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9 Cards in this Set

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Containment

U.S. foreign policy designed to contain or block the spread of Soviet policy. Expressed in Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, and North American Treaty Organization (NATO) alliance.

Decolonization

The process by which colonies gained their independence from the imperial European powers after WWI

De-Stalinization

The policy of liberalization of the Stalinist system in the Soviet Union. Carried out by Nikita Khrushchev when he denounced Stalin, produced more consumer goods, allowed cultural freedom, and wanted peaceful existence with the West.

Brezhnev Doctrine

Assertion that Soviet Union and it's allies had the right to intervene in any socialist country whenever they saw the need. It justified the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968.

Détente

Relaxation of tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. Introduced by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and President Richard Nixon. Examples: Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT), expanded trade with the Soviet Union, and Nixon's trips to China and Russia.

Solidarity

A Polish labor union founded in 1980 by Lech Walesa and Anna Walentynowicz. It contested Communist Party programs and eventually ousted the party from the Polish government.

Glasnost

Policy initiated by Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachev in the mid-1980s. Glasnost resulted in a new openness of speech, reduced censorship, and greater criticism of Communist Party policies.

Perestroika

An economic policy initiated by Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachev in the mid-1980s. Meaning "restructuring," perestroika called for less government regulation and greater efficiency in manufacturing and agriculture.

Welfare State

A social system in which the state assumes primary responsibility for the welfare if its citizens in matters of health care, education, employment, and social security. Germany was the first European country to develop a state social welfare system.