective triangles.


- Properly charged and rated fire extinguisher.

Step 4 > Turn off Engine and Check Lights > Explain this step

Make sure the parking brake is set, turn off theengine, and take the key with you . Turn onheadlights (low beams) and four-way emergencyflashers, and get out of the vehicle.

Step 5 > Do walk around inspection >

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